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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • OLECHOWSKI Louis, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOOLECHOWSKI Louis
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection

surname

OLECHOWSKI

forename(s)

Louis (pl. Ludwik)

  • OLECHOWSKI Louis - Grave, parish cemetery, Potok Górny, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOOLECHOWSKI Louis
    Grave, parish cemetery, Potok Górny
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lublin diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of death

03.09.1945

Potok Górny
f. Potok Ordynacki, Potok Górny gm., Biłgoraj pow., Lublin voiv., Poland

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, during German occupation of Poland, arrested by the Germans a few times. Held in Zwierzyniec, Zamość (in these two prob. during genocidal ethnic cleansing of Poles known as Aktion Zamość) and Biłgoraj (in Potok Górny, his parish village, almost all Poles were then displaced and interned by the Germans) transit camps. Released. After end of German and start of Russian occupation in 1944 shot dead in his rectory, prob. by common robbers.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Poles (?)

date and place of birth

23.08.1875

Zaklików
Zaklików gm., Stalowa Wola pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1898

positions held

1944–1945 — parish priest {parish: Potok Górny, St John the Baptist; dean.: Biłgoraj}
1943–1944 — parish priest {parish: Żdżanne, St Michael the Archangel; dean.: Krasnystaw}
1941–1943 — parish priest {parish: Majdan Stary, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles; dean.: Biłgoraj}
1933–1941 — parish priest {parish: Borowica, Transfiguration of the Lord; dean.: Krasnystaw}
1931–1933 — parish priest {parish: Olchowiec, St Margaret of the Virgin and Martyrs; dean.: Chełm}
1923–1931 — parish priest {parish: Łańcuchów, St John the Baptist; dean.: Łęczna}
1922 — parish priest {parish: Luchów Górny, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St Joseph the Spouse; dean.: Tarnogród}
1919–1922 — parish priest {parish: Radzięcin, St Casimir; dean.: Szczebrzeszyn}
1911–1919 — administrator {parish: Modliborzyce, St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Janów Lubelski}
1910–1911 — parish priest {parish: Oszczów, St Barbara the Virgin and Martyr; dean.: Hrubieszów}
c. 1903–1910 — vicar {parish: Modliborzyce, St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Janów Lubelski}
1901–1902 — vicar {parish: Lublin, cathedral St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist; dean.: Lublin}
1901–1902 — chaplain {church: Lublin, Holy Trinity; dean.: Lublin}
c. 1901–c. 1902 — secretary {Lublin, Office, General Consistory}
1899 — vicar {parish: Potok Górny, St John the Baptist; dean.: Biłgoraj}
1891–1898 — student {Lublin, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Zamość (Rotunda): Transit camp, prison and detention centre for Zamość county inhabitants (including many children), set up in 1940. Since 1942 place of many mass executions of Poles — altogether Germans murdered there c. 6,000‑8,000 Poles. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.10.05], muzeum-zamojskie.pl [access: 2021.09.20])

Biłgoraj: Transition camp, established by the Germans in 04.1944 for the displaced, pacified population of the Zamość region, Russian and communist troops (parachuted by the approaching Russians beyond the front line) and Polish partisans (part of Polish Clandestine State) captured during the German anti–partisan actions of Sturmwind I and Sturmwind II in the Janów forests and the Solska Primeval Forest. About 15,000 people passed through the camp, living on the open space and on bare ground. Operational till 07.1944 and Russian arrival. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2021.08.21])

Zwierzyniec: Germ. Umsiedlungslager — transit resettlement camp — set up by Germans in 1940. Initially held Poles selected for slave labour in Germany. From 1942 to 1943 Poles from Zamojszczyzna region were held captive there — as part of so‑called Aktion Zamość during which c. 100‑110 thousands of victims, including c. 30,000 children (part of the genocidal robbery of children targeted for Germanization) were evicted from their homes. On average camp had c. 15,000 prisoners. Altogether c. 24,000 Poles — men, women and children — were held there. In the camp selection was carried out into 5 categories of victims: „WE” — having nording „ratial features”, targetted for „Germanisation” — transported to a special camp in Łódź; „AA” — sent out for slave labour, mainly in Germany; „KI” — children up to 14 years on, targetted for Germanisation in Germany; „KL” — transported to German concentration camps, mainly KL Majdanek and KL Auschwitz (c. 21%); „RD”— above 60 years old, and others, targeted for work for German colonizers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.11.07])

Aktion Zamość: On 11.1942, the Germans began Aktion Zamość — a series of forced resettlement, an ethnic cleansing actions of the Polish population and pacification of Polish villages carried out in the Zamość region, in the territory of the General Government occupied by Germans, under the Germ. Generalplan Ost GPO (Eng. General Plan East), i.e. the plan of German settlement and Germanization of territories in Central and Eastern Europe. Until 08.1943, it covered a total of 100‑110 thousand displaced Poles, including 30,000 children (some of them were taken from their parents and semt for a forced Germanization in German families) — most of them passed through the special Germ. UWZ Lager Zamość (Eng. resettlement camp in Zamość), where selection took place, e.g. group IV, children separated from parents. In place of the displaced, it was intended to settle 60 thousand German colonists from Bessarabia, Ukraine, Bosnia, Serbia, Slovenia and Russia. In the first phase (28.11.1942 – 03.1943) 116 villages were forcibly displaced — the displacements were carried out by Germ. Schutzpolizei units or the gendarmerie, with the help of the Ukrainian Auxiliary Police collaborating with Germany; in the second, as part of the so–called Aktion Werwolf (06.1943 – 08.1943) — 171 villages — the displacements were supervised by Wehrmacht and Waffen‑SS units, supported by the employees of UWZ Lager Zamość. As a result of the actions of the Polish resistance movement — during the so‑called Zamość Uprising, Polish partisans fought several large battles with the overwhelming German forces — 293 villages were displaced out of the 696 planned. In some villages Germans settled resettled Ukrainians — during the so‑called Ukraineraktion — under control of collaborating with Germans Ukrainian Support Committees among others. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2021.08.20], journals.umcs.pl [access: 2021.08.20])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.miesiecznik.znak.com.pl [access: 2014.08.14], www.niedziela.pl [access: 2014.08.14]
original images:
commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2020.06.05], commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2020.06.05]

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