Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
MENDES da COSTA
Judith Henrietta (pl. Judyta Henryka)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
Nuns of the Order of Preachers (Dominican Nuns - OP)
more on: dominikanie.pl [access: 2013.01.06]
date and place of death
concentration camp, Oświęcim, Oświęcim gm., Oświęcim pow., Lesser Poland voiv.
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after invasion of Holland by the Germany in 05.1940, arrested by the Germans on 02.08.1942— after the Dutch bishop’s pastoral letter from 26.07.1942 condemning deportations of Dutch workers and Jews. Held in JDG Westerbork transit camp. On 15.08.1942 released. Arrested again on 25.02.1944 and sent to Theresienstadt concentration camp. From there transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp where in KL Auschwitz II Birkenau subcamp murdered in a gas chamber.
cause of death
extermination: gassing in a gas chamber
date and place of birth
North Holland prov.
nun at Bilthoven monastery, f. nun at Apeldoorn, Voorschoten convents
others related in death
BOCK Therese Christine Mary Clementine (Sr Charitas), LÖB Dorothea (Sr Mary Therese), LÖB Ernest (Fr Nivardus), LÖB George (Fr Ignatius), LÖB Lien (Sr Hedwig), LÖB Robert (Bro. Linus), LÖWENFELS Luise (Sr Mary Aloise), MICHAELIS Else Sarah (Sr Miriam), REIS Alice (Sr Mary Benita of the Cross), ROSENBAUM Fritz (Bro. Wolfgang), STEIN Edith (Sr Therese Benita of the Cross)
camps (+ prisoner no)
KL Auschwitz: German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])
Theresienstadt: A German concentration camp complex, with a camp excluvely for the Jews and the other mainly for Czechs. German concentration camp, mainly for Jews (ghetto). Altogether c. 200,000 people were held in both of them. In the camp for the Jews (ghetto) more then 140,000 were incarerated, of which 35,000‑60,000 died in the camp. C. 87,000 were murdered elsewhere, mainly in KL Auschwitz concentration camp. In the other camp, regarded as a transit camp before sending to other concentration camps, c. 32,000 prisoners were held of which c. 2,600 perished. (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.21])
JDG Westerbork: Transit camp for Jews (Germ. Judendurchgangslager) set up by Germans in Westerbork in Drenthe province in Holland. Operational in 1942‑5. Each Tuesday, from 07.1942 till 09.1944 a transport was dispatched, mainly to KL Auschwitz II Birkenau (65 train loads, c. 60,330 people) and Sobibór (19 train loads; c. 34,313 people) death camps. Almost all were murdered. Altogether c. 97,776 people wre sent out from JDG Westerbork. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2020.06.02])
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])
dominicanen.nl [access: 2020.06.02], www.findagrave.com [access: 2020.06.02], www.edith-stein-medien.de [access: 2014.03.21]
www.joodsmonument.nl [access: 2020.06.02], www.joodsmonument.nl [access: 2020.06.02], books.google.pl [access: 2020.06.02], www.geni.com [access: 2020.06.02], www.edith-stein-medien.de [access: 2014.03.21]
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