• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • STROŃSKI Thaddeus - Stryj, source: www.nto.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSTROŃSKI Thaddeus
    Stryj
    source: www.nto.pl
    own collection

surname

STROŃSKI

forename(s)

Thaddeus (pl. Tadeusz)

  • STROŃSKI Thaddeus - Commemorative plaque, parish church, Czerwona Woda, source: wegliniec.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSTROŃSKI Thaddeus
    Commemorative plaque, parish church, Czerwona Woda
    source: wegliniec.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lviv archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

„Cross of Independence”
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.02.02]
Lviv Defense Cross

date and place of death

12.10.1943

Stary Skomorokhy
Halych rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano-Frankivsk obl., Ukraine

alt. dates and places of death

10.10.1943, 12.11.1943

details of death

Participant of Lviv defense from Ukrainians during Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile allies, Russians, and start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans in 05.1942. Jailed for 6 months in Zamość and Lublin. Released. Arrested yet again by the Germans and set free in the summer of 1943 again. Made administrator of Skomorochy Stare parish administrator. There during the genocide perpetrated by Ukrainians, known as „Volyn genocide”, massacred (prob. quartered) in an attack on the rectory by the murderers from the genocidal Ukrainian organization OUN/UPA, and only then shot and beheaded. According to other sources defended himself for a long time and finally was smashed to death with rifle butts. Among the murderers was the son of a Greek Catholic priest Basil (Vassily) Niemyj/Nymyi, local Greek Catholic parish priest, initiator of the murders of the Poles in vicinity. One of the murderers was wearing a cassock belonging to Fr Wierzbowski, murdered on the same day in Byblo village.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Ukrainians

date and place of birth

1899

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

27.11.1927 (Lviv)

positions held

1943 — curatus/rector/expositus {parish: Bilshivtsi, Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary; church: Stary Skomorokhy, St Michael the Archangel; dean.: Kukilnyky}
1938–1942 — prefect {parish: Cieszanów, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Lubaczów}, in co–educational school, among others
c. 1937–1938 — resident {Lviv}
1935–1936 — vicar {parish: Zolochiv, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Zolochiv}
c. 1934–1935 — vicar {parish: Ternopil, Our Lady of Perpetual Help; dean.: Ternopil}, also: prefect of State Industrial School, among others
1932–c. 1934 — vicar {parish: Stryi, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Stryi}, also: prefect of Queen Hedwig's School for Girls
1931–1932 — vicar {parish: Sokal, St Michael the Archangel; dean.: Belz}
c. 1928–c. 1930 — prefect {parish: Winniki, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Lviv extra Urbem}
1927–c. 1928 — vicar {parish: Winniki, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Lviv extra Urbem}
1923–1927 — student {Lviv, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

WIERZBOWSKI Anthony

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Genocidium Atrox: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volyn and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 130,000 to 180,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after I World War (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑41, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volyn, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished in this holocaust — known as „Genocidium Atrox” (Eng. „savage genocide”) The nature and purpose of genocide is perhaps best reflected in the song sung by the murderers: „We will slaughter the Poles, we will cut down the Jews, we must conquer the great Ukraine” (ukr. „Поляків виріжем, Євреїв видусим, велику Україну здобути мусим”). This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑5 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: www.swzygmunt.knc.pl [access: 2021.06.20])

Lublin (Castle): German penal and detention centre. Approx. 40,000 Poles were kept there prior to transport to German concentration camps. After German expulsion in 1944 Russian prison and next prison run by UB, Polish branch of Russian NKVD where thousands of members of clandestine resistance Home Army AK, part of Polish Clandestine State, and National Armed Forces NSZ where jailed, tortured and murdered (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Zamość (Rotunda): Transit camp, prison and detention centre for Zamość county inhabitants (including many children), set up in 1940. Since 1942 place of many mass executions of Poles — altogether Germans murdered there c. 6,000‑8,000 Poles. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.10.05], muzeum-zamojskie.pl [access: 2021.05.06])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—9: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.05.20])

sources

personal:
www.stankiewicze.com [access: 2012.11.23], nawolyniu.pl [access: 2013.01.06], cracovia-leopolis.pl [access: 2013.01.06]
bibliograhical:
„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
„Schematismus Universi Saecularis et Regularis Cleri Archi Diaeceseos Metropol. Leopol. Rit. Lat.”, Lviv Metropolitan Curia, from 1860 till 1938
original images:
www.nto.pl [access: 2017.03.11], wegliniec.pl [access: 2014.10.31]

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