• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

RUTKOWSKI

forename(s)

Francis (pl. Franciszek)

  • RUTKOWSKI Francis - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORUTKOWSKI Francis
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lutsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Mogilev archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

23.06.1941

Lutsk
Lutsk rai., Volyn obl.

alt. dates and places of death

22.06.1941, 24.06.1941, 25.06.1941

Ustyluh
Volodymyr-Volynskyi rai., Volyn obl.

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War in 09.1939, in first years of Russian occupation took active part in forming clandestine Polish resistance activities, i.e. Armed Struggle Union ZWZ, military arm of which was transformed later into 27. Volyn Infantry Division of the clandestine Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) smuggling people in danger of arrest and deportation from Russian occupied territories through the border river Bug to territories under German occupation, to the General Governorate. Arrested by the Russians on 21.12.1940. Held in Łuck prison. On 17.02.1041 sentenced to death in a group process of 35 Poles. Murdered in Łuck prison by the genocidal Russian NKVD in the massacre of about two thousand prisoners, right after German attack of Russians and just before the arrival of German troops — together with Fr Joseph Czurko, Fr Bronislaus Galicki and Fr Vladislaus Spaczyński. Buried at Łuck parish cemetery (now a public park).

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

1882

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1906

positions held

1940 — parish priest {parish: Ustyluh; dean.: Volodymyr–Volynskyi}
1939–1940 — parish priest {parish: Litowiż; dean.: Volodymyr–Volynskyi}
till 1939 — resident {parish: Nowy Zahorów; dean.: Horochów}
1936–1937 — vicar {parish: Huta Stepańska; dean.: Kostopil}, outside the Łuck diocese
1929–1935 — vicar {parish: Huta Stepańska; dean.: Kostopil}, outside the Łuck diocese
1927–1928 — parish priest {parish: Maniewicze; dean.: Kovel}
from 1924 — administrator {parish: Potasznia; dean.: Kostopil}
1923–1924 — vicar {parish: Berezne; dean.: Równe}
till 1923 — vicar {parish: Klevan; dean.: Równe}
1920–1921 — administrator {parish: Pokostówka; dean.: Zhytomyr}
before 1919 — priest {archdioc: Mogilev}

others related in death

CZURKO Joseph Casimir, GALICKI Bronislaus, SZPACZYŃSKI Vladislav, TOKARZEWSKI Marian

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

06.1941 massacres (NKVD): After German attack of Russian‑occupied Polish territory and following that of Russia itself, before a panic escape, Russians murdered — in accordance with the genocidal order issued on 24.06.1941 by the Russian interior minister Lawrence Beria to murder all prisoners (formally „sentenced for counter–revolutionary activities', anti–Russian acts', sabotage and diversion, and political prisoners 'in custody'), held in NKVD‑run prisons in Russian occupied Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia — c. 40,000‑50,000 prisoners. In addition Russians murdered many thousands of victims arrested after German attack regarding them as „enemies of people” — those victims were not even entered into prisons’ registers. Most of them were murdered in massacres in the prisons themselves, the others during so‑called „death marches” when the prisoners were driven out east. After Russians departure and start of German occupation a number of spontaneous pogroms of Jews took place. Many Jews collaborated with Russians and were regarded as co‑responsible for prison massacres. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

Lutzk: Prison run in 1939‑41 by the Russians. After German attack in 06.1941 Russians murdered there approx. 2,000 prisoners. Again used by the Russians after 1944. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.03.11])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.duszki.pl [access: 2012.11.23], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.11.14]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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