• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

CZURKO

forename(s)

Joseph Casimir (pl. Józef Kazimierz)

  • CZURKO Joseph Casimir - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCZURKO Joseph Casimir
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lutsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

academic distinctions

Batchelor of History

date and place of birth

07.07.1906

Ostrów-Szczerzec (Pustomyty reg., Ukraine)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

10.06.1933 (Łuck cathedral)

positions held

vicar and prefect of Włodzimierz Wołyński parish (1937‑40), f. prison chaplain in Włodzimierz Wołyński (1937‑9), f. Sisters of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary chaplain in Maciejów (1936‑7), f. history student in Rome (1933‑6), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminaries in Lutsk (till 1933) and Lviv

date and place of death

23.06.1941

Lutsk (Volhynia oblast, Ukraine)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, in first years of Russian occupation, took active part in clandestine Polish resistance Armed Struggle Union ZWZ organization (part of the emerging Polish Clandestine State — its military arm from Włodzimierz Wołyński was incorporated later into 27th Infantry Division of the Home Army AK). Arrested by the Russians in the spring of 1940 in Włodzimierz Wołyński, together with his parish priest, Fr Bronislaus Galicki. On 01—02.11.1940 sentenced to death in a group trial of 35 Poles and held in a death cell in Łuck prison. Murdered in Łuck prison by the genocidal Russian NKVD organization during the massacre of about two thousand prisoners, just before the arrival of German troops after German attack of their erstwhile ally Russians in 06.1941 — together with aforementioned Fr Bronislaus Galicki, Fr Francis Rutkowski and Fr Vladislaus Spaczyński.

alt. dates and places of death

22.06.1941, 24.06.1940

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

GALICKI Bronislaus, RUTKOWSKI Francis, SZPACZYŃSKI Vladislav, TOKARZEWSKI Marian

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

06.1941 massacres (NKVD): After German attack of Russian‑occupied Polish territory and following that of Russia itself, before a panic escape, Russians murdered — in accordance with the genocidal order issued on 24.06.1941 by the Russian interior minister Lawrence Beria to murder all prisoners held in Russian controlled prisons in occupied Poland — c. 40,000 prisoners held in Russian NKVD prisons in Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia and many other individuals. Most of them were murdered in massacres in the prisons themselves, the others during so‑called „death marches” when the prisoners were driven out east. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

Lutzk: Prison run in 1939‑41 by the Russians. After German attack in 06.1941 Russians murdered there approx. 2,000 prisoners. Again used by the Russians after 1944. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.03.11])

Trial of 01–02.11.1940: On 01—02.11.1940 (according to other sources on 31.10.1940 or 09.11.1940) 35 Poles were sentenced to death by Rosjan in group trial in Łuck for „active and insidious anti–Soviet activity, forming a [clandestine] organization and forging a conspiracy to forcibly detach of Volhynia from [Russia]”. Among them were at least 6 Catholic priests. At least one of them prob. had a sentence commuted to slave labour in Russian concentration camps Gulag — perished during the transport to the camps. Prob. four were murdered by Russians during genocide massacre of c. 2,000 Łuck prisoners after German attack of Russians in 06.1941. One survived under a pile of slaughtered lifeless bodies… (more on: katolicy1844.republika.pl [access: 2017.03.11])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.duszki.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.klub-generalagrota.pl [access: 2012.11.23]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
original images:
ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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