• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • NIEWITECKI Roman; source: Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, „Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939—1988”, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIEWITECKI Roman
    source: Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, „Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939—1988”, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
    own collection

surname

NIEWITECKI

surname
versions/aliases

NIEWIETECKI

forename(s)

Roman

  • NIEWITECKI Roman - Cenotaph, Salesians grave, parish cemetery, Oświęcim, source: polski-cmentarz.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONIEWITECKI Roman
    Cenotaph, Salesians grave, parish cemetery, Oświęcim
    source: polski-cmentarz.com
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of St Francis de Sales SDBmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

(i.e. Salesians of Don Bosco)

diocese / province

St Jack Cracow Inspectorate SDB

date and place
of death

04.01.1942

Pyalmatoday: Pyalma, Pudozh reg., Karelia rep., Russia
more on
ru.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]

alt. dates and places
of death

07.01.1942

details of death

Just before the start of the World War I on 05.05.1914 drafted into German army.

For 5 year served on World War I fronts.

Suffered from a leg wound and left army as an invalid.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of Russian occupation, expelled in 1939 by the Ukrainians and Russian occupiers from Daszawa.

In 1940 arrested by Russian genocidal NKVD in Lviv.

Jailed in Lviv prison.

From there deported to Siberia, to Russian slave labour concentration camps Gulag.

Totally exhausted perished prob. in concentration camp No. 2 on Onega lake, where slaved at Białomor–Baltica canal construction and where the wound from the World War I opened up again.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and disease

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

09.08.1891

Sulisławtoday: Raszków gm., Ostrów Wielkopolski pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

religious vows

15.08.1913 (temporary)

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

11.08.1926 (Turintoday: Turin city prov., Piedmont reg., Italy
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01]
)

positions held

1936 – 1940

friar — Dashavatoday: Stryi urban hrom., Stryi rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.11]
⋄ Society's House, Salesians of Don Bosco SDB — director of Lower Theological Seminary (gymnasium)

1930 – 1936

friar — Pogrzebieńtoday: Kornowac gm., Racibórz pov., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.15]
⋄ Society's House, Salesians of Don Bosco SDB — first director of Lower Theological Seminary (Philosophical Institute)

till 1930

friar — WarsawPowiśle neighborhood in Śródmieście district
today: Warsaw city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
⋄ Society's House (Fr Siemiec Salesians' Institute), Salesians of Don Bosco SDB — director of Lower Theological Seminary (gymnasium)

1926 – 1927

friar — Aleksandrów Kujawskitoday: Aleksandrów Kujawski gm., Aleksandrów Kujawski pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.16]
⋄ Society's House, Salesians of Don Bosco SDB — minister at Educational Institute

1923 – 1926

student — TurinCrocetta district
today: Turin city prov., Piedmont reg., Italy

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.01]
⋄ theology, „Don Bosco” International Institute, Salesians of Don Bosco SDB

1922 – 1923

student — Foglizzo Canavesetoday: Foglizzo, Turin prov., Piedmont reg., Italy
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ theology, Theological Institute (higher theological seminary), Salesians of Don Bosco SDB

friar — Oświęcimtoday: Oświęcim gm., Oświęcim pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ Society's House (Casa Madre), Salesians of Don Bosco SDB — assistance (educational and pastoral practice)

student — KrakówDębniki district
today: Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ T Philosophical Institute (also known as the Philosophical Studentate) at the Blessed Virgin Mary of the Immaculate Conception Congregation's house (known as „Łosiówka”), 30 Tyniecka Str., Salesians of Don Bosco SDB

from 1919

friar — Oświęcimtoday: Oświęcim gm., Oświęcim pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ Society's House (Casa Madre), Salesians of Don Bosco SDB — gymnasium student

1913 – 1914

friar — Radnatoday: Sevnica gm., Lower Sava reg., Slovenia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.11]
⋄ Society's House, Salesians of Don Bosco SDB — gymnasium student

1912 – 1913

novitiate — Radnatoday: Sevnica gm., Lower Sava reg., Slovenia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.11]
⋄ Society's House, Salesians of Don Bosco SDB

from 1912

friar — Radnatoday: Sevnica gm., Lower Sava reg., Slovenia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.11]
⋄ Society's House, Salesians of Don Bosco SDB

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

ITL BelbaltLag: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‑Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Беломоро‑Балтийский (Eng. White Sea ‑ Baltic Sea) — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within the Gulag complex) — headquartered in Medvezhjegorsk on Lake Onega, and in 1933‑1934 also in the town of Nadvoytsy (both then in the Karelo‑Finnish Republic, today the Karelian Republic). Founded on 16.11.1931, on the basis of the former ITL SLON camp (i.a. on the Solovetsky islands on the White Sea). Prisoners slaved at the construction of a canal between the White Sea and the Baltic Sea (opened on 30.06.1933). Later, as part of the newly created White Sea ‑ Baltic Sea Combine, managed by the criminal GPU (later the genocidal NKVD), slaved on forest clearing, in sawmills, on the construction of factories for wooden products and paper production, on the construction of hydroelectric power plants (Tulomskaya and Onda), a nickel factory and alcohol distilleries, construction of ports, and laying of railway lines., etc. One of heads of the camp was a Jew, Naftali Frenkel, regarded as the originator of the Gulag system. At its peak c. 110,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 107,900 (12.1932); 70,373 (01.01.1934); 66,418 (01.01.1935); 90,290 (01.01.1936); 58,965 (01.01.1937); 79,232 (01.10.1938); 86,567 (01.01.1939); 71,269 (01.01.1941); 67,928 (15.06.1941). In 1938 there were 3,946 women among them. According to official data, 12,300 perished during the construction of the canal itself — according to unofficial data, from 50,000 to 300,000. The camp operated until 18.09.1941, and the entire project — in economic terms — turned out to be a total failure. (more on: ru.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.09.02]
, en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

ITL OnegLag: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‑Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Онежский (Eng. Onezhskiy) — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within the Gulag complex) — headquartered at the Plesetskaya railway station of the Northern Railway Line, near the village of Plesetsk in the Arkhangelsk Oblast. Founded on 05.02.1938. The prisoners slaved at the forest clearing, wood harvesting and processing, loading and delivery of firewood to Moscow, construction of a pulp mill, etc. At its peak c. 20,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 16,733 (01.01.1939); 19,222 (01.01.1940); 19,181 (01.01.1941); 19,941 (01.01.1942); 16,141 (01.04.1942). Ceased to operate on 05.05.1942, and most of the prisoners were transferred to the ITL KargopoŁag. (more on: old.memo.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно‑трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea‑Baltic Canal (1931‑1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. He went down in history as the author of the principle „We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Alexander Solzhenitsyn, of the so‑called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — prisoner — i.e. Rus. заключенный‑каналоармец (Eng. canal soldier) — was coined in the ITL BelBaltLag managed by him, and was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held in Gulag camps at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Deportations to Siberia: In 1939‑1941 Russians deported — in four large groups in: 10.02.1940, 13‑14.04.1940, 05‑07.1940, 05‑06.1941 — up to 1 mln of Polish citizens from Russian occupied Poland to Siberia leaving them without any support at the place of exile. Thousands of them perished or never returned. The deportations east, deep into Russia, to Siberia resumed after 1944 when Russians took over Poland. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

Lviv (Brygidki): Penal prison, then at 34 Kazimierzowska Str. in Lviv — in the buildings of the former monastery of the Order of St Brigid, in 1784 — after the first partition of Poland and after the dissolution of the religious orders as part of the so—called Josephine dissolutions — converted by the partitioning Austrian authorities into a prison. In 1939‑1941, the Russians held there thousands of prisoners, most of them Poles. On c. 26.06.1941, in the face of the German invasion and attack of their erstwhile ally, the Russians, during a panic escape (the left Lviv exactly on 26.06.1941), genocideally murdered several thousand prisoners. In 1941‑1944 the prison was run by the Germans and mass murders of Polish, Jewish and Ukrainian civilians took place there. After start of another Russian occupation in 1941 prison in which the executions were carried out on prisoners sentenced to death. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

Ribbentrop‑Molotov: Genocidal Russian‑German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‑called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‑Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‑Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‑Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‑German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‑pre‑Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
bws.sdb.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
, www.encyklo.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, pldocs.docdat.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]
, www.kresowiak.fora.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]

bibliographical:
Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939‑1988”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
Salesian Society in Poland under occupation 1939‑1945”, Fr John Pietrzykowski SDB, Institute of National Remembrance IPN, Warsaw, 2015
original images:
polski-cmentarz.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.03.01]

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