• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • MICHUŁKA John - 03.1940, oflag IX A/Z Rotenburg a. d. Fulda, source: doi.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMICHUŁKA John
    03.1940, oflag IX A/Z Rotenburg a. d. Fulda
    source: doi.org
    own collection
  • MICHUŁKA John - 03.1940, oflag IX A/Z Rotenburg a. d. Fulda (J. Michułka second from the right in the second row from the bottom), source: hinterstacheldraht.jimdo.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMICHUŁKA John
    03.1940, oflag IX A/Z Rotenburg a. d. Fulda (J. Michułka second from the right in the second row from the bottom)
    source: hinterstacheldraht.jimdo.com
    own collection

surname

MICHUŁKA

surname
versions/aliases

MIHUŁKA, MICHAŁKA, MIKUŁKA

forename(s)

John (pl. Jan)

  • MICHUŁKA John - Commemorative plaque, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St John the Baptist cathedral, Przemyśl, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMICHUŁKA John
    Commemorative plaque, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St John the Baptist cathedral, Przemyśl
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • MICHUŁKA John - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMICHUŁKA John
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection
  • MICHUŁKA John - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMICHUŁKA John
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Przemyśl diocese
more on: www.przemyska.pl [access: 2013.02.15]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

07.09.1942

KL Dachau
Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria, Germany

details of death

In 1919 joined the forming Polish Army. Assigned to the newly–formed–on 04.04.1919 „Relief of Lviv” 19th Infantry Regiment (the units that formed it made a significant contribution in preventing the encirclement of Lviv by the Ukrainians, during Polish–Ukrainian war 1918‑9). Together with the regiment prob. took part in further fights with Ukrainians, including the capture for Tarnopil (06.1919), at Pomoryany (06.1919), on the Zolotaya Lipa river (till 24.06.1919), on the Zlochiv–Pidkamin line (06‑07.1919). In 1920 the regiment battled in Ukraine with the attacking Bolshevik troops of Budyonny's 1st Cavalry Army, including at Volkovintsy (04.1920), near Samhorodok (05.06.1920), by the Styr river (07.1920). After the Russian defeat in the Battle of Warsaw („Miracle on the Vistula”), took part in the displacement of the Russians to the east (till 09.1920). On 27.02.1921, the regiment returned to Lviv. After Polish state announced 08.1939 general mobilisation became head of pastoral ministry and chaplain of 27th Infantry Division of the „Pomerania Army” of the Polish Armed Forces with HQ based in Kowel, in the rank of senior chaplain (major). The „Pomerania Army” was tasked to defend Pomerania region on the Polish–German front. After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (the Russians attacked Poland 17 days later) and the beginning of World War II, from 06.09.1939 in retreat with his army from Pomerania towards Warsaw. Captured by the Germans after defeat at Bzura river battle (09‑22.09.1939). Interned in POW camps, such as Oflag IX A/Z Rotenburg. From there on 18.04.1940, in contravention of Geneva conventions of 27.07.1929, transported to KL Buchenwald concentration camp, and finally on 06‑07.07.1942 to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

31.05.1892

Chłopy
today: Peremozhne, Horodok rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

06.05.1917 (Przemyśl cathedral)

positions held

c. 1936–1939 — administrator {parish: Volodymyr–Volynskyi, St Josaphat the Bishop and Martyr; Military Pastoral Area, Command of the Corps District DOK No. II Lublin, Polish Army; military}, also: chaplain of Artillery Reserve Officer Cadet School and 23rd Infantry Regiment
1935–c. 1936 — administrator {parish: Stanyslaviv, St Stanislaus the Bishop and Martyr; Military Pastoral Area, Command of the Corps District DOKNo. VI Lviv, Polish Army; military}
1923–1935 — administrator {parish: Volodymyr–Volynskyi, St Josaphat the Bishop and Martyr; Military Pastoral Area, Command of the Corps District DOK No. II Lublin, Polish Army; military}, also: chaplain of Artillery Reserve Officer Cadet School and 23rd Infantry Regiment
1922–1923 — chaplain {Lviv, Pastoral Ministry HQ, Command of the Corps District DOKNo. VI Lviv, Polish Army}
1919–1921 — chaplain {19th Infantry Regiment „Relief of Lviv”, Polish Army}
1917–1919 — vicar {parish: Staryi Sambir, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor and Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Sambir}
1912–1917 — student {Przemyśl, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BELON Zdislaus Anthony, BRYDACKI Louis, DACHTERA Francis, DRWAL Francis, FRANCUZ John, GÓRALIK John, JĘDRYSIK Severin (Fr Vincent), KLARZAK Joseph, KRYŃSKI Adolph, LISSOWSKI Czeslav Joseph, MIEGOŃ Vladislav, STOPCZAK Marian, SYPER Stanislaus, SZABELSKI Edward, ŚWIDEREK Vladislav, TOMIAK Joseph, TRUSS Boleslaus Cyriac, ZAKRZEWSKI John, ZIEMIAŃSKI Michael Urban, ZIĘBA Adalbert

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 31222): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Buchenwald (prisoner no: 1984): In KL Buchenwald concentration camp, founded in 1937 and operational till 1945, Germans held c. 238,380 prisoners and murdered approx. 56,000 of them, among them thousands of Poles. Prisoners were victims of pseudo–scientific experiments, conducted among others by Behring–Werke from Marburg and Robert Koch Institute from Berlin companies. They slaved for Gustloff in Weimar and Fritz–Sauckel companies manufacturing armaments. To support Erla–Maschinenwerk GmbH in Leipzig, Junkers in Schönebeck (airplanes) and Rautal in Wernigerode Germans organized special sub–camps. In 1945 there were more than 100 such sub–camps. Dora concentration camp was initially one of them, as well as KL Ravensbrück sub–camps (from 08.1944). On 08.04.1945 Polish prisoner, Mr Guido Damazyn, used clandestinely constructed short wave transmitter to sent, together with a Russian prisoner, a short message begging for help. It was received and he got a reply: „KZ Bu. Hold out. Rushing to your aid. Staff of Third Army” (American). Three days later the camp was liberated. (more on: www.buchenwald.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Oflag IX C Rotenburg an der Fulda: German POW prisoner of war camp for officers in Rotenburg an der Fulda in Hesse. C. 60‑70 Polish Catholic priests, most of them military chaplains, captured by the Germans in 09.1939 during German invasion of Poland, were held POW there from 12.1939. In preparations for invasion of France all on 18.04.1940 were sent — in contravention of Geneva conventions of 27.07.1929 — to KL Buchenwald concentration camps. From 06.1940 Germ. Zweiglager (Eng. sub–camp) of Oflag IX A/H Spangenberg and renamed Oflag IX A/Z. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.11.17])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—9: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.05.20])

sources

personal:
www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23], www.podkarpacki.civitaschristiana.pl [access: 2013.01.17], www.szukajwarchiwach.gov.pl [access: 2021.10.09], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23]
bibliograhical:
„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
Schematismus Venerabilis Cleri Dioecesis Premisliensis”, Przemyśl diocesa Curia, from 1866 to 1938
original images:
doi.org [access: 2021.10.09], hinterstacheldraht.jimdo.com [access: 2016.03.14], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.08.14], www.katedrapolowa.pl [access: 2014.01.16]

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