• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph, source: mtrojnar.rzeszow.opoka.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    source: mtrojnar.rzeszow.opoka.org.pl
    own collection
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph, source: www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    source: www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl
    own collection
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph, source: www.encyklo.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    source: www.encyklo.pl
    own collection
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph, source: swjozef.stargard.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    source: swjozef.stargard.pl
    own collection
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph, source: www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    source: www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl
    own collection
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph - As a seminarian, source: www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    As a seminarian
    source: www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl
    own collection
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph, source: stara-strona.nsz.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    source: stara-strona.nsz.com.pl
    own collection
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph, source: www.historia.beskidia.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    source: www.historia.beskidia.pl
    own collection
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph, source: ziebice.eparafia.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    source: ziebice.eparafia.pl
    own collection
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph, source: dziennikzachodni.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    source: dziennikzachodni.pl
    own collection

surname

MARSZAŁEK

forename(s)

Rudolph (pl. Rudolf)

  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph - Commemorative plaque, parish church, Bystra, source: www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    Commemorative plaque, parish church, Bystra
    source: www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl
    own collection
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection
  • MARSZAŁEK Rudolph - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMARSZAŁEK Rudolph
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of Christ Fathers for Poles Living Abroad (Christ Fathers - SChr)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Katowice diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

10.03.1948

Warsaw
Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland

details of death

After secondary school graduation in 1931 student of the Infantry Cadets School in Zambrów. After completion — as a corporal with census — an apprentice in the 4th Podhale Riflemen Regiment in Cieszyn. On graduation made platoon cadet. Next assigned to the 3rd Podhale Riflemen Regiment in Bielsko. In 1932 transferred to the reserves in the rank of second lieutenant. In 07.1939 drafted into Polish Army as a chaplain. After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the World War II participated in Warsaw defense as chaplain of 58th Infantry Regiment of Greater Poland Army. On 01.10.1939 arrested by the Germans. Jailed in Pawiak prison in Warsaw but in 11.1939 released. Next sent by the emerging Polish clandestine resistance leadership to native Bielsko. Became chaplain to a clandestine resistance Polish military organisation „White Eagle” in Bielsk (part of Polish Clandestine State, just forming). Exposed attempted to cross over to Polish troops in the West but on 04.04.1940 arrested on Polish–Hungarian border. Jailed in Vienna. Next till 03.1941 held in KL Gusen I concentration camp — part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camps’ complex — where slaved in quarries. Thanks to prob. his family intervention from there taken back to Vienna and sentenced to 1 year in prison, including period of incarceration. After release returned in 06.1943 to Bielsko. Became chaplain to a clandestine resistance Peasants Battalions BCh in Silesian Cieszyn region and next chaplain to clandestine resistance National Armed Forces NSZ. After end of German occupation became chaplain of 13. Infantry Division of Polish troops in Russian army. Few months later left and on 13.09.1945 clandestinely, through Pilsen and Prague, managed to reach Germany where he ministered to Polish soldiers in the West — served as chaplain to the NSZ’s „ Świętokrzyska Brigade” units in major rank. On 02.12.1945 returned to Russian occupied Poland and became parish priest in Bystra Mikuszowice. In danger of imminent arrest by Commie–Nazi UB, Polish branch of Russian NKVD on 01.07.1946 went into hiding in Górny Szczyrk. Became chaplain to the resistance partisan „Bartek” unit of clandestine Polish National Army NSZ. In 10‑11.1946 again crossed over to the West. After return on 13.12.1946 prob. with an order to Polish clandestine units to disband and demobilize arrested by the Commie–Nazi UB. After a month in Silesian prisons jailed in Warsaw Mokotów Rakowiecka str. prison. Tortured. On 14.01.1948 tried at a summary court and 3 days later received four death sentences. His application for the „prerogative of mercy” was on 07.03.1948 rejected by Mr Boleslaus Bierut (Polish traitor, in 1945 Russian governor in occupied Poland, earlier in 1923 as a Russian spy exchanged for Catholic bishop Cieplak sentenced by Russians to death). 3 days later murdered in prison.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians / Poles

date and place of birth

29.08.1911

Komorowice - Bielsko-Biała
Bielsko-Biała city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland

religious vows

22.10.1937 (last)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

03.06.1939 (Poznań cathedral)

positions held

parish priest of Bystra Mikuszowice parish (1945‑6), rector of Bystra Mikuszowice church (1942‑5), f. rector of church in Dziedzice (1942), f. minister of St Nicholas parish in Bielsko (1941‑2), f. missionary theology student at Theology Department of Poznań University in Poznań (till 1939), f. philosophy student the Theological Seminary in Gniezno (1934‑5), novitiate in Congregation house in Potulice (1933‑4), in Christ Society in Potulice Congregation's motherhouse from 05.10.1933

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Warsaw (Mokotów): Prison and detention centre in Warsaw on Rakowiecka str. Used by Germans during German occupation 1939‑45 to held thousands of Poles. In 1945‑56 thousands of Polish independence activists were held there by the Polish Commie–Nazi branch of Russian NKVD/KGB police. Hundreds of Poles were executed. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

Vienna: German penal prison.

KL Gusen I: „Grade III” (niem. „Stufe III”) camp, part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex, intended for the „Incorrigible political enemies of the Reich”. The prisoners slaved at a nearby granite quarry, but also in local private companies: at SS guards houses' construction at a nearby Sankt Georgen for instance. Initially opened in 05.1940 as the „camp for Poles”, captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). Till the end most of the prisoners were Poles. Many Polish priests from the Polish regions incorporated in the Germany were brought there in 1940, after start of German occupation of Poland, from KL Sachsenhausen and KL Dachau concentration camps. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Mauthausen-Gusen: A large group of German concentration camps set up around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, c. 30 km east of Linz, operational from 1938 till 05.1945. Over time it became of the largest labour camp complexes in the German–controlled part of Europe encompassing four major camps concentration camps (Mauthausen, Gusen I, Gusen II and Gusen III) and more than 50 sub–camps where inmates slaved in quarries (the granite extracted, previously used to pave the streets of Vienna, was intended for a complete reconstruction of major German towns according to Albert Speer plans), munitions factories, mines, arms factories and Me 262 fighter–plane assembly plants. The complex served the needs of the German war machine and also carried out extermination through labour. Initially did not have a its own gas chamber and the intended victims were mostly moved to the infamous Hartheim Castle, 40.7 km east, or killed by lethal injection and cremated in the local crematorium. Later a van with the exhaust pipe connected to the inside shuttled between Mauthausen and Gusen. In 12.1941 a permanent gas chamber was built. C. 122,000‑360,000 of prisoners perished. Many Polish priests were held, including those captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). The camp complex was founded and run as a source for cheap labour for private enterprise. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw. Largest German prison in German‑led General Governorate. 100,000 prisoners went through it in the years 1939‑44, approx. 37,000 of which were murdered by the Germans in executions, during interrogations, in the cells or in the prison “hospital”. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Lebrechtsdorf (Potulice): In the autumn of 1939 after invasion of Poland Germans — i.e. „East” branch of Treuhandanstalt, Main Trust Office — took over the Society of Christ Fathers for Poles Living Abroad Congregation’s house in Potulice, following eviction of all remaining friars. Initially the estate was given to SS unit and SS non–commissioned officer's school was set up. In 1940 the estate was taken over by Resettlement Headquarters in Gdańsk and used as a transit camp for Poles prior to deportation to General Governorate. In 1941 the camp was made a sub‑camp of KL Stutthof concentration camp. From 01.02.1942 it was made an independent UWZ Lager Lebrechtsdorf resettlement camp for Poles. Till 1945 more than 1,297 Poles perished there, most of them children. After German defeat and end of II World War hostilities the Commie–Nazi authorities set up there Central Labour Camp for Germans. From overall population of c. 34,932 German prisoners c. 4,495 perished, including many children and elderly. From 1950 the buildings were used a prison for Polish political prisoners. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.10.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
nsz.com.pl [access: 2013.02.15], www.encyklo.pl [access: 2021.05.06], mtrojnar.rzeszow.opoka.org.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.katolicy.eu [access: 2021.05.06], patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl [access: 2014.11.28]
original images:
mtrojnar.rzeszow.opoka.org.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl [access: 2016.05.30], www.encyklo.pl [access: 2016.05.30], swjozef.stargard.pl [access: 2016.05.30], www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl [access: 2016.05.30], www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl [access: 2016.05.30], stara-strona.nsz.com.pl [access: 2010.08.11], www.historia.beskidia.pl [access: 2010.08.11], ziebice.eparafia.pl [access: 2010.08.11], dziennikzachodni.pl [access: 2010.08.11], www.patrimonium.chrystusowcy.pl [access: 2016.05.30], www.katedrapolowa.pl [access: 2014.01.16]

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