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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

DROZD

forename(s)

Gregory (pl. Grzegorz)

function

eparchial seminarian

creed

Ukrainian Greek Catholic
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Przemyśl eparchy
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

nationality

Ukrainian

date and place of birth

27.06.1914

Terka (Lesko county)

positions held

deacon (ordained on 16.06.1939), f. theology and philosophy student at Greek Catholic Theological Seminary in Przemyśl (1935‑9), married

date and place of death

08.1947

Jawornik (Sanok county)

cause of death

in a round-up

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation, unable to return to Theological Seminary in Przemyśl — Russians shut it down — settled in his family village, Terka. Stayed there also after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, and start of German occupation. Twice — in 1943 and on 28.04.1944 — turned to his superiors in Greek Catholic church with a request of dispense from deacon responsibilities. Became a member of Ukrainian genocidal OUN/UPA organizations. Perished after the end of military hostilities of the II World War from the hands of Commie–Nazi Polish troops.

perpetrators

Russians / Poles

others related in death

KARPYSZYN Basil, KUNCO Peter, SZCZESNIUK Adrian, WALUCH Bogdan

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Operation „Vistula”: Pacification action, ordered on 29.03.1947 and organized in 1947‑50 by Polish Commie–Nazi state prl — a follow–on of a forceful deportation in 1944‑6 of a part of Ukrainian population to the east, to the territories directly occupied by Russians — aimed at part of Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, active on the territories controlled by prl, responsible for so‑called „Volhynia genocide”. During the operation Polish units, supported by Russian army and Czechoslovakia (it locked down the border with Poland thus closing down possible escape routes), carried out a mass deportation of whole village and hamlets from south–east prl — Ukrainians and local ethnic groups of Boykos, Dolinyans and Lemkos, as well as mixed Polish–Ukrainian families — to Szczecin and Olsztyn voivodeships in northern and north–western prl. Altogether c. 140,000 civilians were deported, resulting in destroying a number of OUN/UPA units c. 1,500 fighters strong, and arrested and interned c. 2,900 alleged members of OUN/UPA (among others in Jaworzno concentration camp). (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.12.26])

Volhynia genocide: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volhynia and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 70,000 to 130,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after I World War (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑41, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volhynia, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished. This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑5 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: wolyn1943.eu.interiowo.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
dlibra.kul.pl [access: 2019.12.26]
bibliograhical:
„Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Bogdan Prach, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015

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