• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: svdgg.republika.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: svdgg.republika.pl
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis, source: wpolityce.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    source: wpolityce.pl
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis - Francis Kucharczak, contemporary image; source: from: „Witnesses of truth of this land”, John Kochel, Opole, 2016 (docplayer.pl), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    Francis Kucharczak, contemporary image
    source: from: „Witnesses of truth of this land”, John Kochel, Opole, 2016 (docplayer.pl)
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis - Commemorative medallion, source: www.kostuchna.katowice.opoka.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    Commemorative medallion
    source: www.kostuchna.katowice.opoka.org.pl
    own collection

religious status

blessed

surname

LIGUDA

forename(s)

Paul Louis (pl. Paweł Alojzy)

  • LIGUDA Paul Louis - Grave, parish cemetery, Winów, source: www.ngopole.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    Grave, parish cemetery, Winów
    source: www.ngopole.pl
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis - Commemorative plaque, church, Górna Grupa, source: svdgg.republika.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    Commemorative plaque, church, Górna Grupa
    source: svdgg.republika.pl
    own collection
  • LIGUDA Paul Louis - Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin, source: www.szczecin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLIGUDA Paul Louis
    Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin
    source: www.szczecin.pl
    own collection

beatification date

13.06.1999

John Paul II

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of the Divine Word (Verbites, Divine Word Missionaries, Steyler Missionaries - SVD)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

23.01.1898

Winów - Opole

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

26.05.1927 (St Gabriel (Maria Enzersdorf, Austria))

positions held

rector of the religious house in Górna Grupa, Polish philology lecturer on Poznań University

date and place of death

09.12.1942

KL Dachau

cause of death

extermination: medical experiments

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 29.10.1939. Interned to Górna Grupa transit camp. Transported next Neufahrwasser transit camp and from there to KL Stutthof concentration camp. Next stop, from 09.04.1940, was KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp and finally was transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished — martyred during the barbaric pseudo–extermination: medical experiments (the behaviour of human skin in icy waters was „studied”, the surviving victims had then skin often peeled off).

alt. dates and places of death

08.12.1942

perpetrators

Germans

biography (own resources)

click to read biography from our resources

others related in death

GOŁĄB Peter, KOZUBEK Roman, KUBISTA Stanislaus, SĄSAŁA Theodore, ANDRZEJCZAK Stanislaus Kostka, BUKOWY Stanislaus, DACHTERA Francis, FELCZAK Stanislaus, GLISZCZYŃSKI Francis, JANECKI Mieczyslav, KAŁUŻA Joseph, KŁOCZKOWSKI Mieczyslav John, KOCOT Joseph Francis, KOŁODZIEJ Stanislaus, KONOPIŃSKI Marian Vaclav, KULASIŃSKI Leo, LEŚNIEWICZ Louis, LIS Thomas, ŁAGODA Leo, NOWICKI Casimir, PAJDO Francis, RYGUS Leo, SEJBUK Czeslav, SEWIŁŁO Stanislaus, STABRAWA Joseph, STACHOWSKI Bruno, STOPCZAK Marian, TRZASKOMA John, ZUSKE Stanislaus Witold

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Medical experiments: Criminal medical experiments conducted by German specialists on concentration camp inmates. Among tests, in KL Dachau, KL Auschwitz, KL Buchenwald and other camps, performed by German murderers were malaria injections, liver tests, injections of tuberculosis, typhoid, phlegmon germs, flying tests (in pressure chambers), blood crystallization and coagulation tests, hypothermia, sterilization, starvation tests, etc. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22604): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former olympic village from 1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

Neufahrwasser: Neufahrwasser (Gdańsk — Nowy Port) was a transit camp organised by the Germans in 1939 for Polish prisoners, chiefly as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania. Z Neufahrwasser prisoners were being sent to KL Stutthof concentration camp or directly to execution sites. The camp was closed in 04.1940. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2013.08.10], ofiaromwojny.republika.pl [access: 2013.12.04])

Górna Grupa: From 10.1939 till approx. 04.1940 in Górna Grupa in Divine Word Missionaries (SVD) congregation house Germans organised — as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — a transit camp for Poles, including 95 priests, from Świecie, Bydgoszcz, Chełmno, Grudziądz and Starogard Gdański counties. Approx. of them perished, including 17 that were subsequently executed in Mnichek‑Grupa. In the same place in 1945 Russians set up a concentration camp for Germans, among whom two priests perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23], www.kpbc.ukw.edu.pl [access: 2013.12.27])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23], www.kpbc.ukw.edu.pl [access: 2013.12.27], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23], dziedzictwo.ekai.pl [access: 2012.11.23], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.10.13], www.swzygmunt.knc.pl [access: 2013.05.19]
original images:
svdgg.republika.pl [access: 2013.06.23], wpolityce.pl [access: 2015.09.30], docplayer.pl [access: 2018.02.15], www.kostuchna.katowice.opoka.org.pl [access: 2019.04.16], www.ngopole.pl [access: 2014.01.16], svdgg.republika.pl [access: 2014.03.10], www.szczecin.pl [access: 2014.09.21]

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