• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • KULASIŃSKI Leo; source: Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, „M Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939—1945”, Włocławek-Płock 2002, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKULASIŃSKI Leo
    source: Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, „M Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939—1945”, Włocławek-Płock 2002
    own collection

surname

KULASIŃSKI

forename(s)

Leo (pl. Leon)

  • KULASIŃSKI Leo - Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKULASIŃSKI Leo
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Płock diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

14.03.1911

Sierpc
Sierpc Cou., Masovia voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

22.09.1935

positions held

vicar in Płock and chaplain of Holy Trinity hospital in Płock Płocku (1936‑40), f. vicar of Tłuchów parish (1935‑6)

date and place of death

23.11.1941

KL Dachau
concentration camp, Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria, Germany

cause of death

murder

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World War joined the refuge crowd and went to Warsaw. There reported to minister at Baby Jesus hospital but after start of German occupation arrested by the Germans in 10.1939. For 12 days jailed in Pawiak prison. Released. Went back to Płock. Arrested by the Germans again on 05.04.1940. Jailed in Płock prison and next on 12.04.1940 transported to KL Soldau concentration camp. From there on 18‑19.04.1940 transported to KL Dachau concentration, and next on 25‑26.05.1940 to KL Gusen I concentration camp (part of Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camps’ complex) where he slaved in quarries. Totally exhausted on 15.08.1940 taken back to KL Dachau where perished in camp’s „hospital” —„experimentally”, i.e. „surgically”, treated by Germans for tuberculosis and lung ailments he suffered from.

alt. dates and places of death

24.11.1941

perpetrators

Germans

comments

The urn containing the ashes of the victim — the body was prob. cremated at Germ. Ostfriedhof (Eng. Eastern cemetery) in Munich — is being kept in Am Perlacher Forst cemetery, at place known as Germ. Ehrenhain I (Eng. „Remembrance Grove nr 1”), in Munich (marked as urn no K1696)

others related in death

ANDRZEJCZAK Stanislaus Kostka, BUKOWY Stanislaus, DACHTERA Francis, FELCZAK Stanislaus, GLISZCZYŃSKI Francis, JANECKI Mieczyslav, KAŁUŻA Joseph, KŁOCZKOWSKI Mieczyslav John, KOCOT Joseph Francis, KOŁODZIEJ Stanislaus, KONOPIŃSKI Marian Vaclav, LEŚNIEWICZ Louis, LIGUDA Paul Louis, LIS Thomas, ŁAGODA Leo, NOWICKI Casimir, PAJDO Francis, RYGUS Leo, SEJBUK Czeslav, SEWIŁŁO Stanislaus, STABRAWA Joseph, STACHOWSKI Bruno, STOPCZAK Marian, TRZASKOMA John, ZUSKE Stanislaus Witold

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Medical experiments: Criminal medical experiments conducted by German specialists on concentration camp inmates. Among tests, in KL Dachau, KL Auschwitz, KL Buchenwald and other camps, performed by German murderers were malaria injections, liver tests, injections of tuberculosis, typhoid, phlegmon germs, flying tests (in pressure chambers), blood crystallization and coagulation tests, hypothermia, sterilization, starvation tests, etc. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 3935, 15045): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Gusen I: „Grade III” (niem. „Stufe III”) camp, part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex, intended for the „Incorrigible political enemies of the Reich”. The prisoners slaved at a nearby granite quarry, but also in local private companies: at SS guards houses' construction at a nearby Sankt Georgen for instance. Initially opened in 05.1940 as the „camp for Poles”, captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). Till the end most of the prisoners were Poles. Many Polish priests from the Polish regions incorporated in the Germany were brought there in 1940, after start of German occupation of Poland, from KL Sachsenhausen and KL Dachau concentration camps. (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Mauthausen-Gusen (prisoner no: 1339): A large group of German concentration camps set up around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, c. 30 km east of Linz, operational from 1938 till 05.1945. Over time it became of the largest labour camp complexes in the German–controlled part of Europe encompassing four major camps concentration camps (Mauthausen, Gusen I, Gusen II and Gusen III) and more than 50 sub–camps where inmates slaved in quarries (the granite extracted, previously used to pave the streets of Vienna, was intended for a complete reconstruction of major German towns according to Albert Speer plans), munitions factories, mines, arms factories and Me 262 fighter–plane assembly plants. The complex served the needs of the German war machine and also carried out extermination through labour. Initially did not have a its own gas chamber and the intended victims were mostly moved to the infamous Hartheim Castle, 40.7 km east, or killed by lethal injection and cremated in the local crematorium. Later a van with the exhaust pipe connected to the inside shuttled between Mauthausen and Gusen. In 12.1941 a permanent gas chamber was built. C. 122,000‑360,000 of prisoners perished. Many Polish priests were held, including those captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). The camp complex was founded and run as a source for cheap labour for private enterprise. (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Soldau: KL Soldau concentration camp (in modern Działdowo city) — since the pre–war Polish Działdowo county was incorporated into Germ. Regierungsbezirk Allenstein (Eng. Olsztyn regency) the camp was located in occupied territories where general German law was in force, i.e. in Germany proper — was founded in 09.1939, when in former barracks of 32nd Infantry Regiment of Polish Army Germans set up a temporary camp for POW captured during September 1939 campaign. In autumn 1939 was also used as police jail. In 1939‑40 changed into niem. „ Durchgangslager für polnische Zivilgefangene” (Eng. Transit Camp for Polish Civilians), prior to transport to other concentration camps. In reality it was used then as a place of extermination of Polish intelligentsia within Germ. Intelligenzaktion genocidal program and extermination of sick and disabled within Aktion T4 program. Next in 05.1940 the camp was changed again into niem. Arbeitserziehungslager (Eng. Work Education Camp), and finally into penal comp for criminal and political prisoners, most of whom were sentenced to death. In 1939‑41 Germans imprisoned, maltreated and tortured in KL Soldau hundreds of Polish priests and religious. Approx. 80 priests, religious and nuns perished. They were murdered in the camp itself, by a shot into a head, or in places of mass executions in nearby forests — Białuty forest, Malinowo forets, Komorniki. Dates and precise locations of these murders remain unknown. Altogether in KL Soldau approx. 15,000 prisoners were murdered, including thousands victims — patients of psychiatric institutions (within Aktion T4 plan). (more on: mazowsze.hist.pl [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02])

Płock: Detention centre and prison run by Germans.

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw. Largest German prison in German‑led General Governorate. 100,000 prisoners went through it in the years 1939‑44, approx. 37,000 of which were murdered by the Germans in executions, during interrogations, in the cells or in the prison “hospital”. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
michaelstanislaus.salon24.pl [access: 2012.06.01], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.10.13], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23]
bibliograhical:
„Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939‑1945”, Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, Włocławek–Płock 2002
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Urns kept at the Am Perlacher Forst cemetery — analysis”, Mr Gregory Wróbel, curator of the Museum of Independence Traditions in Łódź, private correspondence, 25.05.2020

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