• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • LATOCHA Alphonse, source: 041940.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLATOCHA Alphonse
    source: 041940.pl
    own collection
  • LATOCHA Alphonse, source: encyklo.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLATOCHA Alphonse
    source: encyklo.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

LATOCHA

forename(s)

Alphonse (pl. Alfons)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • LATOCHA Alphonse - Commemorative plague, St Matthew parish church, Ogrodzona, source: www.ck.debowiec.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLATOCHA Alphonse
    Commemorative plague, St Matthew parish church, Ogrodzona
    source: www.ck.debowiec.com.pl
    own collection
  • LATOCHA Alphonse - Grave plaque, cenotaph, church cemetery, Ustroń, source: www.nieobecni.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLATOCHA Alphonse
    Grave plaque, cenotaph, church cemetery, Ustroń
    source: www.nieobecni.com.pl
    own collection
  • LATOCHA Alphonse - Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLATOCHA Alphonse
    Commemorative plaque, Christ the King cathedral, Katowice
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • LATOCHA Alphonse - Silesian Theological Seminary commemorative plaque, Katowice, 3 Mickiewicza str., source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOLATOCHA Alphonse
    Silesian Theological Seminary commemorative plaque, Katowice, 3 Mickiewicza str.
    source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Katowice diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of death

05.06.1942

on Vienna - KL Dachau road
Austria, Bavaria, Germany

alt. dates and places of death

04.06.1942

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, moved to homeland in Ustroń, c. 10 km from his Ogrodzona parish. There arrested on 20.06.1941 (or 23.04.1940, or 20.04.1941) by the Germans. For half a year incarcerated in Cieszyn prison. Next moved to Zwickau prison. There formally released and sent back to Cieszyn under escort. On arrival however German Gestapo did not free him but sent to KL Auschwitz concentration camp, where was held in a penal unit in „Rajsko” sub‑camp. Finally on 03.06.1942 transported out to KL Dachau concentration camp. Did not reach destination alive — perished in transport, prob. during short stop in Vienna.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

07.10.1906

Ustroń
Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv.

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

21.06.1931

positions held

1938–1941 — administrator {parish: Ogrodzonej, St Matthew}
1938 — vicar {parish: Strumień, St Barbara}
1932–1938 — chaplain {Strumień, to Notre Dame Sisters}
1931 — vicar {parish: Michałowice, St Michael the Archangel}
1926–1931 — student {Kraków, Department of Theology, Jagiellonian University UJ}
1926–1923 — student {Kraków, philosophy and theology, Seminary; dioc.: Katowice}

comments

The urn containing the ashes of the victim — the body was prob. cremated at Germ. Ostfriedhof (Eng. Eastern cemetery) in Munich — is being kept in Am Perlacher Forst cemetery, at place known as Germ. Ehrenhain I (Eng. „Remembrance Grove nr 1”), in Munich (marked as urn no K3856)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 30262): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 34877): German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Zwickau: German harsh penal institution.

Cieszyn: Remand jail run by German political police Gestapo — in the southern part (today: Czech) of town — and investigative prison — in northern (Polish) side, on the other bank of Olza river — run by Germans. In 1940 the prisoners were initially held in Cieszyn jail but next, due to an overcrowding, taken to former Josef and Jacob Kohn furniture manufacturing plant, by Frydecka Str. and Jabłonkowa Str. junction on the southern bank of Olza, where a transit camp was set up. The prisoners — more than 1,000 Poles went through the camp — were interrogated and whipped with horsewhips, prior to being sent to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.10])

Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: Organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940 planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — aiming at total Germanisation of the region. Some of the arrested were executed in mass murders, some where incarcerated in German concentration camps (priests, for instance, were moved to KL Dachau and then to KL Gusen where they slave in quarries) where most did not come back from, some were deported to German‑run General Governorate. Altogether Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
silesia.edu.pl [access: 2019.10.13], www.klemens.beskidy.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.sbc.org.pl [access: 2016.04.23], 041940.pl [access: 2016.04.23], newsaints.faithweb.com [access: 2014.01.06]
bibliograhical:
„Urns kept at the Am Perlacher Forst cemetery — analysis”, Mr Gregory Wróbel, curator of the Museum of Independence Traditions in Łódź, private correspondence, 25.05.2020
original images:
041940.pl [access: 2016.04.23], encyklo.pl [access: 2016.04.23], www.ck.debowiec.com.pl [access: 2017.11.07], www.nieobecni.com.pl [access: 2020.05.25], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.01.06], www.bj.uj.edu.pl [access: 2013.05.19]

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