• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • KOWALSKI Joseph, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWALSKI Joseph
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection
  • KOWALSKI Joseph, source: braciawasowicz.blogspot.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWALSKI Joseph
    source: braciawasowicz.blogspot.com
    own collection
  • KOWALSKI Joseph - c. 26.06.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.salesiansireland.ie), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWALSKI Joseph
    c. 26.06.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.salesiansireland.ie)
    own collection
  • KOWALSKI Joseph - c. 26.06.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.salesiansireland.ie), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWALSKI Joseph
    c. 26.06.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.salesiansireland.ie)
    own collection
  • KOWALSKI Joseph - c. 26.06.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.salesiansireland.ie), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWALSKI Joseph
    c. 26.06.1941, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (www.salesiansireland.ie)
    own collection
  • KOWALSKI Joseph - Contemporary painting, source: wsdts.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWALSKI Joseph
    Contemporary painting
    source: wsdts.pl
    own collection
  • KOWALSKI Joseph - Contemporary painting, source: www.diecezja.rzeszow.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWALSKI Joseph
    Contemporary painting
    source: www.diecezja.rzeszow.pl
    own collection
  • KOWALSKI Joseph - Contemporary painting, source: mtrojnar.rzeszow.opoka.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWALSKI Joseph
    Contemporary painting
    source: mtrojnar.rzeszow.opoka.org.pl
    own collection

religious status

blessed

surname

KOWALSKI

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

  • KOWALSKI Joseph - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus Kostka, Cracow, Pułaskiego str., source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWALSKI Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus Kostka, Cracow, Pułaskiego str.
    source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl
    own collection
  • KOWALSKI Joseph - Commemorative plaque, Sacred Heart of Jesus basilica, Warsaw, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWALSKI Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, Sacred Heart of Jesus basilica, Warsaw
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection
  • KOWALSKI Joseph - Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin, source: www.szczecin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWALSKI Joseph
    Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin
    source: www.szczecin.pl
    own collection

beatification date

13.06.1999

John Paul II

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of St Francis de Sales (Salesian Society, - SDB)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

st Jack Cracow Inspectorate SDB
Cracow archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

13.03.1911

Siedliska
Rzeszów pow., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland

religious vows

29.06.1934 (last)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

29.05.1938 (St Francis of Assisi basilica in Cracow)

positions held

Cracow–Dębniki monastery (1938‑41), secretary to the head of Cracow Inspectorate

date and place of death

04.07.1942

KL Auschwitz
concentration camp, Oświęcim, Oświęcim gm., Oświęcim pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland

cause of death

murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War arrested by the Germans on 23.05.1941, jailed in Montelupich prison in Cracow. From there on 26.06.1941 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. Excluded from the transport of Catholic priests to KL Dachau on 31.05.1942, for refusal to stamp on the rosary. Murdered — drowned by Germans in a ditch with excrements.

perpetrators

Germans

biography (own resources)

click to read biography from our resources

others related in death

ANTONOWICZ Ignatius Thaddeus, CZADERNA Joseph, DOBIASZ Ignatius, HARAZIM Francis Louis, MROCZEK Louis, NIEMIR Vladislav, PACIOREK Joseph, ŚWIERC John, WOJCIECHOWSKI Casimir, WYBRANIEC Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 17350): German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

KL Dachau: KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Cracow (Montelupich): Cracow penal prison run by the Germans. In 1940‑4 Germans jailed there approx. 50,000 prisoners, mainly Poles and Jews. Some of them were transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp, some were executed. After cease in war effort the prison was used by UB — a Polish unit of Russian NKVD — as a prison for Polish independence resistance fighters, some of which were subsequently sent to prisons and slave labour camps in Russia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

23.05.1941 arrests (Cracow): On 23.05.1941 Germans arrested in Cracow 10 Salesian Fathers (two others were apprehended few days earlierl yet two others were arrested few days later in Kielce), ostensibly for assumed collaboration with Polish resistance movement (part of future Polish Clandestine State) and support and help given to Polish army officers in hiding. All were taken to Montelupich Str. prison and next to German KL Auschwitz concentration camp, where only two survived. Most of the rest where cruelly murdered. (more on: cejsh.icm.edu.pl [access: 2017.11.07])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
swzygmunt.knc.pl [access: 2012.11.23]
original images:
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.11.06], braciawasowicz.blogspot.com [access: 2016.11.06], www.salesiansireland.ie [access: 2016.11.06], www.salesiansireland.ie [access: 2016.11.06], www.salesiansireland.ie [access: 2016.11.06], wsdts.pl [access: 2016.11.06], www.diecezja.rzeszow.pl [access: 2016.11.06], mtrojnar.rzeszow.opoka.org.pl [access: 2016.11.06], www.bj.uj.edu.pl [access: 2013.05.19], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04], www.szczecin.pl [access: 2014.09.21]

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