Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Joseph (pl. Józef)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
Society of Jesus (Jesuits - SI)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
Greater Poland-Mazovian province SI
date and place of death
Puck pow., Pomerania voiv.
alt. dates and places of death
Stegna gm., Nowy Dwór Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv.
details of death
After German invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War arrested by the Germans for the first time on 14.09.1939 (right before Russian invasion of Poland). Released after a week. Next summoned with other Jesuits to German Gestapo station in Kamienna Góra (Gdynia) on 24.10.1939 and there arrested by the Germans. On 25.10.1939 imprisoned in Neufahrwasser transit camp. On 02.10.1939 transported to KL Stutthof concentration camp. Finally from there taken to Piaśnica execution site and murdered.
alt. details of death
It is possible that was murdered in Stegna forests, not far from KL Stutthof camp.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Pińczów pow., Holy Cross voiv.
presbyter (holy orders)/
rector of Jesuit college and director of private Gymnasium and Lyceum for Boys in Gdynia Orłowo, (1937‑9), f. friar of Vilnius monastery (1929‑37, 1923‑5) —history and geography professor and lecturer and scout prefect in St Casimir Gymnasium, f. history student at Vilnius University, f. theology student in Lublin (1926‑9), Cracow (1925‑6), f. friar of Chyrów monastery (1922‑3) — educator and history and geography teacher in Jesuits’ Education and Science Institute — gymnasium, novitiate 1913‑4, f. philosophy student in Nowy Sącz (1919‑22), novitiate 1913‑4, in Congregation in Stara Wieś monastery from 30.07.1913
others related in death
ANGRYK Louis, BIEŃKOWSKI John, BLAJER Blase, BŁAŻEWSKI Ignatius, BORYSIAK John, BRODOWSKI John, DUNAJSKI Peter, FIEREK Anastasius, FITTKAU Edmund, GASIŃSKI Louis, GLISZCZYŃSKI John, GŁOWA Czeslav, HEINIG Julius, HOEFT Joseph Walter, JAKUBOWSKI John, JAMRÓG Witold (Fr Henry), JÓŹWIAK Joanna, KALISZ Casimir, KASZUBOWSKI Louis, KITZERMANN Francis, KNITTER Louis, KOTOWSKA Mary Hedwig (Sr Alice), KRĘCKI Anastasius, LABUDA Bronislaus, LEHMANN Joseph, MOJKOWSKI Julian, MÓWIŃSKI Joseph, NIKLEWSKI Felix, OLKIEWICZ Bruno, PIÓRKOWSKI Louis, PRONOBIS Adalbert, PRZYBYSZ Francis, RACKI Czeslav, ROMPCA Leo, SARNOWSKI Robert Joseph, SUDY Charles, SZYNALEWSKI Francis Xavier, SZYPNIEWSKI Vladislav, TURZYŃSKI Theodore Emilian, UGOFOWSKI Francis, WARCZAK Augustine, WĄTRÓBSKI Adalbert, WIELEWSKI Vladislav, WILEMSKI Czeslav Casimir, WILEMSKI Paul Felix, WITKOWSKI Boleslaus, WOHLFEIL Edmund, ZAKRZEWSKI John, ZĄBEK Edmund Leopold, ŻUREK Mieczyslav
camps (+ prisoner no)
Piaśnica: In Piaśnica, from 10.1939 till 04.1940 Germans murdered 12,000‑14,000 Poles from Gdańsk region, mainly Polish intelligentsia, in mass executions. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23])
KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])
Neufahrwasser: Neufahrwasser (Gdańsk — Nowy Port) was a transit camp organised by the Germans in 1939 for Polish prisoners, chiefly as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania. Z Neufahrwasser prisoners were being sent to KL Stutthof concentration camp or directly to execution sites. The camp was closed in 04.1940. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2013.08.10], ofiaromwojny.republika.pl [access: 2013.12.04])
Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2013.08.10], ofiaromwojny.republika.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23], work.brp.pl [access: 2012.12.28], biblioteka.wejherowo.pl [access: 2013.05.19], archive.today [access: 2014.05.09]
„Jesuits on Polish and Lithuanian territory knowledge encyclopedia, 1564‑1995”, Fr Louis Grzebień SI (editor), WAM Printing House, Cracow 1996
biblioteka.wejherowo.pl [access: 2013.05.19], bibliotekacyfrowa.eu [access: 2020.05.30], www.sowiniec.com.pl [access: 2016.03.14], college.holycross.edu [access: 2013.05.19], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.05.09]
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