• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary), source: www.franciszkanie.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    source: www.franciszkanie.pl
    own collection
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary), source: skarbykosciola.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    source: skarbykosciola.pl
    own collection
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary), source: mkolbe.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    source: mkolbe.pl
    own collection
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary), source: zyciorysy.info, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    source: zyciorysy.info
    own collection
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary), source: louisgrignion.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    source: louisgrignion.pl
    own collection
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary), source: samequizy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    source: samequizy.pl
    own collection
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary) - 1940, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    1940
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary) - Contemporary image; source: Lukas Janecki, „Biographical-bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939—45”, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    Contemporary image
    source: Lukas Janecki, „Biographical-bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939—45”, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016
    own collection

religious status

saint

surname

KOLBE

forename(s)

Raymond (pl. Rajmund)

religious forename(s)

Maximilian Mary (pl. Maksymilian Maria)

  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary) - Monument, St Matthew church, Pabianice, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    Monument, St Matthew church, Pabianice
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary) - Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str., source: www.sowiniec.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str.
    source: www.sowiniec.com.pl
    own collection
  • KOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary) - Commemorative plaque, Our Lady the Immaculate church, Harmęże, source: www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOLBE Raymond (Fr Maximilian Mary)
    Commemorative plaque, Our Lady the Immaculate church, Harmęże
    source: www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl
    own collection

beatification date

17.10.1971

Paul VI

canonisation date

10.10.1982

John Paul II

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans - OFMConv)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Immaculate Mary province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Philosophy
Doctor of Theology

date and place of birth

08.01.1894

Zduńska Wola

religious vows

05.09.1911 (temporary)
01.11.1914 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

28.04.1918 (Sant'Andrea della Valle church in Rome)

positions held

guardian of Niepokalanów monastery (1926‑41) — director of the printing house and short–wave broadcasting station, f. member of the Board of Polish Union of Dailies and Magazines’ Editors (from 1937), f. missionary in Japan (1931‑5) — founder of Japanese Niepokalanów monastery in Nagasaki (1931) and founder of Japanese version of „Knight of the Immaculate” magazine, f. guardian of Niepokalanów monastery (1927‑30) — monastery’s founder and editor of „Knight of the Immaculate”, „Little Daily” (from 1935), „Little Knight of the Immaculate” (from 1933), „ Small Knight of the Immaculate” (from 1938), „Missionary Bulletin” (from 1939), f. friar of Cracow monastery (from c. 1922) — editor of „Knight of the Immaculate” monthly and founder of a printing house in Grodno, f. friar of Lviv monastery (c. 1920) — novitiate director, f. friar of Cracow monastery (1919‑20) — Church history lecturer in Franciscan Seminary, f. PhD theology student at Pontifical St Bonaventure Theological Department św. Bonawentury Seraphicum in Rome (till 1919), cofounder of Pia Unio Militia Immaculatae —Knigths’ Union of the Immaculate (1917),f. PhD philosophy student at Pontifical Gregorian University Gregorianum in Rome (till 1916), f. theology and philosophy student at International Seraphic College in Rome, Theological Seminary in Cracow (from 1912), novitiate 04.09.1910

date and place of death

14.08.1941

KL Auschwitz

cause of death

murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 19.09.1939 in Niepokalanów. Interned in POW camps (in Lamsdorf, Amtitz — from 22.09.1939 and Schildberg — from 09.11.1939). Released on 08.12.1939. Next on 17.02.1941 arrested again by the Germans for hiding of more than 1,500 Jews in Niepokalanów monastery buildings (among others). Jailed in Pawiak prison in Warsaw. On 04.04.1941 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp where perished: volunteered to replace a person sentenced to death in a so‑called „starvation bunker” and was finally murdered with a phenol injection.

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

BAJEWSKI John Eugene (Fr Antoninus), BARTOSIK Louis (Fr Pius Mary), TROJANOWSKI Stanislaus Anthony (Bro. Timothy), ŻUKOWSKI Peter (Bro. Boniface)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 16670): German KL Auschwitz (today: Oświęcim) concentration and death camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 on the German territory. Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the camp, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was KL Birkenau, not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw. Largest German prison in German‑led General Governorate. 100,000 prisoners went through it in the years 1939‑44, approx. 37,000 of which were murdered by the Germans in executions, during interrogations, in the cells or in the prison “hospital”. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Stalag XXI A Schildberg: Stalag XXI A Schildberg — German POW camp complex located in Schildberg (today: Ostrzeszów). Almost all inhabitants of the town were evicted to make space for the camp. During initial period 1939‑40 civilians (c. 12,000) were also held there — apart from Polish POWs — brought from all over Poland, including Franciscan Fathers from Niepokalanów (11.11.1939‑08.12.1939). Later British and Norwegian POWs, among others, were held captive. In practice operated also as a Germ. Durchgangslager (Eng. transit camp). In 1939‑45 c. 125,000 Polish and Allied POWs were held there. In peak up to 30,000 were incarcerated. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.11.17])

Stalag III B Fürstenberg/Oder – Amtitz branch: Stalag III B Fürstenberg/Oder — German POW camp. Founded in Fürstenberg/Oder (today part of Eisenhüttenstadt). POWs slaved at weapons and chemicals manufacture, among others. In 1938 in Amtitz (today Gębice) the camp’s branch, functioning in 1938‑43, was constructed. Initially a few dozen Czechs were held there. After German attack of Poland in 09.1939 Poles were brought in, including c. 100 priests and friars (among them bl. Maximilian Kolbe). Altogether c. 20,000‑25,000 prisoners were held captive. From 1940 a transit camp for people sent subsequently for slave labour deep into Germany. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.11.06])

Stalag VIII B Lamsdorf: Stalag VIII B Lamsdorf (from 1943 Stalag 344 Lamsdorf) — German POW camp in Łambinowice, mainly for privates and NCOs. In 1930‑40 in excess of 40,000 Poles where kept there. Altogether c. 100,000 prisoners from Australia, Belgium, British India, British Palestine, Canada, France, Greece, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, South Africa, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom, the Isle of Man, the United States and Yugoslavia passed through this camp. In 1941 a separate camp, Stalag VIII–F was set up close by to house the Soviet prisoners. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.11.17])

Help to the Jews: During II World War on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered. (more on: www.naszdziennik.pl [access: 2013.08.31])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.bj.uj.edu.pl [access: 2012.11.23]
original images:
www.franciszkanie.pl [access: 2019.04.16], skarbykosciola.pl [access: 2019.04.16], mkolbe.pl [access: 2019.04.16], zyciorysy.info [access: 2019.04.16], louisgrignion.pl [access: 2019.04.16], samequizy.pl [access: 2019.04.16], commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2019.04.16], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.01.16], www.sowiniec.com.pl [access: 2014.07.11], www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl [access: 2014.03.21]

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