• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • JARUSZEWSKI Bernard, source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJARUSZEWSKI Bernard
    source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

JARUSZEWSKI

forename(s)

Bernard

function

diocesan seminarian

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23]

date and place of birth

21.09.1916

Toruń

positions held

theology student at Theological Seminary in Pelplin — year IV

date and place of death

11.02.1945

KL Gusen I

cause of death

murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, not being able to return from his holidays to the Theological Seminary in Pelplin went to home town Toruń and started working. Arrested by the Germans in autumn of 1943. Jailed in Bydgoszcz prison. From there taken to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. Next on 06.12.1944 transported — in a group of 1,104 prisoners, including 900 Poles — to KL Mauthausen concentration camp (part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camps’ complex). Finally on 20.12.1944 moved to KL Gusen I concentration camp (officially to „Kommando Gusen” in the same concentration camps’ complex) where slaved in quarries and where was murdered — finished off, when totally physically exhausted, by phenol injection (officially — „from typhoid”).

alt. dates and places of death

12.02.1945

KL Gusen II

alt. details of death

According to official German documents perished on 12.02.1945 at 5:00 am. It is possible that after arrival in KL Mauthausen–Gusen was on 20.02.1944 transferred — in a group of 294 former KL Auschwitz prisoners — to KL Gusen II concentration camp where slaved in „Bergkristall” industrial factory, at construction of tunnels dozens of kilometers long used for construction of „Messerschmitt” airplanes for German Luftwaffe (in 1938‑45 c. 45,000 people perished there). It is also possible that was moved to one of KL Mauthausen–Gusen sub‑camps, e.g. Melk (working at construction of underground hall where Steyr–Daimler–Puch company’s weaponry was made), or Ebensee (at construction of huge underground factory halls used for research activities at A9/A10 intercontinental rocket, engine fuel production and tank and truck engine parts manufactured by Steyr–Daimler–Puch– und Nibelungenwerke companies).

perpetrators

Germans

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Gusen I: „Grade III” (niem. „Stufe III”) camp, part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex, intended for the „Incorrigible political enemies of the Reich”. The prisoners slaved at a nearby granite quarry, but also in local private companies: at SS guards houses' construction at a nearby Sankt Georgen for instance. Initially opened in 05.1940 as the „camp for Poles”, captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). Till the end most of the prisoners were Poles. Many Polish priests from the Polish regions incorporated in the Germany were brought there in 1940, after start of German occupation of Poland, from KL Sachsenhausen and KL Dachau concentration camps. (more on:  en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Gusen II: Concentration camp, part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex, set up in 03.1944 in a former SS depot. The prisoners slaved at a nearby granite quarry, but also in local private companies. The camp contained c. 12,000‑17,000 inmates, who were deprived of even the most basic facilities. (more on:  en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Mauthausen-Gusen (prisoner no: 112147): A large group of German concentration camps set up around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, c. 30 km east of Linz, operational from 1938 till 05.1945. Over time it became of the largest labour camp complexes in the German–controlled part of Europe encompassing four major camps concentration camps (Mauthausen, Gusen I, Gusen II and Gusen III) and more than 50 sub–camps where inmates slaved in quarries (the granite extracted, previously used to pave the streets of Vienna, was intended for a complete reconstruction of major German towns according to Albert Speer plans), munitions factories, mines, arms factories and Me 262 fighter–plane assembly plants. The complex served the needs of the German war machine and also carried out extermination through labour. Initially did not have a its own gas chamber and the intended victims were mostly moved to the infamous Hartheim Castle, 40.7 km east, or killed by lethal injection and cremated in the local crematorium. Later a van with the exhaust pipe connected to the inside shuttled between Mauthausen and Gusen. In 12.1941 a permanent gas chamber was built. C. 122,000‑360,000 of prisoners perished. Many Polish priests were held, including those captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). The camp complex was founded and run as a source for cheap labour for private enterprise. (more on:  en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Mauthausen: „Grade III” (niem. „Stufe III”) camp, part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex, intended for the „Incorrigible political enemies of the Reich”. The prisoners slaved at a nearby granite quarry, but also in local private companies. Set up in 08.1938 initially served as a prison camp for common criminals, prostitutes and other categories of „Incorrigible Law Offenders”, but on 08.05.1939 was converted into a labour camp for political prisoners. (more on:  en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Auschwitz: German KL Auschwitz (today: Oświęcim) concentration and death camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 on the German territory. Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the camp, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was KL Birkenau, not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Bydgoszcz (prison): Detention centre and court prison run by Germans. Those arrested in the detention centre were usually transported next to concentration cams. In 1945 the prison was evacuated — out 350 prisoners marched off from prison only 27 survived. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.10.05])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.10.05], www.hagiographycircle.com [access: 2012.11.23], www.gedenkstaetten.at [access: 2018.10.04], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.10.05]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965
Ms Bianka Geißler, International Tracing Service (ITS), Bad Arolsen, Germany (Archiv‑Nr. 8611), private correspondence, 25.04.2019
original images:
www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.05.19]

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