• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • HARMATA Joseph; source: Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), „Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939—1945”, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHARMATA Joseph
    source: Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), „Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939—1945”
    own collection

surname

HARMATA

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

  • HARMATA Joseph - Commemorative plaque, parish church, Kałków-Godów, source: www.stowarzyszenieuozun.wroclaw.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHARMATA Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, parish church, Kałków-Godów
    source: www.stowarzyszenieuozun.wroclaw.pl
    own collection
  • HARMATA Joseph - Plaque on a commemorative altar, Ostrówki, source: www3.tchr.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHARMATA Joseph
    Plaque on a commemorative altar, Ostrówki
    source: www3.tchr.org
    own collection

function

laybrother

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of Christ Fathers for Poles Living Abroad (Christ Fathers - SChr)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Lutsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

06.08.1917

Wola Ostrowiecka
f. Huszcza gm., Liuboml rai., Volyn obl., Ukraine

religious vows

19.03.1938 (last)

positions held

f. friar at Potulice Congregation's motherhouse (1935‑9) — ironworker, novitiate in Potulice Congregation's motherhouse (from 18.03.1936), in Congregation in Potulice Congregation's motherhouse from 18.08.1935

date and place of death

30.08.1943

Ostrówki
Liuboml rai., Volyn obl., Ukraine

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World left together with co‑friars and novitiate Potulice Congregation’s motherhouse — where Germans set up later UWZ Lager Lebrechtsdorf resettlement camp — and together with thousands of refugees marched out east. The plan was to reconvene in Łuck but Russian invasion of Poland, partnering German one, prevented that. Thus returned to his native region, as did most of the brothers and novices, and settled in Ostrówki that soon found themselves under Russian occupation. Helped parish priest of Ostrówki parish, among them Fr Stanislaus Dobrzański. After German attack in 08.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, and start of German occupation, during the genocide perpetrated by Ukrainians, known as „Volyn genocide”, murdered while celebrating Holy Mass by the genocidal Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization during slaughter of the village. At least 476 Poles were murdered, including infants, women and the elderly. Fr Stanislaus Dobrzański, the parish priest, was murdered as well.

perpetrators

Ukrainians

others related in death

DOBRZAŃSKI Stanislaus

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Ostrówki mass murder: On 29/30.08.1943 unit of the genocidal Ukrainian organisation OUN/UPA and local Ukrainian population attacked, overtaken and slaughter all Polish residents of Ostrówki village in Volyn. At least 474 Poles, including 145 men, 125 women and 204 children were brutally murdered. At a place called Death Field c. 300 people died — the victims were rounded off, then in groups of 10 forced to lie down and shot in the back of the head. The wounded were finished off with bayonets and rifle butts. The average age of the victims was 7. At the same time the same OUN/UPA unit attacked a nearby Wola Ostrowiecka village. With support of the local Ukrainians at least 628 Poles and 7 Jews, including 200 children up to 14 years old were slaughtered. The men under Mężczyzn, under the guise of medical examinations, were murdered in a shed with axes, hammers used for killing livestock, clubs and batons. Later women and children were killed in the same way. Finally Ukrainians set up the school building on fire. C. 150‑200 people were burnt alive. Those attempting to escape were shot. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.03.11])

Volyn genocide: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volyn and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 70,000 to 130,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after I World War (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑41, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volyn, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished. This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑5 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: wolyn1943.eu.interiowo.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Lebrechtsdorf (Potulice): In the autumn of 1939 after invasion of Poland Germans — i.e. „East” branch of Treuhandanstalt, Main Trust Office — took over the Society of Christ Fathers for Poles Living Abroad Congregation’s house in Potulice, following eviction of all remaining friars. Initially the estate was given to SS unit and SS non–commissioned officer's school was set up. In 1940 the estate was taken over by Resettlement Headquarters in Gdańsk and used as a transit camp for Poles prior to deportation to General Governorate. In 1941 the camp was made a sub‑camp of KL Stutthof concentration camp. From 01.02.1942 it was made an independent UWZ Lager Lebrechtsdorf resettlement camp for Poles. Till 1945 more than 1,297 Poles perished there, most of them children. After German defeat and end of II World War hostilities the Commie–Nazi authorities set up there Central Labour Camp for Germans. From overall population of c. 34,932 German prisoners c. 4,495 perished, including many children and elderly. From 1950 the buildings were used a prison for Polish political prisoners. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.10.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www3.tchr.org [access: 2018.10.04], nawolyniu.pl [access: 2013.01.06], www.chrystusowcy.pl [access: 2015.04.18]
bibliograhical:
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
original images:
www.stowarzyszenieuozun.wroclaw.pl [access: 2014.01.16], www3.tchr.org [access: 2017.05.20]

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