Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Bronislaus (pl. Bronisław)
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland
date and place of death
Schloss Hartheim - Alkoven, Eferding dist., Salzburg, Austria
alt. dates and places of death
08.07.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans in unknown circumstances (prob. in n. his homeland where was caught out by the outbreak of the war). On 08.02.1941 brought to KL Dachau concentration camp. Finally — totally exhausted — transferred in a so‑called „Invalid transport” to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center and murdered in a gas chamber.
cause of death
extermination: gassing in a gas chamber
date and place of birth
Wierzchlas. gm., Wieluń pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
vicar of Malin parish in Dubno county?
others related in death
GIZOWSKI Edmund, GLISZCZYŃSKI Francis, GŁADYSZ Bronislaus, GŁOGOWSKI Lawrence, GMEREK Czeslav, GODLEWSKI Julian, GOLĘDZINOWSKI John Ignatius, GOŁĘBIOWSKI Vladislav (Bro. Alex), GOSTYŃSKI Casimir, GOZDEK Adolph Roman, GÓRECKI Joseph, GRABARCZYK James, GRABARCZYK John, GRABAREK Bronislaus, GROCHOLSKI Edmund, GRODKIEWICZ John, GRONWALD Thaddeus Edward, GRYSZKA Thomas, GRZESIEK Francis, GUDER John, GURANOWSKI Sigismund Stanislaus, HAMERLING Casimir Valentine, HEINTZEL Joseph Leopold, HOFMAN Francis, HUCHRACKI Joseph (Fr Eusebius), JANIAK Steven, JARCZEWSKI John Alexander, JARZĘBIŃSKI Steven Dominic Alexander, JARZYNA Arcadius Casimir, JASKULSKI Telesphorus, JAŚKIEWICZ Joseph Benedykt, JAWORSKI Thomas, JĘDRYCHOWSKI John, KACZOROWSKI Henry, KALINOWSKI Leo, KAMIŃSKI Steven (Bro. Vaclav), KARBOWIAK John, KARCZEWSKI Apollinaris Casimir, KARCZEWSKI Steven, KASIŃSKI Stanislaus Lamberto, KATUSZEWSKI Felix, KICIŃSKI John, KISZKURNO Anthony, KOCHANOWICZ Bronislaus Stanislaus, KOCHANOWSKI Vladislav
camps (+ prisoner no)
TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30])
Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])
KL Dachau (prisoner no: 23742): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])
www.hdbg.de [access: 2012.11.23], www.duszki.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.luteranie.pl [access: 2021.09.20], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.05.30]
„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
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MARTYROLOGY: GUTKA Bronislaus
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