• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

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surname

GROCHOLSKI

forename(s)

Edmund

  • GROCHOLSKI Edmund - Commemorative plaque, Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOLSKI Edmund
    Commemorative plaque, Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań
    source: own collection
  • GROCHOLSKI Edmund - Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOLSKI Edmund
    Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań
    source: own collection
  • GROCHOLSKI Edmund - Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOLSKI Edmund
    Underground Resistance State monument, Poznań
    source: own collection
  • GROCHOLSKI Edmund - Altar, Martyrs' Chapel, St Peter and St Paul cathedral, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOLSKI Edmund
    Altar, Martyrs' Chapel, St Peter and St Paul cathedral, Poznań
    source: own collection
  • GROCHOLSKI Edmund - Commemorative plague, altar, Martyrs' Chapel, St Peter and St Paul cathedral, Poznań, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOLSKI Edmund
    Commemorative plague, altar, Martyrs' Chapel, St Peter and St Paul cathedral, Poznań
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Gniezno and Poznań archdiocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.archpoznan.pl
[access: 2012.11.23]

date and place of death

06.05.1942

KL Dachau - MunichGermany (Bavaria) – Austria

alt. dates and places of death

13.06.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 26.03.1940.

Jailed in Chludowo and Lubiń transit camps.

Next on 15.06.1940 moved to KL Buchenwald concentration camp where slaved in quarries.

From there on 06‑08.12.1940 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp.

Finally from there — totally exhausted — transported in a so‑called „invalid transport” towards TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center where was to be murdered in a gas chamber.

Did not reach the destination — prob. died during the first stage of the trip to TA Hartheim, on the way to Munich, and there dragged out of the truck and incinerated in city crematorium.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

11.03.1882

Wysocko Wielkietoday: Ostrów Wielkopolski gm., Ostrów Wielkopolski pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

10.02.1907 (Gnieznotoday: Gniezno urban gm., Gniezno pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
)

positions held

1935 – 1940

parish priest {parish: Czerlejnotoday: Kostrzyn gm., Poznań pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.25]
, Blessed Virgin Mary of the Assumption; dean.: Kostrzyntoday: Kostrzyn gm., Poznań pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
}

1919 – 1935

parish priest {parish: Gnintoday: Rakoniewice gm., Grodzisk Wielkopolski pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, St John the Baptist; dean.: Grodzisk Wielkopolskitoday: Grodzisk Wielkopolski gm., Grodzisk Wielkopolski pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
}

1918 – 1919

administrator {parish: Gnintoday: Rakoniewice gm., Grodzisk Wielkopolski pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, St John the Baptist; dean.: Grodzisk Wielkopolskitoday: Grodzisk Wielkopolski gm., Grodzisk Wielkopolski pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
}

1918

curatus/rector/expositus {parish: Środatoday: Środa Wielkopolska, Środa Wielkopolska gm., Środa Wielkopolska pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; church: Murzynowo Kościelnetoday: Dominowo gm., Środa Wielkopolska pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St John the Baptist; dean.: Środatoday: Środa Wielkopolska, Środa Wielkopolska gm., Środa Wielkopolska pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
}

1915 – 1918

vicar {parish: Chobienicetoday: Siedlec gm., Wolsztyn pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.03]
, St Peter in Shackles; dean.: Zbąszyńtoday: Zbąszyń gm., Nowy Tomyśl pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.20]
}

1913

vicar {parish: Wytomyśltoday: Nowy Tomyśl gm., Nowy Tomyśl pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, St Michael the Archangel; dean.: Lwówektoday: Lwówek gm., Nowy Tomyśl pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
}

1907 – 1915

curatus/rector/expositus {parish: Wytomyśltoday: Nowy Tomyśl gm., Nowy Tomyśl pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, St Michael the Archangel; church: Nowy Tomyśltoday: Nowy Tomyśl gm., Nowy Tomyśl pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Our Lady of Perpetual Help; dean.: Lwówektoday: Lwówek gm., Nowy Tomyśl pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
}

comments

The urn containing the ashes of the victim — the body was prob. cremated at Germ. Ostfriedhof (Eng. Eastern cemetery) in Munich — is being kept in Am Perlacher Forst cemetery, at place known as Germ. Ehrenhain I (Eng. „Remembrance Grove nr 1”), in Munich (marked as urn no K3938)

others related in death

GIZOWSKIClick to display biography Edmund, GLISZCZYŃSKIClick to display biography Francis, GŁADYSZClick to display biography Bronislaus, GŁOGOWSKIClick to display biography Lawrence, GMEREKClick to display biography Ceslaus, GODLEWSKIClick to display biography Julian, GOLĘDZINOWSKIClick to display biography John Ignatius, GOŁĘBIOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav (Bro. Alex), GOSTYŃSKIClick to display biography Casimir, GOZDEKClick to display biography Adolph Roman, GÓRECKIClick to display biography Joseph, GRABARCZYKClick to display biography James, GRABARCZYKClick to display biography John, GRABAREKClick to display biography Bronislaus, GRODKIEWICZClick to display biography John, GRONWALDClick to display biography Thaddeus Edward, GRYSZKAClick to display biography Joachim Thomas, GRZESIEKClick to display biography Francis, GUDERClick to display biography John, GURANOWSKIClick to display biography Sigismund Stanislaus, GUTKAClick to display biography Bronislaus, HAMERLINGClick to display biography Casimir Valentine, HEINTZELClick to display biography Joseph Leopold, HOFMANClick to display biography Francis, HUCHRACKIClick to display biography Joseph (Fr Eusebius), JANIAKClick to display biography Steven, JARCZEWSKIClick to display biography John Alexander, JARZĘBIŃSKIClick to display biography Steven Dominic Alexander, JARZYNAClick to display biography Arcadius Casimir, JASKULSKIClick to display biography Telesphorus, JAŚKIEWICZClick to display biography Joseph Benedykt, JAWORSKIClick to display biography Thomas, JĘDRYCHOWSKIClick to display biography John, KACZOROWSKIClick to display biography Henry, KALINOWSKIClick to display biography Leo, KAMIŃSKIClick to display biography Steven (Bro. Vaclav), KARBOWIAKClick to display biography John, KARCZEWSKIClick to display biography Apollinaris Casimir, KARCZEWSKIClick to display biography Steven, KASIŃSKIClick to display biography Stanislaus Lamberto, KATUSZEWSKIClick to display biography Felix, KICIŃSKIClick to display biography John, KISZKURNOClick to display biography Anthony, KOCHANOWICZClick to display biography Bronislaus Stanislaus, KOCHANOWSKIClick to display biography Vladislav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
)

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.31]
)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 21886Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

KL Buchenwald (prisoner no: 3738Click to display biography): In KL Buchenwald concentration camp, founded in 1937 and operational till 1945, Germans held c. 238,380 prisoners and murdered approx. 56,000 of them, among them thousands of Poles. Prisoners were victims of pseudo–scientific experiments, conducted among others by Behring–Werke from Marburg and Robert Koch Institute from Berlin companies. They slaved for Gustloff in Weimar and Fritz–Sauckel companies manufacturing armaments. To support Erla–Maschinenwerk GmbH in Leipzig, Junkers in Schönebeck (airplanes) and Rautal in Wernigerode Germans organized special sub–camps. In 1945 there were more than 100 such sub–camps. Dora concentration camp was initially one of them, as well as KL Ravensbrück sub–camps (from 08.1944). On 08.04.1945 Polish prisoner, Mr Guido Damazyn, used clandestinely constructed short wave transmitter to sent, together with a Russian prisoner, a short message begging for help. It was received and he got a reply: „KZ Bu. Hold out. Rushing to your aid. Staff of Third Army” (American). Three days later the camp was liberated. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

Lubiń: At the Benedictine abbey in Lubiń near Kościan, at the beginning of 1940, the Germans organized an temporary internment camp for priests and monks from Greater Poland. E.g. in 04.1941 Franciscan friars from Goruszki monastery were brought in. In total, 104 clergymen were held in the monastery. On 06.10.1941, as part of the third great operation of arrests of the Polish clergy of Greater Poland — more precisely, from the Germ. Reichsgau Wartheland province (Eng. Warta Country District), established in the German–occupied Greater Poland — all interned priests were transported to the KL Dachau concentration camp. Religious brothers were allowed to return to their family homes. The monastery was turned into an old people's home, and later as a training center for national–socialist German youth, Hitler–Jugend. Rich library collections and other goods were plundered. The Benedictines returned to the monastery on 25.01.1945, after the German defeat. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

Chludowo: In the Divine Word Missionary (SVD) congregation house, in 1940, Germans set up a transit camp for religious and priests from the nearby counties. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
)

02-03.1940 arrests (Warthegau): First large wave of arrests in 1940 of Polish clergy from German occupied Warthegau region (Greater Poland), started in fact in 01.1940 but the largest numbers of priest were held in 02‑03.1940. In accordance with a plan of „Ohne Gott, ohne Religion, ohne Priesters und Sakramenten” — „without God, without religion, without priest and sacrament” — drafted by the Gaulaiter of Warthegau, Artur Greiser, few hundred of Polish priests were interned in transit camps in Puszczykowo, Bruczków, Goruszki, Chludowo and KL Posen (Fort VII) concentration camp prior to transfer to concentration camps deep within Germany.

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
www.wtg-gniazdo.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.ipgs.usClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, arolsen-archives.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]

bibliograhical:, „Urns kept at the Am Perlacher Forst cemetery — analysis”, Mr Gregory Wróbel, curator of the Museum of Independence Traditions in Łódź, private correspondence, 25.05.2020

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MARTYROLOGY: GROCHOLSKI Edmund

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