• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • GRELEWSKI Steven, source: www.diecezja.radom.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRELEWSKI Steven
    source: www.diecezja.radom.pl
    own collection
  • GRELEWSKI Steven - Adalbert Wdowski, painting, Radom martyrs altar, Care of the Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral, Radom, source: fara.radom.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRELEWSKI Steven
    Adalbert Wdowski, painting, Radom martyrs altar, Care of the Blessed Virgin Mary cathedral, Radom
    source: fara.radom.pl
    own collection
  • GRELEWSKI Steven - Contemporary image, Theological Seminary, Radom?, source: diecezja.radom.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRELEWSKI Steven
    Contemporary image, Theological Seminary, Radom?
    source: diecezja.radom.pl
    own collection
  • GRELEWSKI Steven - Contemporary image, Adalbert Wdowski, Radom, source: parafiaklwow.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRELEWSKI Steven
    Contemporary image, Adalbert Wdowski, Radom
    source: parafiaklwow.pl
    own collection

religious status

blessed

surname

GRELEWSKI

forename(s)

Steven (pl. Stefan)

  • GRELEWSKI Steven - Commemorative plaque, Automotive Group of Schools, Radom, source: radom.city, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRELEWSKI Steven
    Commemorative plaque, Automotive Group of Schools, Radom
    source: radom.city
    own collection
  • GRELEWSKI Steven - Commemorative plaque to the fallen teachers of Radom. Słowackiego str., Radom, source: www.radom.ws, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRELEWSKI Steven
    Commemorative plaque to the fallen teachers of Radom. Słowackiego str., Radom
    source: www.radom.ws
    own collection
  • GRELEWSKI Steven - Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin, source: www.szczecin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRELEWSKI Steven
    Martyrs of the II World War Monument, St John the Baptist church, Szczecin
    source: www.szczecin.pl
    own collection

beatification date

13.06.1999

John Paul II

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Sandomierz diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Canon Law

date and place of death

09.05.1941

KL Dachau
Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria, Germany

details of death

Participant of Polish plebiscite preparations in Upper Silesia (1920‑1) — prob. was in Upper Silesia during II Upper Silesia uprising (19‑25.05.1920). From 09.1920 worked for Polish Plebiscite Committee in Bytom. Made numerous speaches. Published articles supporting Polish cause. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, organizer and participant of Polish clandestine educational network (part of emerging Polish Clandestine State). Arrested by the Germans on 24.01.1941 together with Fr. Casimir Grelewski and Fr Joseph Sznuro, during a German roundup of Polish teachers in Radom (participating among others in clandestine educational effort of young Poles — part of Polish Clandestine State). Jailed for a couple of days in Radom prison. From there transported to Skarżysko–Kamienna where after a larger transport was formed on 25.02.1941 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. Finally on 4.05.1941 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

03.07.1898

Dwikozy
Sandomierz pow., Holy Cross voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

12.10.1921 (Sandomierz cathedral)

positions held

1940–1941 — rector {church: Radom, Holy Trinity}
1940 — vicar {parish: Potworów, St Dorothy Virgin and Martyr; dean.: Potworów}
1932–1939 — prefect {Radom, John Kochanowski's State Junior High School for Men}
president {Radom, Association of Polish Intelligentsia}
chaplain {chapel: Radom, Holy Family; Charity Society}
1930–1935 — editor {magazine, „Catholic Truth”; also founder}
1928–1931 — prefect {Radom, primary schools for men}
1929–1931 — editor {„Annals of the Diocese of Sandomierz”}
1927–1931 — editor {biweekly, „Calling”; also founder}
from c. 1924 — General secretary {Radom, Christian Workers Association}
till 1924 — PhD student {Strasburg, canon law, Kaiser Wilhelm University (1872‑1918); France}
c. 1922 — PhD student {Lublin, Catholic University of Lublin KUL (since 1928), Catholic University of Lublin KUL — clandestine, underground (1939‑44), University of Lublin (1918‑1928)}
1919 — student {Lublin, Catholic University of Lublin KUL (since 1928), Catholic University of Lublin KUL — clandestine, underground (1939‑44), University of Lublin (1918‑1928)}
1916–1919 — student {Sandomierz, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}
1937 — {author of the work „Protestant Confessions and Religious Sects in Contemporary Poland”}
{translator from French and German}

biography (own resources)

click to read biography from our resources

comments

The urn containing the ashes of the victim — the body was prob. cremated at Germ. Ostfriedhof (Eng. Eastern cemetery) in Munich — is being kept in Am Perlacher Forst cemetery, at place known as Germ. Ehrenhain I (Eng. „Remembrance Grove nr 1”), in Munich (marked as urn no K777)

others related in death

DWORZAŃSKI Anthony, GRELEWSKI Casimir, SZNURO Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 25281): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 10444): German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Radom: The prison in Radom was established in 1817 by the Russian authorities (during partitions of Poland) and operated in the building of the former convent of the Benedictine Sisters. After the start of the German occupation in 09‑10.1939, Germans categorized the prison as a so‑called independent judicial prison, generally supervised by the Justice Department of the Government of the General Governorate, and within the district — by the Justice Department of the Governor's Office of the District of Radom. It was called interchangeably Germ. „Gefängnis Radom” (Eng. „Prison in Radom”) and Germ. „Deutsche Strafanstalt Radom" (Eng. „German prison in Radom”). The prison had three departments: women's, criminal, German, and from the end of 1942, the Germ. „Sonderabteilung” (Eng. „Special department”) managed by the German political police Gestapo. During the World War II, c. 18,000 people — mostly political prisoners — passed through it (14,170 files of inmates have survived). At least several thousand were murdered or taken to concentration camps. The prison operated under German supervision until c. 15.01.1945 (the last transport sent to KL Auschwitz left on 14.01.1945 — it only reached Częstochowa, and the rest of the prisoners were murdered by the Germans). After the end of the military operations of World War II and the beginning of the Russian occupation in 1945, members of Polish independence organizations were held there. On 09.09.1945 armed underground units (Freedom and Independence WiN and National Military Organization NOW, consisting of former members of the Home Army AK, „Jodła" region — part of the former Polish Clandestine State) commanded by Stefan Bembiński „Harnas", freed 292 inmates, including 60 former Home Army AK soldiers arrested by a unit of the Commie–Nazi Security Office of the UB (subordinate to the Russian NKVD). (more on: www.polskaniezwykla.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Silesian Uprisings: Three armed interventions of the Polish population against Germany in 1919‑21 aiming at incorporation of Upper Silesia and Opole region into Poland, after the revival of the Polish state in 1918. Took place in the context of a plebiscite ordered on the basis of the international treaty of Versailles of 28.06.1919, ending the First World War, that was to decide national fate of the disputed lands. The 1st Uprising took place on 16‑24.08.1919 and broke out spontaneously in response to German terror and repression against the Polish population. Covered mainly Pszczyna and Rybnik counties and part of the main Upper Silesia industrial district. Suppressed by the Germans. 2nd Uprising took place on 19‑25.08.1920 in response to numerous acts of terror of the German side. Covered the entire area of the Upper Silesia industrial district and part of the Rybnik county. As a result Poles obtained better conditions for the campaign prior the plebiscite. The poll was conducted on 20.03.1921. The majority of the population — 59.6% — were in favor of Germany, but the results were influenced by the admission of voting from former inhabitants of Upper Silesia living outside Silesia. As a result the 3rd Uprising broke out, the largest such uprising of the Silesian in the 20th century. It lasted from 02.05.1921 to 05.07.1921. Spread over almost the entire area of Upper Silesia. Two large battles took place in the area of St. Anna Mountain and near Olza. As a result on 12.10.1921 the international plebiscite commission decided on a more favorable for Poland division of Upper Silesia. The territory granted to Poland was enlarged to about ⅓ of the disputed territory. Poland accounted for 50% of metallurgy and 76% of coal mines. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2020.05.25])

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.10.13], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23]
bibliograhical:
„Urns kept at the Am Perlacher Forst cemetery — analysis”, Mr Gregory Wróbel, curator of the Museum of Independence Traditions in Łódź, private correspondence, 25.05.2020
original images:
www.diecezja.radom.pl [access: 2013.08.10], fara.radom.pl [access: 2017.11.07], diecezja.radom.pl [access: 2019.05.30], parafiaklwow.pl [access: 2019.05.30], radom.city [access: 2015.09.30], www.radom.ws [access: 2014.01.06], www.szczecin.pl [access: 2014.09.21]

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