• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • GRACZ Stephen; source: S. Tylus, „Lexicon of Polish Pallotines 1912-2012”, Ząbki 2013, archives of Christ the King Province in Warsaw, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRACZ Stephen
    source: S. Tylus, „Lexicon of Polish Pallotines 1912-2012”, Ząbki 2013, archives of Christ the King Province in Warsaw
    own collection
  • GRACZ Stephen, source: niepodlegla.pomorskie.eu, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRACZ Stephen
    source: niepodlegla.pomorskie.eu
    own collection
  • GRACZ Stephen, source: nowosci.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRACZ Stephen
    source: nowosci.com.pl
    own collection
  • GRACZ Stephen, source: libermortuorum.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRACZ Stephen
    source: libermortuorum.pl
    own collection

surname

GRACZ

forename(s)

Stephen (pl. Szczepan)

  • GRACZ Stephen - Commemorative plague, St James's church, Lębork, source: gp24.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRACZ Stephen
    Commemorative plague, St James's church, Lębork
    source: gp24.pl
    own collection
  • GRACZ Stephen - Commemorative plague, 48 Targowa Str., Lębork, source: kontakt24.tvn24.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRACZ Stephen
    Commemorative plague, 48 Targowa Str., Lębork
    source: kontakt24.tvn24.pl
    own collection
  • GRACZ Stephen - Commemorative plague, Theological Seminary church, Ołtarzew, source: turystyka.ozarow-mazowiecki.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRACZ Stephen
    Commemorative plague, Theological Seminary church, Ołtarzew
    source: turystyka.ozarow-mazowiecki.pl
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of the Catholic Apostolate (Pallotti's Fathers - SAC)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Christ the King province SAC
more on: waw.pallotyni.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Veterinary Medicine

date and place of birth

02.08.1888

Sypniewo (Złotów county)

religious vows

26.09.1937 (temporary)
17.12.1939 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

25.02.1940 (Warszawa)

positions held

friar at Congregation’s house in Ołtarzew (till 1942), f. theology student at Congregation’s Theological Seminaries in Ołtarzew and Suchary, novitiate at Congregation’s house in Suchary (from 15.09.1936), in Congregation from 1936, f. head of department at Veterinary Department of Agriculture Ministry in Warsaw (1927‑36), f. veterinary doctor in Poznań (1924‑7), f. veterinary science PhD student at Veterinary Medicine Academy in Lviv (til 1923), f. voivodeship veterinary inspector in Pomerania Voivodeship (1919‑24), f. veterinary doctor inToruń (1919‑24), Lębork (from 1917) and Grudziądz (from 1915), f. veterinary science student in Berlin and Dresden (1912‑5), f. member of Science Society in Toruń (1916‑25) — treasurer (1921‑4) and head of Mathematical–Natural Sciences Department, books, brochures and articles on veterinary science subjects’ author

date and place of death

11.11.1942

Radogoszcz (Łódź)

cause of death

murder

details of death

During Prussian rule in Pomerania (one of Poland’s partitions), as a student at Collegium Marianum in Pelplin and next in classical gymnasium in Chełmno founder (in 1908), and next chairman (1910‑2), of Polish clandestine self–educational Thomas Zan Society. Later, during studies in Berlin, chairman of local clandestine Philomats organisation. Member of supreme authorities of Thomas Zan Society for Prussian partition of Poland. Fouder of many new local groups of these organizations. Collaborator of „Shine” (pl. „Blask”) monthly for youth. After outbreak of the I World War arrested by the German in 1914 in Chełmno. Accused of sabotage but for lack of evidence soon released. Next drafted into German army but for poor health released. At the end of the I World War in 1918 agitator of the Polish cause and inclusion of Pomerania, and specifically Kashubian region, into reborn Poland. Founder of clandestine units of Peoples’ Guards and Fighting Societies (pl. „Towarzystwa Wojackie”). After rebirth of Poland in 11.1918 organiser of Polish Peoples’s County Council in Lębork and vicinity. Participant of Polish District Parliament held on 03‑05.12.1918 in Poznań — member of its Presidium. On 12.01.1919 arrested by the Germans and accused of organisation — a day earlier — of Polish rally in Lębork. Held in Lębork prison and then in Słupsk. Conditionally released in 03.1919 — prior to court appearance. Escaped to Greater Poland region, to Poznań, and there actively took part in last months of Polish Greater Poland Uprising in 1918‑9. Went into hiding from Germans who were looking after him. Often changed his address (Poznań, Chełmno, Grudziądz, Gdańsk). Later from 08.1919 — during preparation for a plebiscite that was to decide the fate of Pomerania — treasurer of Polish Warmia Plebiscite Committee, and in 1920 member of Refugee Support Committee for those escaping to Poland from parts of Warmia, Mazury and Pomerania that the plebiscite on 11.07.1930 decided to leave in Germany — for instance Lębork. In 1936 widowed and then joined Fathers Pallotti’s Society. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, numerous times illegally crossed the border between occupied and run by the Germans General Governorate, where Ołtarzew Congregation house was located, and Polish provinces directly incorporated in Germany proper (among others Pomerania and Greater Poland regions). To Poles there brought pastoral ministry, organized retreats for nuns, visited sick in hospitals and provided charity assistance. Using false documents on Stephen Grenz name, claiming to be a cattle merchant from Warka, carried letters to and from people forcibly tranported to Germany for slave work, documents of the Polish clandestine organisations (part of emerging Polish Clandestine State) — including false personal documents and passes (some of which he made himself). Managed to lead numerous candidates do the Theological Seminary in Ołtarzew. In 10.1942 or 11.1942 arrested by the Germans in Łódź, then in German Warthegau (Eng. Greater Poland) province, when saying mass in basement of one the apartment blocks. Held in Radegast prison in Radogoszcz n. Łódź prison. Tortured. Soon there perished, unrecognised — formally in German documents from „ heart failure”.

perpetrators

Germans

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

EtG Radegast: Resettlement camp (as part of German resettlement „program” for Poles in 1939), then co–functioning with transit–concentration camp (during genocidal German Intelligenzaktion Litzmannstadt in 1939‑40), finally changed into Germ. Erweitertes Polizeigefängnis (Eng. Expanded Police prison), in Radogoszcz n. Łódź, operational from 1939 till 1945, for Poles from Łódź region. Probably in excess of 40,000 people were held there. For religious this was a transit camp before transfer to KL Dachau concentration camp. (more on:  en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Greater Poland Uprising: Military insurrection of Poles living in Posen Provinz (Eng. Poznań province) launched against German Reich in 1918‑9 aiming to incorporate lands captured by Prussia during partitions of Poland in XVIII century into Poland, reborn in 1918. Started on 27.12.1918 in Poznań and finished with total Polish victory on 16.02.1919 by a ceasefire in Trier. Many Polish priests took part in the Uprising, both as chaplains of the insurgents units and members and leaders of the Polish agencies and councils set up in the areas covered by the Uprising. In 1939 after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World war those priests were particularly persecuted by the Germans and majority of them were murdered. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.08.14])

Pomeranian Philomaths: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self–education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — in Pomerania around Vistula river (Gdańsk Pomerania and Chełmno county), in Prussian–occupied Polish territories (one of the partitions of Poland). On 08.01.1901 Germans conducted a series of interrogations of students at Chełmno, Brodnica and Toruń gymnasiums. On 09‑12.09.1901 the first of court trials of Polish students from those gymnasiums and students of Theological Seminary in Pelplin was held in Toruń. 1 person was sentenced to 3 months in prison, 1 to 2 months, 3 to 6 weeks, 7 to 3 weeks, 2 to 2 weeks, 19 to a week, 2 to 1 day, 10 were reprimanded. 15 were cleared. More definitive penalties were relegations from the schools with so‑called wolf’s ticket, forbidding sentenced students to continue secondary and higher studies in Prussia (Germany). Among those penalized were a few future Catholic priests — those were able to continue their education for the Chełmno diocese bishop, Bp August Rosentreter, refused to relegate students from Theological Seminary. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

Thomas Zan Societies: Secret societies of Polish youth, aiming at self–education, patriotic in form and content, functioning 1830‑1920, in mutiny against enforced Germanisation and censure of Polish culture, mainly in secondary schools — gymnasia — mainly in Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) and later in Silesia. The first groups were formed in 1817. In 1897 a congress in Bydgoszcz was held when rules of clandestine activities were formulated. At other congress in Bydgoszcz in Poznań a „Red Rose” society was formed, heading all others groups in various gymnasiums and coordinating their activities. In 1900 „Red Rose” consolidated Philomaths organizations from Pomerania as well. After Toruń trial of Pomeranian Philomaths in Toruń Germans arrested 24 members of Thomas Zan Society from Gniezno. 21 of them were sentenced up to 6 weeks in prison and reprimands. All were relegated from schools without the right to continue education in secondary and higher schools in Prussia. Despite repression the Societies existed till 1918 and rebirth of Poland. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

sources

personal:
wsdsac.pl [access: 2012.12.28], libermortuorum.pl [access: 2019.05.30], gp24.pl [access: 2019.05.30]
original images:
niepodlegla.pomorskie.eu [access: 2019.05.30], nowosci.com.pl [access: 2019.05.30], libermortuorum.pl [access: 2019.05.30], gp24.pl [access: 2019.05.30], kontakt24.tvn24.pl [access: 2019.05.30], turystyka.ozarow-mazowiecki.pl [access: 2017.11.07]

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