• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
FRELICHOWSKI Steven Vincent - source: dhwatra.com; CLICK to INSPECT SOURCE

religious status

blessed

surname

FRELICHOWSKI

forename(s)

Steven Vincent (pl. Stefan Wincenty)

  • FRELICHOWSKI Steven Vincent - Commemorative plaque, KL Dachau concentration camp's museum, source: magazyn-polonia.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOFRELICHOWSKI Steven Vincent
    Commemorative plaque, KL Dachau concentration camp's museum
    source: magazyn-polonia.com
    own collection
  • FRELICHOWSKI Steven Vincent - Commemorative plaque, Polish Scouts Movementy ZHR HQ, Warsaw, source: www.harcerze.zhr.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOFRELICHOWSKI Steven Vincent
    Commemorative plaque, Polish Scouts Movementy ZHR HQ, Warsaw
    source: www.harcerze.zhr.pl
    own collection
  • FRELICHOWSKI Steven Vincent - Monument, Theological Seminary, Toruń, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOFRELICHOWSKI Steven Vincent
    Monument, Theological Seminary, Toruń
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection
  • FRELICHOWSKI Steven Vincent - Commemorative plaque, Pelplin, source: www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOFRELICHOWSKI Steven Vincent
    Commemorative plaque, Pelplin
    source: www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl
    own collection
  • FRELICHOWSKI Steven Vincent - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOFRELICHOWSKI Steven Vincent
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

beatification date

07.06.1999

John Paul II

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23]

date and place of birth

22.01.1913

Chełmża (Toruń county)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

14.03.1937 (Pelpin cathedral)

positions held

vicar of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary parish in Toruń, f. vicar of the Holy Trinity parish in Wejherowo, f. secretary and chaplain to the Chełmno diocese bishop, Stanislaus Adalbert Okoniewski. Instruktor in Polish Scouting Association

date and place of death

23.02.1945

KL Dachau

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion, starvation, typhoid

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War arrested for the first time by the Germans on 11.09.1939. Held in Okrąglak investigative jail in Toruń, but released after a few days. Arrested again on 17/18.10.1939. Jailed in Fort VII (Toruń) concentration camp. On 08.01.1940 moved to Neufahrwasser transit camp. From there on 10‑14.01.1940 transported to KL Stutthof concentration camp. In the spring of 1940 moved to KL Stutthof's sub‑camp, ZL Grenzdorf. On 06.04.1940 brought back to KL Stutthof and three days later, on 09‑10.04.1940, transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Finally on 14.12.1940 taken to KL Dachau concentration camp. There volunteered inspiring others to help the prisoners who contracted typhoid — together with him c. 32 other Polish priests volunteered, among them Fr Paul Januszewski, Fr Sigismund Mikołajewski, Fr George Stanislaus Musiał, Fr Joseph Zapłata, Fr Stephen Zielonka and at least one German priest, Fr Richard Henkes — got sick himself and perished.

perpetrators

Germans

biography (own resources)

click to read biography from our resources

others related in death

HENKES Richard, JANUSZEWSKI Paul (Fr Hillary), MIKOŁAJEWSKI Sigismund, MUSIAŁ George Stanislaus, ZAPŁATA Joseph (Bro. Dominic), ZIELONKA Steven

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22492): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

ZL Grenzdorf: German Zivilgefangenenlager (Eng. camp for civilians) in Graniczna Wieś village. Existed in 1939‑41. In 1940 — when in became a sub‑camp of KL Stutthof concentration camp — c. 100 Polish priests from Pomerania — as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Pomerania — were kept there and forced to slave at manufacturing of road bricks. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

Neufahrwasser: Neufahrwasser (Gdańsk — Nowy Port) was a transit camp organised by the Germans in 1939 for Polish prisoners, chiefly as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania. Z Neufahrwasser prisoners were being sent to KL Stutthof concentration camp or directly to execution sites. The camp was closed in 04.1940. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2013.08.10], ofiaromwojny.republika.pl [access: 2013.12.04])

Toruń (Fort VII): Between 10.1939 and 01.1940 in Fort VII in Toruń Germans set up — as part of their „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish intelligentsia from Pomerania — a prison for local, chiefly from Toruń, Poles, mainly from intelligentsia, 1,500 of which were subsequently murdered in Barbarka and Przysieka. The remaining approx. 600 prisoners were transported in 01.1940 to KL Stutthof concentration camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23]
original images:
dhwatra.com [access: 2013.05.19], magazyn-polonia.com [access: 2018.11.18], www.harcerze.zhr.pl [access: 2014.03.10], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl [access: 2013.12.04]

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