• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • BORREL John (Fr of the Incarnation), source: www.pijarzy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBORREL John (Fr of the Incarnation)
    source: www.pijarzy.pl
    own collection
  • BORREL John (Fr of the Incarnation), source: www.rp.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBORREL John (Fr of the Incarnation)
    source: www.rp.pl
    own collection

surname

BORREL

surname
versions/aliases

BORRELL

forename(s)

John (pl. Jan)

religious forename(s)

of the Incarnation (pl. od Wcielenia)

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Poor Clerics Regular of the Mother of God of the Pious Schools (Piarists, Scolopi, Escolapios - SP)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Pinsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

nationality

Spanish

date and place of birth

16.09.1867

Castellar del Vallès
f. San Esteban de Castellar, Barcelona prov., Catalonia aut. com., Spain

religious vows

31.08.1889 (last)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1891 (Castrillo del Val)

positions held

vicar of the parish and friar of monastery in Liubeshiv (1933‑43), f. master of novices in Liubeshiv (1933‑9), f. master of novices and prefect at State Teachers’ Seminary in Szczuczyn Nowogródzki (1927‑33), f. English teacher at Merchants’ School run by Piarist Fathers in Lida (1927‑33), f. master of novices and professor in Cracow–Rakowice (1925‑7), f. provincial of Piarist Fathers Polish province and Cracow congregation’s house rector (1903‑25), f. professor of languages and master of novices in Piarist Fathers college de Sarria in Barcelona (1900‑3), f. dogmatic and moral theology, English and German languages, and geometry lecturer in San Pedro de Cardena (1891‑1900), f. geography and statistics lecturer at de San Antón college in Barcelona (1889‑91), f. philosophy and theology student in San Pedro de Cardena, novice from 01.10.1882 in Moya, translator from Spanish to Polish

date and place of death

28.10.1943

Liubeshiv
Liubeshiv rai., Volyn obl., Ukraine

cause of death

murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, during Russian occupation of 1939‑41, evicted by the Russians in 1940 together with his parish priest Fr Alexander Zając and other co–brothers from their monastery. Exorbitantly taxed by Russians. After start of German occupation in 1941, during the genocide perpetrated by Ukrainians, known as „Volyn genocide”, and after murder of Fr Zając, the only priest in Lubaczów. During Easter 1943 helped by Fr Joseph Szostak from c. 40 km distant Małe Hołuby parish. When accompanied by Piarist br. Peter Mojisijanek on his way back to his parish both were murdered by Ukrainians from the genocidal OUN/UPA organization. On 24.10.1944 went to the cemetery to pray on a grave of another Pole murdered by Ukrainians. Stepped on the mine set prob. by OUN/UPA. Perished four days later. The burial Holy Mass was celebrated by Fr Vaclav Chojecki, parish priest from c. 20 km distant Czerwiszcze parish. After the burial Piarist br. Dominic Kowalik accompanied Fr Chojeck back — both, and the carter–driver, were attacked and brutally murdered by murderers from OUN/UPA organization.

perpetrators

Ukrainians

others related in death

KOWALIK Francis (Bro. Dominic of St Joseph Calasanctius), MOJSIJONEK Peter (Bro. of the Holiest Heart of Jesus), SZOSTAK Joseph, ZAJĄC Joseph (Fr Alexander of st Joseph)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Volyn genocide: In 1939‑47, especially in 1943‑4, independent Ukrainian units, mainly belonging to genocidal Ukrainian organizations OUN (political arm) and UPA (military arm), supported by local Ukrainian population, murdered — often in extremely brutal way — in Volyn and surrounding regions of pre‑war Poland, from 70,000 to 130,000 Poles, all civilians: men, women, children, old and young. Polish–Ukrainian conflict that openly emerged during and after I World War (in particular resulting in Polish–Ukrainian war of 1918‑9), that survived and even deepened later when western Ukraine became a part Poland, exploded again after the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. During Russian occupation of 1939‑41, when hundreds of thousands of Poles were deported into central Russia, when tens of thousands were murdered (during so‑called Katyń massacres, among others), this open conflict had a limited character, helped by the fact that at that time Ukrainians, Ukrainian nationalists in particular, were also persecuted by the Russians. The worst came after German–Russian war started on 22.06.1941 and German occupation resulted. Initially Ukrainians supported Germans (Ukrainian police was initiated, Ukrainians co—participated in extermination of the Jews and were joining army units fighting alongside Germans). Later when German ambivalent position towards Ukraine became apparent Ukrainians started acting independently. And in 1943 one of the units of aforementioned Ukrainian OUN/UPA organization, in Volyn, started and perpetrated a genocide of Polish population of this region. In mere few weeks OUN/UPA murdered, with Germans passively watching on the sidelines, more than 40,000 Poles. This strategy was consequently approved and adopted by all OUN/UPA organisations and similar genocides took place in Eastern Lesser Poland (part of Ukraine) where more than 20,000 Poles were slaughtered, meeting however with growing resistance from Polish population. Further west, in Chełm, Rzeszów, etc. regions this genocide turned into an extremely bloody conflict. In general genocide, perpetrated by Ukrainian nationalists, partly collaborating with German occupants, on vulnerable Polish population took part in hundreds of villages and small towns, where virtually all Polish inhabitants were wiped out. More than 200 priests, religious and nuns perished. This holocaust and conflict ended up in total elimination of Polish population and Polish culture from Ukraine, in enforced deportations in 1944‑5 of remaining Poles from Ukraine and some Ukrainians into Ukraine proper, and finally in deportation of Ukrainians from East‑South to the Western parts of Polish republic prl by Commie‑Nazi Russian controlled Polish security forces („Vistula Action”). (more on: wolyn1943.eu.interiowo.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.duszki.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.rp.pl [access: 2012.12.28], www.pijarzy.pl [access: 2013.01.13]
bibliograhical:
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
original images:
www.pijarzy.pl [access: 2014.11.02], www.rp.pl [access: 2017.03.11]

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