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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

BÖNIG

forename(s)

Henry (pl. Henryk)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

BÖNIGK BOENIGK

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Warmia diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2018.09.02]

date and place of death

21.11.1945

Riesatoday: Meissen dist., Dresden reg., Saxony state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.04.12]

details of death

In 1934, after the national–socialist party came to power in Germany, persecuted by the Gestapo political police and the police.

During the Russian winter offensive of 1945, ending the World War II, started by the German and Russian invasions of Poland in 09.1939, expelled on 09.02.1945 by the Russians from Elbląg (on that day, the Russians, during the so‑called Mława–Elbląg operation, broke into Elbląg and captured it ) and taken to Ciechanów.

From there moved into Russia.

Released in 06.1945 due to illness.

Travelled to Russian–occupied Saxony in Germany, where was hospitalized and where perished.

cause of death

warfare

perpetrators

Germans / Russians

date and place of birth

24.11.1909

Tolkmickotoday: Tolkmicko gm., Elbląg pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

25.02.1934

positions held

1940 – 1945

administrator {parish: Elblągtoday: Elbląg city pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.04.12]
, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor}

1938 – 1940

PhD student {Fribourgtoday: Fribourg can., Switzerland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.25]
, University of Friborg}

1934 – 1938

vicar {parish: Elblągtoday: Elbląg city pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.04.12]
, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor}

1934

vicar {parish: Tolkmickotoday: Tolkmicko gm., Elbląg pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
}

till 1934

student {Braniewotoday: Braniewo urban gm., Braniewo pow., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.14]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

student {Frankfurt am Maintoday: Frankfurt am Main city dist., Darmstadt reg., Hesse state, Germany
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.04.12]
, philosophy and theology, Sankt Georgen Jesuit college}

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Ciechanów: Detention centre run by Germans. After German expulsion by the Russians in 1945 also a Russian transit camp for German prisoners, among others, prior to exile to concentration camps in Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Deportation of Germans to Russia in 1945: On 06.02.19454 Russian State Defence Committee issued an order to intern all Germans, mainly men, able to work from the German territories captured by Russian army and transport them into Russia — to slave labour camps in Donbas region in Ukraine, to industrial centers in Ural mountains, to Russian occupied Belarus, etc. — in order to rebuild destroyed by the war Russia. It was planned to use c. 500,000 Germans, 17‑50 years old, although in practice much older were also arrested. From Upper Silesia only c. 90,000 Germans and Poles were deported 20% of which returned after many years. Among the victims were members of Polish clandestine Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) fighting with Germans. Tens of thousands were deported from Warmia and Mazurian regions. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
bazhum.muzhp.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.04.12]

bibliograhical:, „Lexicon of the clergy vicimised in prl in 1945‑1989”, collective work edited by Jerzy Myszor, Warsaw, 2002

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