• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • RAMANAUSKAS Francis - Abieź Russian concentration camp Gulag, source: www.lkbkronika.lt, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORAMANAUSKAS Francis
    Abieź Russian concentration camp Gulag
    source: www.lkbkronika.lt
    own collection
  • RAMANAUSKAS Francis - 1955, Abieź Russian concentration camp Gulag, source: www.xxiamzius.lt, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORAMANAUSKAS Francis
    1955, Abieź Russian concentration camp Gulag
    source: www.xxiamzius.lt
    own collection
  • RAMANAUSKAS Francis - 1958, Švėkšna, source: www.xxiamzius.lt, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORAMANAUSKAS Francis
    1958, Švėkšna
    source: www.xxiamzius.lt
    own collection
  • RAMANAUSKAS Francis, source: www.limis.lt, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORAMANAUSKAS Francis
    source: www.limis.lt
    own collection
  • RAMANAUSKAS Francis, source: lt.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORAMANAUSKAS Francis
    source: lt.wikipedia.org
    own collection
  • RAMANAUSKAS Francis, source: www.partizanai.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORAMANAUSKAS Francis
    source: www.partizanai.org
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

RAMANAUSKAS

forename(s)

Francis (pl. Franciszek)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Pranciškus

function

bishop

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Telsiai diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Theology

honorary titles

prelate
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]
honorary canon (Kaunas cathedral)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02]

nationality

Lithuanian

date and place of birth

21.11.1893

Kudoniai (Betygala eldership, Raseiniai region, Lithuania)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

11.01/05.06/22.06.1907 (Telšiai cathedral)

positions held

titular bishop of Carpasia (ordained 09.04.1944, appointed 28.02.1944), auxiliary bishop of Telšiai diocese (appointed 28.02.1944), f. rector (from 1940) and vice–rector (1932‑40) of Theological Seminary in Telšiai, f. Chancellor of Telšiai diocese Curia (1931‑2), f. pastoral theology and homiletics professor at Theological Seminary in Telšiai (1929‑32), f. PhD theology student at Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome (1927‑9), f. Vice–Chancellor of Telšiai diocese Curia (1926‑7), f. vicar of Telšiai parish in Telšiai deanery (1923‑6), co–founder and editor of „Žemaičių prietelius” magazine (from 1925), f. chaplain of Teachers’ Seminary in Telšiai (from 1923), f. chaplain at Teachers’ Seminary in Telšiai (from 1923), f. philosophy student at Lithuanian University in Kaunas (1922‑3), f. chaplain of gymnasium in Kaunas (1923), f. chaplain of prison in Kaunas (1922‑3), f. vicar of Raseiniai in Raseiniai deanery (1921‑2), Krekenava in Panevėžy–Krekenava sdeanery (1920‑1), Pumpėnai in Pasvalys deanery (1917‑20) parishes, f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Kaunas (till 1917)

date and place of death

15.10.1959

Telšiai (Lithuania)

cause of death

extermination

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World, after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, hid and provided shelter to a young Jew. After German defeat in the II World War and start in 1945 of another Russian occupation arrested on 18.12.1946 by the Russians and accused of organization of defense against Bolshevik invasion in 1918‑20, participation in suppression of Bolshevik coup attempt in 1918, conducting anti–Russian activities after 1944, making anti–Russian homilies and providing support to anti–Russian partisans. Repeatedly interrogated — c. 60 times, for more than 1,000 hours — maltreated and tortured. After interrogations witnesses saw him spat blood. Did not break or reveal anything, and did not admit guilt. On 16.08.1947 sentenced to 10 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps Gulag. Held in Orsza in Belarus, and next in KarLag n. Karaganda, IntaLag (camp #5 and from 1949 camp #1), MinLag, VorkutLag. In 1954‑5 held in Abieź camp in Komi republic. There prob. clandestinely ordained at least two Catholic priests. On 20.07.1957 released. Return to Lithuania — exhausted and seriously ill, among others suffering from atherosclerosis — but forbidden to move to Telšiai. Immediately however started to visit his diocesan priests and parishes, despite being constantly followed by the Russian security forces. Moved to Švėkšna parish in Šilutė deanery. Soon forced to undergo two surgeries. Did not recover and after the second one perished in hospital.

perpetrators

Russians

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Abieź: Penal GUŁAG camp 274/17 „B” in a village Abieź on Usa river, by the Peczorska train line (Kotłas—Workuta) in Russian Komi republic (beyond Arctic Circle) belonging to a set of MinLag concentration camps. It contained a „hospital” for MinLag inmates and for totally exhausted prisoners of VorkutLag. (more on: zeslaniec.pl [access: 2013.08.10], gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.11.14])

VorkutLag: Russian complex of concentration camps and forced labour camp (part of Gulag penal system), near Vorkuta in Komi republic, created on 10.15.1938 — as a result of the split of larger UktpechLag complex of camps — where Russians held many Poles prisoners. Up to 75,000 (at peak — in 1950‑1 — c. 100,000) prisoners slaved there mainly in coal mines. In the most tragic 1943 c. 15.5% of prisoners held in the camp perished. Total number of victims of Vorkuta camps remains unknown. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

MinLag: Special GULAG camp No1 — Mineral (MinLag) — in Russian Komi republic, not far from Inta (beyond Arctic Circle) — part of a number of forced labour camps centred at Uchta, where prisoners slaved in agricultural farms, among others. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.10], www.sciesielski.republika.pl [access: 2013.08.10])

IntaLag: Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, part of GULAG penal system, in the Komi republic (beyond Arctic Circle) — created from a number of camps of VorkutLag concentration camp comples, aimed at exploration and mining of coal deposits n. Inta. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

KarLag: Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp n. Karaganda in Kazakhstan. One of the largest in Gulag penal system, operational in 1930‑59 (though even later parts of the camp were used as a new concentration camp and prison). Stretched over 300 by 200 km, centered in Dolinka village, c. 45 km from Karaganda. One of the goals was creation a large food base for the developing coal and metallurgical industries of Kazakhstan. 10,000 to 65,000 (in 1949) prisoners — including women and children many of whom perished — were held in the camp at any one time. In total over 1,000,000 inmates slaved in KarLag over its history. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.10.13])

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
newsaints.faithweb.com [access: 2017.11.07], lt.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02], www.catholic-hierarchy.org [access: 2018.09.02], angelorum.lt [access: 2018.09.02], www.xxiamzius.lt [access: 2018.09.02]
original images:
www.lkbkronika.lt [access: 2018.09.02], www.xxiamzius.lt [access: 2018.09.02], www.xxiamzius.lt [access: 2018.09.02], www.limis.lt [access: 2018.09.02], lt.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02], www.partizanai.org [access: 2018.09.02]

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