• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

BURAK

forename(s)

Bronislaus John (pl. Bronisław Jan)

religious forename(s)

Elisha Mary (pl. Elizeusz Maria)

religious forename(s)
versions/aliases

Eligius (pl. Eligiusz)

  • BURAK Bronislaus John (Bro. Elisha Mary) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURAK Bronislaus John (Bro. Elisha Mary)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • BURAK Bronislaus John (Bro. Elisha Mary) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURAK Bronislaus John (Bro. Elisha Mary)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection

function

laybrother

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans - OFMConv)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Immaculate Mary province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]
st Anthony of Padua and bl. James Strzemię province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of birth

07.04.1911

Ivyanets (Minsk oblast, Belarus)

positions held

friar of Niepokalanów monastery (1935‑9) — tailor, novitiate in Niepokalanów monastery (01.08.1936‑02.08.1937), in Order from 17.08.1935

date and place of death

1944

Stalag XI A Altengrabow (Saxony-Anhalt, Germany)

cause of death

extermination

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World War released on 06.09.1939 from Niepokalanów monastery. Returned to his family town Ivyanets. Worked as farmer and tailor. There in 11.1939 arrested in the church by the Russians. Jailed in Iwieniec and next in Valozhyn prisons. After half a year released. After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, remained in Ivyanets. On 19.06.1943 left his home town. Joined newly formed Polish resistance Stolpce–Naliboki partisans’ unit of Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State), nom de guerre „Czaplik”. The unit engaged Germans in a series of battles, collaborating with Russian partisans. In 12.1943 however Russians insidiously arrested the command of the AK unit and started attacking Polish partisans themselves. The unit decided to arrange a temporary truce with Germans and regrouped. In the summer of 1944, due to the approaching of the Russian–German front, the unit managed to cross over from Nalibocki forest in Belarus to kampinos forest near Warsaw. There joined AK Kampinos Group. Took part in several victorious clashes with Germans in support of Warsaw Uprising that started on 01.08.1944, but on 29.09.1944 the Kampinos Group was beaten by the Germans in the battle of Jaktorów — prob. the biggest guerrilla battle fought during World War II on the Polish lands west of the Vistula line. His unit was partially broken up and dispersed. On the same 29.09.1944 arrested by the Germans in nearby Żyrardów. As the Home Army soldier at the beginning of 10.1944 transported to POW Stalag XI A camp in Altengrabow (prisoner nr 45947) — altogether 2,655 Uprising participants were brought to Altengrabow. There soon perished — in Altengrabow 52 Warsaw insurgents–soldiers died.

alt. dates and places of death

(n. Sochaczew)

alt. details of death

According to other sources perished in a battle with Germans, by the railway track, during Warsaw Uprising.

perpetrators

Germans

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Warsaw Uprising: Lasted from 01.08.1944 till 03.10.1944. Was an attempt to liberate Polish capital from occupying Germans by the Polish Clandestine State — a unique in the history of the world political structure on the territories occupied by the Germans, effectively governing clandestinely in Poland — and by fighting on its behalf underground military units, mainly of Home Army (former Armed Struggle Association ZWZ) and National Armed Forced (NSZ). At the same time Russians stopped on purpose the offensive on all front, halted on the other bank of Vistula river and watched calmly the annihilation of the city, refusing even the mid–landing rights to the Allied planes carrying weapons and supplies to the insurgents from Italy. During the Uprising Germans murdered approx. 200,000 Poles, mainly civilians. Approx. 200 priests and nuns died in fighting or were murdered by the Germans, many in mass executions. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.straty.pl [access: 2015.04.18], www.polskienekropolie.de [access: 2015.05.09], www.1944.pl [access: 2015.05.09]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Biographical–bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939‑45”, Lukas Janecki, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016

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