• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • GRYNIK Nicholas, source: docplayer.net, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRYNIK Nicholas
    source: docplayer.net
    own collection

surname

GRYNIK

surname
versions/aliases

GRINIK,HRYNYK

forename(s)

Nicholas (pl. Mikołaj)

function

eparchial priest

creed

Ukrainian Greek Catholic
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Przemyśl eparchy
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Theology

nationality

Ukrainian

date and place of death

26.06.1941

Solanuvatka
Lviv obl.

alt. dates and places of death

Dobromyl
Staryi Sambir rai., Lviv obl.

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation, arrested by the Russians on 27.11.1940. Held in Przemyśl prison. Together with 3 parishioners accused of „membership of counter–revolutionary military organisation aiming at the overthrow of Russian Soviet power in Western Ukraine”. After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, on occupied Polish territories, herded by the Russians on c. 25.06.1941 with hundreds of prisoners from Przemyśl towards Dobromyl. There, in Lacko village (today Solanuvatka), in local „Salina” salt mine, perished in a mass murder of hundreds of prisoners — probably thrown by the Russians into a pit alive.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

18.12.1912

Kosheliv
Lviv obl.

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

03.04.1938 (chapel of Ukrainian Pontifical College of Saint Josaphat in Rome)

positions held

administrator of Grochowce parish in Niżankowice deanery parish (1939‑41), f. PhD theology student in Rome (1933‑9), f. theology and philosophy student at Greek Catholic Theological Seminary in Przemyśl (1931‑3)

others related in death

KIEBUZ John, WASIUTA Michael, ANDREJCZUK Peter, DANIŁKOW John, GOSZKA George, KOLIDA Sophronius, KRUPSKI Zeno Alexander, LIACH Paul, MAKAR Stephen, OSIDACZ Roman, ZAWOROTIUK Michael

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

„Salina” mine: After German attack of Russian‑occupied Polish territory on 22.06.1941 in Lacko village (today Solanuvatka) n. Dobromil, in local „Salina” salt mine Russians murdered c. 3,600 victims, some of them marched off from Przemyśl, the others brought from Dobromil. The victims — Poles and Ukrainians — were murdered with hammer blows to the head or, less often, shot. To drawn the cries of the victims out the mines machinery was running idle. Russians separated women from men. Women were killed in mine’s chapel. One of the victims was crucified on the chapel wall. According to the witnesses some of the victims — „Polish enemies of the people” — were thrown into mine pits alive. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.03.01], www.niedziela.pl [access: 2015.03.01])

06.1941 massacres (NKVD): After German attack of Russian‑occupied Polish territory and following that of Russia itself, before a panic escape, Russians murdered — in accordance with the genocidal order issued on 24.06.1941 by the Russian interior minister Lawrence Beria to murder all prisoners (formally „sentenced for counter–revolutionary activities', anti–Russian acts', sabotage and diversion, and political prisoners 'in custody'), held in NKVD‑run prisons in Russian occupied Poland, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia — c. 40,000‑50,000 prisoners. In addition Russians murdered many thousands of victims arrested after German attack regarding them as „enemies of people” — those victims were not even entered into prisons’ registers. Most of them were murdered in massacres in the prisons themselves, the others during so‑called „death marches” when the prisoners were driven out east. After Russians departure and start of German occupation a number of spontaneous pogroms of Jews took place. Many Jews collaborated with Russians and were regarded as co‑responsible for prison massacres. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

Przemyśl: Initially Russian, then German and finally a Russian controlled Polish security forces prison in which thousands of Poles and some Jews (during German occupation) were jailed. Some of them were murdered there. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2014.03.10], www.sztetl.org.pl [access: 2014.03.10])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.vox-populi.com.ua [access: 2015.03.01]
bibliograhical:
„Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Bogdan Prach, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015
original images:
docplayer.net [access: 2019.12.26]

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