Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Mark (pl. Marek)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
more on: www.catholic-hierarchy.org [access: 2019.02.02]
date and place of birth
presbyter (holy orders)/
minister at Olevsko parish (c. 1933), f. administrator of Isahovtsi parish in Ostroh deanery, f. administrator „ad interim” of Teofipol in Ostroh deanery, Yampil in Ostroh deanery, Liakhivtsi in Ostroh deanery, Baranivka in Novohrad–Volynskyi deanery, Barashi in Novohrad–Volynskyi deanery parishes, f. administrator of Shumsk parish in Kremenets deanery (1918‑25), f. dean of Ostroh deanery (from 1910), f. administrator of Ostroh in Iziaslav deanery (1904‑15), Horokhiv (1902) parishes, f. vicar of Novohrad–Volynskyi parish (c. 1894), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Zhytomyr (till 1893)
date and place of death
cause of death
details of death
In 1933 lived in Olevsko without the right to leave town. Arrested by the Russians in 1934. Jailed in Zhytomyr. On 15.10.1935 sentenced by the genocidal Special Council NKVD kangaroo court (known as „Troika NKVD”) to 3 years of slave labour. Jailed in DalLag concentration camp, in Russia far east, n. Khabarovsk, where slaved at Ussuri railway line construction. On 03.04.1937? wrote a letter informing that „he had received a Polish document” enabling him to travel to Poland. In a letter of 28.06.1938 Polish Red Cross was informed about his next arrest in the second half of 1937. Probably sentenced to death next and murdered.
alt. dates and places of death
alt. details of death
There are reports that in 1936/7 was in fact released. Returned to Zhytomyr — forbidden to leave the city — where clandestinely ministered to the Sisters Handmaids of Jesus. After several months was to be arrested again and most likely sentenced to death and shot.
camps (+ prisoner no)
11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])
Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.
DalLag: Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp in the Far East, near and around Khabarovs, operational from 10.1929 till 08.1939. Up to 112,500 inmates was held captive there, slaving at timber extraction, mineral mining, industrial, civil, water and transportation construction, agriculture, fishing and other industries. (more on: www.gulag.memorial.de [access: 2019.05.30])
Zhytomyr (prison): Russian investigative prison known for cruel interrogation methods used by the Russians. Execution site as well.
przegladpolskopolonijny.files.wordpress.com [access: 2014.12.20], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20]
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
www.russiacristiana.org [access: 2014.12.20]
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