• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • KWAŚNIEWSKI Sigismund, source: www.russiacristiana.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKWAŚNIEWSKI Sigismund
    source: www.russiacristiana.org
    own collection

surname

KWAŚNIEWSKI

forename(s)

Sigismund (pl. Zygmunt)

  • KWAŚNIEWSKI Sigismund - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKWAŚNIEWSKI Sigismund
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Kamianets diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.23]
Zhytomyr diocese
more on: www.catholic-hierarchy.org [access: 2021.09.20]

date and place of death

25.09.1937

Kiev
Kiev city obl., Ukraine

details of death

Expelled by the Russian Tsarist authorities from the University in Kiev where studied medicine for participation in „illegal student organisation”. Arrested by Russians in 1920 in Proskuriv — prob. during Polish–Russian war of 1919‑20 (prob. after return — on his parishioners’ request — from a short stay in Poland). Released. For the second time arrested in 1924 and again released. For the third time arrested on 29.12.1926 (11.04.1927). Accused of helping Poles cross the border with Poland illegaly, hiding them and supporting espionage for Poland. Prosecutor demanded 5 years of slave labour but after a probable compromise released on 08.10.1927 (21.10.1928) — forced to collaborate with Russians against the Catholics. Member of „Catholic priests initiative group in Podolya”, under total control of Russian murderous OGPU, aiming at collaboration with Russian Soviet authorities. On 02.03.1930 (06.01.1930) in Proskuriv arrested for the fourth time. On 12.03.1930 moved to Kharkiv prison and in a 27–30.06.1930 process of Polish priests in Ukraine sentenced to 5 years of slave labour, commuted (thanks possibly to a speech in support of Russian–Soviet system) to 3 years of exile — a suspended sentence. Forbidden though to move back to Proskuriv and in Ukraine — moved to Rostov–on–Don instead where took a parish priest post. From there a few times travelled to Proskuriv to celebrate Holy Masses until Russians forbid it. In 12.1936 moved, thanks to his parishioners, as priest to Kiev but on 03.06.1937 arrested again by the Russians. Accused of „carrying out counter–revolutionary, nationalistic and espionage activity at the behest of the Polish consulate in Kiev”. Broken collaborated with Russians and subsequently most of the people named were arrested and executed. Despite this on 22.09.1937 sentenced by the Russian genocidal kangaroo court „Troika NKVD” (part of Special Council of NKVD) to death and murdered — possibly on electric chair.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

20.03.1877

Tarashcha
Kiev obl., Ukraine

alt. dates and places of birth

Kiev
Kiev city obl., Ukraine

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1909

positions held

from 12.1936 — priest {Kiev}, in the churches of St Nicholas and pw. St Aleksandra (only on Sundays and public holidays)
1930–1936 — priest {Rostów nad Donem}
from 1928 — administrator {parish: Kiev, St Alexander the Pope and Martyr; dean.: Kiev}
from 1920 — administrator {parish: Proskuriv, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Proskuriv}
c. 1914–c. 1918 — administrator {parish: Bratslav, Our Lady of Mount Carmel; dean.: Bratslav}, the prefect of religion in the local junior high schools
c. 1913–c. 1914 — administrator {parish: Samchyntsi, St Mary Magdalene; dean.: Bratslav}
c. 1910 — vicar {parish: Kiev, St Alexander the Pope and Martyr; dean.: Kiev}
till 1909 — student {Zhytomyr, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}
student {Kiev, Department of Medicine, University}

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

1839 Kharkiv trials: Series of group trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika NKVD”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in 1930 in Kharkov (among others on 17.05.1930 and 27‑30.06.1930). Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp.

Kharkiv (prison): Russian criminal prison where in the 1930s a number of Catholic priests were held prior to being sent to Russian concentration camps.

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
christking.info [access: 2018.09.02], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], www.pwin.pl [access: 2014.12.20], www.pan-ol.lublin.pl [access: 2021.09.20]
bibliograhical:
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
www.russiacristiana.org [access: 2014.12.20], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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