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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • JURKIEWICZ George; source: Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, „Lexicon of Catholic clergy in USSR in 1917—1939 – Martirology”, ed. Science Society KUL, 1998, Lublin, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJURKIEWICZ George
    source: Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, „Lexicon of Catholic clergy in USSR in 1917—1939 – Martirology”, ed. Science Society KUL, 1998, Lublin
    own collection
  • JURKIEWICZ George, source: vladmission.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOJURKIEWICZ George
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surname

JURKIEWICZ

forename(s)

George (pl. Jerzy)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.06.23]

date and place
of death

04.06.1942

ITL SibLagGuLAG slave labour camp network
today: Novoivanovka, Kemerovo oblast, Russia

more on
ru.wikipedia.org
[access: 2024.01.29]

alt. dates and places
of death

1937, 04.12.1941

details of death

In 1926‐1928 evicted from his rectory, as all other parish property confiscated and robbed by the Russians.

Moved to a small room at one his parishioners flats.

Next moved to small house 15 km from Vladivostok.

Arrested by the Russians on 02.12.1931.

For c. 2 months held in solitary cell in Vladivostok prison.

Accused of espionage for Poland and Japan, anti–Russian activities and illegal speculation in foreign currencies and gold.

On 06.02.1932 sentenced to 10 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps.

Prob. initially held in ITL SibLag concentration camp.

In 1932 prob. transferred to Solovetsky Islands ITL SLON concentration camp.

In 1937 transported back to ITL SibLag, to Yaya Station camp in Kemerovo Oblast.

There are reports that he still lived in 1941, terribly tortured, with one eye gauged out.

On 01.12.1941 should have been released.

Prob. perished in a concentration camp n. Novoivanovka village in Kemerovo Oblast, part of ITL SibLag concentration camp, in unknown circumstances.

One of ITL SibLag prisoners' cemeteries was situated nearby.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

05.04.1884

Timkovichitoday: Timkovichi ssov., Kapyl dist., Minsk reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.20]

alt. dates and places
of birth

25.04.1887

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1910

positions held

1923 – 1931

parish priest — Vladivostoktoday: Primorsky Krai, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.04]
⋄ Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish

from 1912

priest — Khabarovsktoday: Khabarovsk Krai, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC church (fillial)Vladivostoktoday: Primorsky Krai, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.04]
, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish — chaplain of the local Military Academy and catechist of the girls' high school

from 1912

priest — Nikolayevsk‐on‐Amurtoday: Nikolayevsk‐on‐Amur reg., Khabarovsk Krai, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ RC chapel ⋄ Vladivostoktoday: Primorsky Krai, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.04]
, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish

till 1912

vicar — Krasnoyarsktoday: Krasnoyarsk city reg., Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.05]
⋄ Transfiguration of the Lord RC parish ⋄ Irkutsktoday: Irkutsk oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.04.17]
RC deanery

till 1910

student — Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Metropolitan Theological Seminary

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

ITL SibLag: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‐Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Сибирский (Eng. Siberian) — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within the Gulag complex) — headquartered in Mariinsk in Kemerovo Oblast, where a central camp for invalids was also operational (moved twice to Novosibirsk, c. 350 km away). Founded in 1929. One of the largest — initially spread over large area from Omsk to Krasnoiarsk, as a matter of fact whole Western Siberian Plain, next subdivided and limited to Novosibirsk, Tomsk and Kemerovo oblasts. Up to 80,000 inmates were held in SibLag: e.g. 78,838 (01.01.1938); 77,919 (01.01.1942); 70,370 (01.04.1942). Prisoners slaved at railroad construction, forestry, carpentry and in coal mines, and other industrial branches (brick, clothing, leather and fur factories and plants). Closed down in c. 1960. (more on: tspace.library.utoronto.caClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]
, www.gulagmuseum.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Great Purge 1937: „Great Terror” (also «Great Purge», also called „Yezhovshchyna” after the name of the then head of the NKVD) — a Russian state action of political terror, planned and directed against millions of innocent victims — national minorities, wealthier peasants (kulaks), people considered opponents political, army officers, the greatest intensity of which took place from 09.1936 to 08.1938. It reached its peak starting in the summer of 1937, when Art. 58‐14 of the Penal Code about „counter‐revolutionary sabotage” was passed , which became the basis for the „legalization” of murders, and on 02.07.1937 when the highest authorities of Russia, under the leadership of Joseph Stalin, issued a decree on the initiation of action against the kulaks. Next a number of executive orders of the NKVD followed, including No. 00439 of 25.07.1937, starting the liquidation of 25,000‐42,000 Germans living in Russia (mainly the so‐called Volga Germans); No. 00447 of 30.07.1937, beginning the liquidation of „anti‐Russian elements”, and No. 00485[2] of 11.08.1937, ordering the murder of 139,835 people of Polish nationality (the latter was the largest operation of this type — encompassed 12.5% of all those murdered during the «Great Purge», while Poles constituted 0.4% of the population). In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and ITL BelbaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‐called «NKVD Troika» all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned «NKVD Troika» kangaroo courts.

ITL SLON: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‐Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния Ла́герь (Eng. Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp) SLON — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within what was to become Gulag complex) — headquartered in Solovetsky Islands in Arkhangelsk Oblast. Founded on 13.10.1923 in a famous Orthodox monastery. In the 1920s, one of the first and largest concentration camps in Russia. The place of slave labor of prisoners — at forest felling, sawmills, peat extraction, fishing, loading work on the Murmansk Railway Main Line, in road construction, production of food and consumer goods, at the beginning of the construction of the White Sea ‐ Baltic canal, etc. The concept of the later system of Russian Gulag concentration camps prob. had its origins in the Solovetsky Islands camp — from there the idea spread to the camps in the area covered by the construction of the White Sea ‐ Baltic canal, i.e. ITL BelBaltLag, and from there further, to the entire territory of the Russian state. From the network of camps on the Solovetsky Islands — also called the Solovetsky Islands archipelago — prob. also comes the concept of the „Gulag Archipelago” created by Alexander Solzhenitsyn. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands of prisoners passed through the Solovetsky Islands concentration camps. At its peak, c. 72,000 prisoners were held there: e.g. 14,810 (12.1927); 12,909 (03.1928); 65,000 (1929); 53,123 (01.01.1930); 63,000 (01.06.1930); 71,800 (01.01.1931); 15,130 (1932); 19,287 (1933) — c. 43,000 of whom were murdered, including the years 1937‐1938 when c. 9,500 prisoners were transported from the camp and murdered in several places of mass executions, including Sandarmokh, Krasny Bor and Lodeynoye Polye. Among them were many Catholic and Orthodox priests. After the National Socialist Party came to power in Germany in 1933, a German delegation visited the ITL SLON camp, to „inspect” Russian solutions and adopt them later in German concentration camps. It operated until 04.12.1933, with a break from 16.11.1931 to 01.01.1932, when it was part of and later became a subcamp of the ITL BelBaltLag camp. It operated as such until 1939 (from 1936 as a prison). (more on: old.memo.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно‐трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea‐Baltic Canal (1931‐1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. He went down in history as the author of the principle „We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Alexander Solzhenitsyn, of the so‐called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — prisoner — i.e. Rus. заключенный‐каналоармец (Eng. canal soldier) — was coined in the ITL BelBaltLag managed by him, and was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held in Gulag camps at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, vladmission.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]
, zeslaniec.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

bibliographical:
Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‐1939. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
vladmission.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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