Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Alexander (pl. Aleksander)
Ukrainian Greek Catholic
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
date and place of death
KemLag labour camp
GULAG slave labour camp system, Karelia rep.
details of death
In 1899 tried in Kaunas for „Greek Catholic church” and exiled by Russian Tsarist authorities to Siberia. Released in 1917. In 1923 arrested in Tsaritsin and accused of „counter–revolutionary propaganda”. Released after 3 months. For the last time arrested by the Russians on 20.08.1935. On 12.01.1936 in Ploskirov sentenced to 7 years of slave labour. Exiled to KarLag concentration camp (within BelBaltLag net of camps). Soon his family and some parishioners joined him. There perished.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Kaunas city dist., Kaunas Cou.
presbyter (holy orders)/
parish priest of Kazatyń parish in Vinnytsia region (c. 1935), f. administrator of Krasiłów, Holy Trinity in Bazalia in Vinnytsia region (from 1926), St Michael the Archangel in Kiev and St John Nepomucene in Lubar (1925‑6), Tsaritsyn (1913‑25) parishes, married
camps (+ prisoner no)
11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])
Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.
KemLag: Sub–camp of BelBaltLag concentration camp group in Karelia republik, on the shores of White Sea. Many Catholic priests were held captive there on their way to or from Solovetsky Islands concentration camps. (more on: www.gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.12.20])
BelbaltLag: White Sea‑Baltic Sea camp — Russian concentration camp and forced slave labour camp (part of Gulag penal system), on White Sea coast, with headquarters in Medvezhyegorsk. The prisoners slaved and Bielomor canal construction. Up to 25,000 perished. (more on: www.gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])
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