• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • APSZYNAS Peter, source: www.preilubiblioteka.lv, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOAPSZYNAS Peter
    source: www.preilubiblioteka.lv
    own collection
  • APSZYNAS Peter, source: newsaints.faithweb.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOAPSZYNAS Peter
    source: newsaints.faithweb.com
    own collection
  • APSZYNAS Peter, source: www.balvurcb.lv, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOAPSZYNAS Peter
    source: www.balvurcb.lv
    own collection
  • APSZYNAS Peter, source: www.balvurcb.lv, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOAPSZYNAS Peter
    source: www.balvurcb.lv
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

APSZYNAS

surname
versions/aliases

APSZYNIEKS, APSINIKS

forename(s)

Peter (pl. Piotr)

  • APSZYNAS Peter - Commemorative plaque, Baltinava, Latvia, source: www.balvurcb.lv, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOAPSZYNAS Peter
    Commemorative plaque, Baltinava, Latvia
    source: www.balvurcb.lv
    own collection
  • APSZYNAS Peter - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOAPSZYNAS Peter
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Riga archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Mogilev archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.06.23]

nationality

Latvian

date and place
of death

10.02.1942

TavdaLag labour campGULAG slave labour camp network
today: Sverdlovsk oblast, Russia

details of death

After the start of the Russian occupation of Latvia (on 16.06.1940, Russia issued an ultimatum to Latvia, demanding an increase in the number of Russian troops in Latvia, and on 05.08.1940, Latvia was „incorporated” into Russia) — during World War II, which began with the German and Russian invasions of Poland in 09.1939 — arrested by the Russians on 13.06.1941 in his Baltinava parish village.

Accused of „agitation against the communist movement, condemnation of pioneer and communist organizations” and sentenced to slave labour in Russian concentration camps.

On 13.06.1941 deported to Russia.

Transported to TavdaLag concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

29.06.1887

Apšeniekitoday: Bērzpils pog., Balvi mun., Latvia
more on
lv.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.20]

alt. dates and places
of birth

Gaigalavatoday: Gaigalava pog., Rēzekne mun., Latvia
more on
lv.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.20]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1915

positions held

1937 – 1941

parish priest {parish: Baltinavatoday: Baltinava mun., Latvia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.20]
, Annunciation to the Blessed Virgin Mary}

1936 – 1937

parish priest {parish: Līksnatoday: Līksna pog., Augšdaugava mun., Latvia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
, Sacred Heart of Jesus}

1930 – 1936

parish priest {parish: Preiļitoday: Preiļi mun., Latvia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary}

1925 – 1930

parish priest {parish: Pušatoday: Puša pog., Rēzekne mun., Latvia
more on
lv.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
, Holy Trinity}

1920 – 1925

parish priest {parish: Viļakatoday: Viļaka pog., Balvi mun., Latvia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.02.15]
, Sacred Heart of Jesus}, also: publisher and editor of the monthly „Flag of Christ”

c. 1920

vicar {parish: Rogovkatoday: Nautrēni pog., Rēzekne mun., Latvia
more on
lv.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary}

c. 1919

vicar {parish: Sarkaņitoday: Lendži pog., Rēzekne mun., Latvia
more on
lv.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
, Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary}

c. 1918

vicar {parish: Bērzgaletoday: Bērzgale pog., Rēzekne mun., Latvia
more on
lv.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
, St Anne}

1915 – 1918

vicar {parish: Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
, St Catherine of Alexandria the Virgin and Martyr; dean.: Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
}, also: the chaplain of Latvian refugees during World War I, editor of the Latgalian press, publisher of „Strautiņš” magazine

chaplain {Mogilevtoday: Mogilev reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, military school}

c. 1915

vicar {parish: Preiļitoday: Preiļi mun., Latvia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary}

c. 1911 – 1915

student {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
, philosophy and theology, Metropolitan Theological Seminary}

{writer, editor and author of many religious journals, works, articles and books}

others related
in death

PUDANSClick to display biography Joseph

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

TavdaLag: Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp (part of Gulag penal system) in Ural mountains where Russians held and forced to slave at, among others, wood clearances, many Poles prisoners. In 2002 in vicinity mass graves were discovered with victims in Polish military uniforms. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Deportations to Siberia: In 1939‑41 Russians deported — in four large groups in: 10.02.1940, 13‑14.04.1940, 05‑07.1940, 05‑06.1941 — up to 1 mln of Polish citizens from Russian occupied Poland to Siberia leaving them without any support at the place of exile. Thousands of them perished or never returned. The deportations east, deep into Russia, to Siberia resumed after 1944 when Russians took over Poland. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence [...], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions [...] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”... Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, www.preilubiblioteka.lvClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, www.balvurcb.lvClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]

bibliograhical:, „Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
www.preilubiblioteka.lvClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, newsaints.faithweb.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, www.balvurcb.lvClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, www.balvurcb.lvClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, www.balvurcb.lvClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.03.14]
, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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