• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

KASPEROWICZ

forename(s)

Felix (pl. Feliks)

  • KASPEROWICZ Felix - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKASPEROWICZ Felix
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23]
Minsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

18.05.1895

Borisov (Minsk oblast, Belarus)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1920

positions held

minister of St Anne parish in Kojdanów (c. 1947), f. minister of Minsk, Borisov parishes, f. administrator of St Anne parish in Kojdanów (1922‑3), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Nowogródek (till 1920), Sankt Petersburg (1914‑8)

date and place of death

21.07.1950

Bulayevo (Kazakhstan)

cause of death

extermination

details of death

After ordination in 1920 illegally crossed over the Polish–Russian border — frontier border established during Polish–Russian war of 1919‑20, prior to being fixed at Polish–Russian peace treaty in Riga. Started his ministry among Catholics who got left out in Bolshevik Russia. For the first time arrested by the Russians in 1922. Soon released. Next arrested in 1927 and again released. The same happened in 1930 — prob. arrested in Chojniki c. 70 km to the east of Mozyrz. On 28.01.1934 arrested again, prob. in Kojdanów, and on 26.02.1934 sentenced by the Russian murderous „Troika OGPU” kangaroo court to 10 years in Russian slave labour concentration camps — Gulag. Deported to KarLag concentration camp. In 09.1936 transferred to UkhtPechLag camp (held in Ukhta–Chibyu, Knazh–Pogost camps in Komi republic). In c. 03.1937 prob. transported back to a camp n. Karaganda (KarLag), and on 11.06.1938 to VorkutLag, again in Komi republic, beyond Arctic Circe (prob. slaved by Usa river — in Stroy–Usa — where coal from Vorkuta and foot to Vorkuta were being exchanged on barges). On 22.08.1944 released but exiled to Arkhangelsk. On 13.02.1947 finally released and returned to Kojdanów. There arrested yet again and sentenced to 3 years of slave labour camps. Exiled to Bułajewo n. Omsk (prob. OmLag concentration camp) — in Kazakhstan — where perished in unknown circumstances.

alt. dates and places of death

1950

alt. details of death

It is possible the on 04.01.1947 sentenced by the Russians — while still being held in Gulag concentration camps — to 3 years deportation. From there on 13.02.1947 left to his deportation place, never to return to Kojdanów — aforementioned Bułajewo n. Omsk, where perished.

perpetrators

Russians

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

OmLag: Russian concentration camps and forced labour camps' group (part of Gulag penal system), n. Omsk in Siberia, where Russians held many Poles prisoners. (more on: www.gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.12.20])

VorkutLag: Russian complex of concentration camps and forced labour camp (part of Gulag penal system), near Vorkuta in Komi republic, created on 10.15.1938 — as a result of the split of larger UktpechLag complex of camps — where Russians held many Poles prisoners. Up to 75,000 (at peak — in 1950‑1 — c. 100,000) prisoners slaved there mainly in coal mines. In the most tragic 1943 c. 15.5% of prisoners held in the camp perished. Total number of victims of Vorkuta camps remains unknown. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

UkhtPechLag: Russian complex of concentration camps founded in 1931 in Komi rep. as a result of discovery of oil reserves in Izhma river basin with headquarters in Chibyu (Ukhta) village. Later radium was discovered in the water from wells (most radium–rich water in the world). In 1930s additional oil and gas fields were discovered. All mining and processing was done by the prisoners. As a result of expanding prisoner base on 10.15.1938 UktpechLag was divided into four concentration camps’ complexes: Ukhtizhemlag (50,000 km2) with HQ in Chibyu (Ukhta), VorkutLag, Sevzheldorlag and UstVymlag. (more on: www.gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.11.22])

Uchta: Local capital of a series of Russian concentration camps and forced labour camps — among others in diamond mines and at oil production — part of GULAG penal system, in the Komi republic (beyond Arctic Circle) — such as Uchpechłag, VorkutLag, Inta, Uchwymlag, Uchtiżemlag, Sieżeldor forced labour camps. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

KarLag: Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp n. Karaganda in Kazakhstan. One of the largest in Gulag penal system, operational in 1930‑59 (though even later parts of the camp were used as a new concentration camp and prison). Stretched over 300 by 200 km, centered in Dolinka village, c. 45 km from Karaganda. One of the goals was creation a large food base for the developing coal and metallurgical industries of Kazakhstan. 10,000 to 65,000 (in 1949) prisoners — including women and children many of whom perished — were held in the camp at any one time. In total over 1,000,000 inmates slaved in KarLag over its history. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.10.13])

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.05.09], catholic.ru [access: 2016.03.14], www.borlib.by [access: 2016.03.14], ru.openlist.wiki [access: 2019.02.02]
bibliograhical:
„Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939‑1988”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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