• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • HALIANT Nicholas, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOHALIANT Nicholas
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

HALIANT

forename(s)

Nicholas (pl. Mikołaj)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Nicholas (pl. Mykoła)

function

eparchial priest

creed

Ukrainian Greek Catholic GCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Lviv GC archeparchymore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

honorary canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
(Greek Catholic St George cathedral in Lvivmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2018.09.02]
)

nationality

Ukrainian

date and place
of death

17.09.1945

Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]

details of death

During World War II, started in 09.1939 by German and Russian invasion of Poland, the head of the office of the Metropolitan of Lviv, Abp Andrew Szeptycki.

During the German occupation, which began after the German attack on 22.06.1941 on the erstwhile ally, the Russians, was to take part in an action to help persecuted Jews, organized by Archbishop Szeptycki.

On 11‐15.07.1944, just before the end of the German occupation in 1944 and the beginning of the next Russian occupation (Poles from the pro–independence Home Army AK and the Russians recaptured Lviv from the Germans on c. 27.07.1944, and then on 02‐03.08.1944, the Russians arrested Polish AK officers) , became a member of the Ukrainian Main Liberation Council UHWR, organized by the genocidal organizations of Ukrainian nationalists OUN and UPA (although in the meeting in the village of Nedilna, c. 15 km from Staryi Sambir, which established the Council did not participate himself).

On 25.07.1945, arrested by the Russian genocidal NKVD (according to some sources already on 11.04.1945, together with all Greek Catholic bishops resident on pre‐war Polish territory). The immediate cause was supposed to be the delivery a sermon opposing the increasingly intensifying actions of the Russians aimed at incorporating the Greek Catholic Church into the Orthodox Church.

Tortured and murdered in prison.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

26.11.1875

Kutytoday: Busk urban hrom., Zolochiv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.05]

alt. dates and places
of birth

Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

23.09.1900

positions held

1932 – 1945

chancellor — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ Archeparchial Consistory (i.e. Curia) ⋄ Lviv GC archeparchy — also: cashier of the Commission for Widows and Orphans of the Archeparchy's Clergy (c. 1938)

from c. 1931

pro–synodal judge — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ Archbishop's Metropolitan Court

1926 – 1939

General secretary — Ukrainian Theological Society — member from 1923

1929 – 1931

vice–chancellor — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ Archeparchial Consistory (i.e. Curia) ⋄ Lviv GC archeparchy

1929 – 1933

vicar — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ St George GC archcathedral church

c. 1924 – 1929

vicar — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles GC parish ⋄ Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
GC deanery — also: prefect at secondary schools, i.a. in c. 1924‐1927 at Basilian Sisters’ Private Gymnasium for Girlks, with Ruthenian as the language of instruction

1921 – 1924

administrator — Korchyntoday: Skole urban hrom., Stryi rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
⋄ St Cosma and St Damian the Martyrs GC parish ⋄ Skoletoday: Skole urban hrom., Stryi rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
GC deanery

c. 1909 – c. 1918

prefect — Stryitoday: Stryi urban hrom., Stryi rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.03]
⋄ branch of the Imperial 1st Gymnasium ⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary GC parish ⋄ Stryitoday: Stryi urban hrom., Stryi rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.03]
GC deanery

c. 1906 – c. 1909

prefect — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ Fr Gregory Piramowicz elementary school (c. 1909), Queen Hedwig Lyceum for girls (c. 1907), Adam Mickiewicz Private Gymnasium for boys (c. 1907) ⋄ Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
GC deanery

c. 1903 – c. 1906

vicar — LvivZhovka Suburb district
today: Pidzamchi district, Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.11.12]
⋄ St Paraskeva Pyatnitsa GC parish ⋄ Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
GC deanery — also: prefect of St Martin elementary school; 1906 member of the board of the St Paul the Apostle Society

1901 – 1902

administrator — Leshnivtoday: Brody urban hrom., Zolochiv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ St Nicholas the Wonderworker GC parish ⋄ Brodytoday: Brody urban hrom., Zolochiv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
GC deanery

c. 1900

vicar — Koniukhytoday: Kozova hrom., Ternopil rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary GC parish ⋄ Berezhanytoday: Berezhany urban hrom., Ternopil rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.15]
GC deanery

1900

vicar — Velykyi Polyukhivtoday: Hlyniany urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.11.24]
⋄ Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary GC parish ⋄ Univtoday: Peremyshliany urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.12.13]
GC deanery

1896 – 1900

student — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Greek Catholic Theological Seminary

c. 1896 – c. 1900

student — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ theology, Department of Theology, John Casimir University [i.e. clandestine John Casimir University (1941‐1944) / Ivan Franko University (1940‐1941) / John Casimir University (1919‐1939) / Franciscan University (1817‐1918)]

married

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Lviv (Brygidki): Penal prison, then at 34 Kazimierzowska Str. in Lviv — in the buildings of the former monastery of the Order of St Brigid, in 1784 — after the first partition of Poland and after the dissolution of the religious orders as part of the so—called Josephine dissolutions — converted by the partitioning Austrian authorities into a prison. In 1939‐1941, the Russians held there thousands of prisoners, most of them Poles. On c. 26.06.1941, in the face of the German invasion and attack of their erstwhile ally, the Russians, during a panic escape (the left Lviv exactly on 26.06.1941), genocideally murdered several thousand prisoners. In 1941‐1944 the prison was run by the Germans and mass murders of Polish, Jewish and Ukrainian civilians took place there. After start of another Russian occupation in 1941 prison in which the executions were carried out on prisoners sentenced to death. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

Help to the Jews: During World War II on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered.

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‐occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Ribbentrop‐Molotov Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so‐called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply Germ. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
esu.com.uaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.12.26]
, uk.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.11.24]
, newsaints.faithweb.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.21]
, magazine.lds.lviv.uaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.21]

original images:
commons.wikimedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.11.24]

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