• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • MICHNIKOWSKI Joseph, source: picasaweb.google.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMICHNIKOWSKI Joseph
    source: picasaweb.google.com
    own collection
  • MICHNIKOWSKI Joseph, source: bielsk.home.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMICHNIKOWSKI Joseph
    source: bielsk.home.pl
    own collection
  • MICHNIKOWSKI Joseph; source: Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, „M Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939—1945”, Włocławek-Płock 2002, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMICHNIKOWSKI Joseph
    source: Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, „M Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939—1945”, Włocławek-Płock 2002
    own collection

surname

MICHNIKOWSKI

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

  • MICHNIKOWSKI Joseph - Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMICHNIKOWSKI Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Płock diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

prelatemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

Papal chamberlainmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.22]

Commander's Cross „Polonia Restituta”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

provostmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2015.03.01]
(Pułtusk collegiate)

date and place
of death

29.11.1939

Pułtusktoday: Pułtusk gm., Pułtusk pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 11.11.1939 — as a hostage in the face of expected Polish demonstrations related to the Polish national day of celebrations 11.11.

Held in cold and dump Pułtusk prison cell.

Contracted pneumonia.

Released.

Did not recover and perished shortly after as result of the traumatic experiences.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

22.01.1872

Motkowicetoday: Imielno gm., Jędrzejów pov., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

05.1896

positions held

1928 – 1939

dean — Pułtusktoday: Pułtusk gm., Pułtusk pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
RC deanery

1928 – 1939

parish priest — Pułtusktoday: Pułtusk gm., Pułtusk pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Annunciation and Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC church ⋄ St Matthew the Apostle and the Evangelist RC parish ⋄ Pułtusktoday: Pułtusk gm., Pułtusk pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
RC deanery

1921 – 1928

dean — Maków Mazowieckitoday: Maków Mazowiecki urban gm., Maków Mazowiecki pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.06]
RC deanery

1921 – 1928

parish priest — Maków Mazowieckitoday: Maków Mazowiecki urban gm., Maków Mazowiecki pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.06]
⋄ Corpus Christi RC church ⋄ St Joseph RC parish ⋄ Maków Mazowieckitoday: Maków Mazowiecki urban gm., Maków Mazowiecki pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.06]
RC deanery — belfry builder

1918 – 1921

parish priest — Kadzidłotoday: Kadzidło gm., Ostrołęka pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Holy Spirit RC parish ⋄ Ostrołękatoday: Ostrołęka city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.06]
RC deanery — church restorer

1915 – 1918

dean — Płońsktoday: Płońsk urban gm., Płońsk pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
RC deanery

1915 – 1918

parish priest — Płońsktoday: Płońsk urban gm., Płońsk pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St Michael the Archangel RC parish ⋄ Płońsktoday: Płońsk urban gm., Płońsk pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
RC deanery

1908 – 1915

parish priest — Bielsktoday: Bielsk gm., Płock pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St John the Baptist RC parish ⋄ Płocktoday: Płock city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
RC deanery — also: church builder

1901 – 1908

curatus/rector/expositus — Czarniatoday: Czarnia gm., Ostrołęka pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC church ⋄ Myszyniectoday: Myszyniec gm., Ostrołęka pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Holy Trinity RC parish ⋄ Ostrołękatoday: Ostrołęka city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.06]
RC deanery — also: church builder

1899 – 1901

curatus/rector/expositus — Przasnysztoday: Przasnysz urban gm., Przasnysz pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St James the Apostle and St Anne RC church (post–Bernardine) ⋄ St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Przasnysztoday: Przasnysz urban gm., Przasnysz pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
RC deanery

1896 – 1899

vicar — Płocktoday: Płock city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St Bartholomew the Apostle RC parish (main parish)Płocktoday: Płock city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
RC deanery

1891 – 1896

student — Płocktoday: Płock city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called «AB‑aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Collective responsibility („Hostages”): A criminal practice implemented by the Germans in the occupied territories of Poland, applied from the very first day of World War II. At its core was an appointment and public announcement of a list of names of selected people whose lives depended on absolute compliance with German orders. Any violation of these ordinances, by any person, regardless of the circumstances, resulted in the murder of the designated „hostages”. In the first days of the war and occupation, it was used i.a. by the German Wehrmacht army to prevent acts of continuation of the defense by the Poles. Later, especially in the German–run General Governorate, it was part of the official policy of the occupation authorities — collective responsibility for any acts of resistance to the occupier's practices. For the life of one German, even if death was due to customary reasons, the Germans carried out executions from a dozen to even a hundred Poles previously designated as „hostages”.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
mazowsze.hist.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
, www.tnp.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
, picasaweb.google.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]

bibliographical:
Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939‑1945”, Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, Włocławek–Płock 2002
Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
original images:
picasaweb.google.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
, bielsk.home.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.05.09]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

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MARTYROLOGY: MICHNIKOWSKI Joseph

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