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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • SOCHACZEWSKI Leo, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSOCHACZEWSKI Leo
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    own collection

surname

SOCHACZEWSKI

forename(s)

Leo (pl. Leon)

  • SOCHACZEWSKI Leo - Commemorative plaque, St Hedwig of Silesia parish church, Lichnowy, source: www.youtube.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSOCHACZEWSKI Leo
    Commemorative plaque, St Hedwig of Silesia parish church, Lichnowy
    source: www.youtube.com
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  • SOCHACZEWSKI Leo - Commemorative plaque, Beheading of St John the Baptist basilica, Chojnice, source: gdziebylec.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSOCHACZEWSKI Leo
    Commemorative plaque, Beheading of St John the Baptist basilica, Chojnice
    source: gdziebylec.pl
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function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2012.11.23]

honorary titles

Spiritual Counselor

date and place
of death

14.07.1945

KLW No._508 InzerGUPWI slave labour camp network
form.: Novaya Nogatka
today: Bashkortostan rep., Russia

alt. dates and places
of death

09.1945

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, during German occupation, arrested many times by Germans but each time released.

After German defeat and start in 1945 of Russian occupation arrested by Russians.

Deported to Ural mountains — together with thousands of German prisoners — to the Ural Mountains, to one of the slave POW labor camps of the Gulag system, prob. to KLW No. 508 Inzer in Republic of Bashkortostan.

Assigned to a sub‑camp in Beloretsk and sent to the mountains, to the small village of Novaya Nogatka.

There slaved cutting down forests, together with c. 18 other deportees from Mazury region in Poland.

There perished.

alt. details of death

There is a moving description of the conditions in the Novaya Nogatka camp and the details of the priest's death: „After six weeks of driving, after passing Ufa, they got off at a small station and set off into the mountains — on foot. They reached the village of Nogatka, which turned out to be the goal of their long journey. «Easy at the bottom and mountains at the top» — [the witness] describes the appearance of this place concisely. «Very high mountains» — adds. There was no railway to this town, there was no electricity. A kolkhoz, and next to it a small camp: three large barracks that formerly served as a place of isolation for Russian exiles. Even though it was the Southern Urals, the high location of Nogatka meant that snow remained there until July. And already in September a new one appeared. The short summer was quickly followed by winter. Forty‑degree frosts were starting.

Cold in the barracks. No floors, only boards here and there on which they slept, with water underneath and, more often, ice […] [Handmade] sheet metal stoves. There was nothing to burn, so they forced fresh birches. A part of it burned, they kept pushing it. There was no need to chop.

Food? Nettles, chaff, and as a delicacy — groats with rotten bream.

They worked in forest clearing, some worked in a sawmill. There they cut birch trees into meter‑long pieces, split them in half with a wedge and threw them into a heap. In July, when the snow began to melt and streams flowed down from the mountains, they threw the wood into the water and the current picked it up and carried it down.

[…] Many prisoners, especially educated ones, couldn't stand it mentally. Every now and then one was hanging in the woods.

[…] Mainly, however, thinning out took place in barracks, out of hunger and living conditions, including unbearable frost, severe for those unaccustomed to such low temperatures. Not a day passed without someone dying, and sometimes ten or more people were carried away dead. Initially, they were buried near the camp, in the mountains. Later they began to be taken away — nobody knows where. The corpses were tied with a chain and dragged onto a cart. A hand was sticking out — it was cut off.

[…] A priest from Chojnice was in the barracks. Led prayers. Fell ill, his eyes were fading. [Everything] was done to save him, to keep him alive. [They] brought him food: potatoes, milk. Despite this, the disease could not be stopped”.

cause of death

torment

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

26.04.1883

Świecietoday: Świecie gm., Świecie pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]

alt. dates and places
of birth

26.04.1888

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

24.03.1912 (Pelpin cathedralmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

positions held

1927 – 1945

parish priest — Lichnowytoday: Chojnice gm., Chojnice pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
⋄ St Hedwig of Silesia RC parish ⋄ Chojnicetoday: Chojnice urban gm., Chojnice pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery — also: inspector of religious education in elementary schools

from 15.02.1940

administrator — Dąbrówkatoday: Kamień Krajeński gm., Sępólno Krajeńskie pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ St Michael the Archangel RC parish ⋄ Kamień Pomorskitoday: Kamień Krajeński, Kamień Krajeński gm., Sępólno Krajeńskie pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery — acting („ad interim”)

1921 – 1927

parish priest — Białutytoday: Iłowo‑Osada gm., Działdowo pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ St James the Apostle RC parish ⋄ Pomesaniadeanery name
today: Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery

till 1921

vicar — Grabowotoday: Lubawa gm., Iława pov., Warmia–Masuria voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.29]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary RC parish

1912 – 1916

vicar — Jeżewotoday: Jeżewo gm., Świecie pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ Holy Trinity RC parish ⋄ Świecietoday: Świecie gm., Świecie pov., Kuyavia–Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1908 – 1912

student — Pelplintoday: Pelplin gm., Tczew pov., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.06]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

KLW No. 508 Inzer: Russian Rus. Концентрационный Лагерь для Военнопленных (Eng. POW Concentration Camp) KLW, managed by the genocidal Russian organization NKVD — and in practice by its Rus. Главное управление по делам военнопленных и интернированных (Eng. General Directorate for Prisoners of War and Internees) GUPWI — for German POWs, headquartered in Inzer in the Republic of Bashkortostan. Organized in 03.1945 on the basis of another POW camp, KLW 208 (operating from od 01.1945). It included 7 subcamps in various places in the republic. Among others prisoners from Warmia and Mazury in Poland were kept there. It operated till 10.1945. (more on: sfrik.omsu.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно‑трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea‑Baltic Canal (1931‑1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. He went down in history as the author of the principle „We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Alexander Solzhenitsyn, of the so‑called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — prisoner — i.e. Rus. заключенный‑каналоармец (Eng. canal soldier) — was coined in the ITL BelBaltLag managed by him, and was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held in Gulag camps at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

«Intelligenzaktion»: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called «AB‑aktion». During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop‑Molotov: Genocidal Russian‑German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‑called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‑Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‑Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‑Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‑German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‑pre‑Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.ug-jezewo.lo.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, www.lichnowy-parafia.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.10.05]
, bibliotekacyfrowa.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.01.19]
, genepedia.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]

bibliographical:
Biographical dictionary of priests of the Chełmno diocese ordained in the years 1821‑1920”, Henry Mross, Pelplin, 1995
original images:
www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.02.24]
, www.youtube.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.02.24]
, gdziebylec.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.11.11]

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