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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • WOJSA Stanislaus - Contemporary image, author: Ms Yolanda Młodecka, source: kujawsko-pomorskie.regiopedia.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWOJSA Stanislaus
    Contemporary image, author: Ms Yolanda Młodecka
    source: kujawsko-pomorskie.regiopedia.pl
    own collection

surname

WOJSA

forename(s)

Stanislaus (pl. Stanisław)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Lublin diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

academic distinctions

Bachelor of Theology

honorary titles

Minor Canon (Kalisz collegiate)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of death

01.11.1941

KL Dachau
Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bawaria, Germany

details of death

During Polish–Russian war of 1920 member of National Defence Committee in Lublin. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans, among Lublin Catholic University KUL employees, on 11.11.1939. Jailed in Castle prison in Lublin. On 20.06.1940 transported from KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Finally, on 14.12.1940, brought to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

03.02.1894

Pabianice
Pabianice pow., łódzkie voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

09.06.1918

positions held

1938–1939 — manager {Lublin, Boarding school for student priests, Catholic University of Lublin KUL (since 1928), Catholic University of Lublin KUL — clandestine, underground (1939‑44), University of Lublin (1918‑1928)}
1933–1938 — editor {magazine, „Indications”}
1927–1938 — director {diocesan, Catholic Action Institute; dioc.: Włocławek}
1927–c. 1930 — General secretary {Włocławek, Christian Workers Association; dioc.: Włocławek}
1927–1930 — chaplain {Włocławek, Christian Workers Association}, also patron
1927–1938 — vicar {parish: Włocławek, cathedral Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary}
1922–1938 — prefect {Włocławek, Kujawy Region's Junior High School for Women}
1922–1923 — prefect {Włocławek, Teachers' Seminary}
1918–1920 — student {Lublin, Catholic University of Lublin KUL (since 1928), Catholic University of Lublin KUL — clandestine, underground (1939‑44), University of Lublin (1918‑1928)}
till 1918 — student {Włocławek, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

comments

The urn containing the ashes of the victim — the body was prob. cremated at Germ. Ostfriedhof (Eng. Eastern cemetery) in Munich — is being kept in Am Perlacher Forst cemetery, at place known as Germ. Ehrenhain I (Eng. „Remembrance Grove nr 1”), in Munich (marked as urn no K1616)

others related in death

CIEŚLIK Stanislaus, GINTOWT-DZIEWAŁTOWSKI Peter, GORAL Vladislav, HUNICZ Anthony, KOSIOR Vaclav Justin, LENART John, MICHALEWSKI John, MYSAKOWSKI Stanislaus Francis, NIECHAJ Michael, OCHALSKI Zdislaus, POBOŻY Anthony, SUROWSKI Dominic, SZYSZKO Louis, ZAWISTOWSKI Anthony

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22716): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

Lublin (Castle): German penal and detention centre. Approx. 40,000 Poles were kept there prior to transport to German concentration camps. After German expulsion in 1944 Russian prison and next prison run by UB, Polish branch of Russian NKVD where thousands of members of clandestine resistance Home Army AK, part of Polish Clandestine State, and National Armed Forces NSZ where jailed, tortured and murdered (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

11.1939 arrests (Lublin): As part of „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish leading classes — that in Lublin took form of Sonderaktion Lublin (Eng. Action Special Lublin) on 11.1939 c. 2,000 intellectuals from Lublin were arrested by the Germans. On 11.11.1939 Germans entered Lublin Catholic University KUL and arrested 15 professors and lecturers of Lublin Theological Seminary. On 17.11.1939 Lublin bishop Marian Fulman, his deputy bp Vladislaus Goral and 11 other clerics were arrested. Curial building got robbed. In 11.1939 Germans formally closed KUL off, as well as Lublin schools and theatres. Altogether c. 100 clerics from Lublin and vicinity were arrested. All were locked in Castle prison in Lublin. On 27.11.1939 13 priests were sentenced by German Sondergericht (Eng. special court) to death. Those sentences were commuted later to life imprisonment. Most of the priests were on 04.12.1939 transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp and from there to KL Dachau concentration camp. Many were murdered. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.12.28], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.10.13], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23]
bibliograhical:
„Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislau Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‑08.1947
„Urns kept at the Am Perlacher Forst cemetery — analysis”, Mr Gregory Wróbel, curator of the Museum of Independence Traditions in Łódź, private correspondence, 25.05.2020
original images:
kujawsko-pomorskie.regiopedia.pl [access: 2018.02.15]

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