• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • WESSOLEK Hugh Augustus, source: thema.erzbistum-koeln.de, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOWESSOLEK Hugh Augustus
    source: thema.erzbistum-koeln.de
    own collection

surname

WESSOLEK

forename(s)

Hugh Augustus (pl. Hugon August)

forename(s)
versions/aliases

Hugh (pl. Hugo)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Warmia diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02]

date and place of birth

01.10.1905

Olsztyn
Olsztyn city Cou., Warmia-Masuria voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

31.03.1940

positions held

administrator of Ryn Reszelski parish (1942‑5), vicar of Kolno (1942‑5), f. vicar of Lamkowo (1941‑2), Klebark Wielki (1940‑1) parishes, f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Braniewo (till 1940), f. friar at Pallotines’ Congregation

date and place of death

23.03.1945

on Wystruć - Ural train line
Russia

cause of death

extermination

details of death

During German defense of East Prussia and Russian offensive at the end of II World War, started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939, arrested by the Russians on 17.02.1945. Brought to Korsze, overtaken by the victorious Russians on 28.01.1945. From Korsze where major Prussian railway crossing point was situated on 22.02.1945 Russians transported out 6 Catholic priests — in one truck — through Wystruć, Smoleńsk, deep inside Russia, into Ural mountains. Four priests did not survive — from exhaustion, lack of food and water — the transport: Fr William Schnarkowski, Fr Herbert Schulz, Fr Gerhard Thidigk and Fr Hugh Wessolek who prob. perished on the way to Smoleńsk. One, Fr Felix Zimmerman, perished in Russian concentration camp. Prob. another Catholic priest, Fr Martin Jabłoński perished in the same transport, though not in the same car.

alt. dates and places of death

17.02.1945

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

JABLOŃSKI Martin, SCHNARKOWSKI William, SCHULZ Herbert, THIDIGK Gerard, ZIMMERMANN Felix, BOCK Gilbert, ZIEGLER Richard

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Ural: In Ural mountains there were a numer of Russian concentration camsp and forced labour camps (part of Gulag penal system), eg. SevUralLag, TagilLag, VosUralLag, etc., and POW camps. (more on: www.gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.11.28])

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])

Wystruć: Russian transit camp set up in 1945 for German population of East Prussia — one of concentration centers of defeated Germans marked for slave work in Russia. In Wystruć (now: Chernyakhovsk) and in nearby Jurbork c. 60,000 people were held: men, women, girls and old. All were transported — in rail transfers lasting 4‑7 weeks, without hot food, proper sanitation — to Russians slave labour camps. Many perished before reaching destination… (more on: bazhum.muzhp.pl [access: 2018.09.02])

Deportation of Germans to Russia in 1945: On 06.02.19454 Russian State Defence Committee issued an order to intern all Germans, mainly men, able to work from the German territories captured by Russian army and transport them into Russia — to slave labour camps in Donbas region in Ukraine, to industrial centers in Ural mountains, to Russian occupied Belarus, etc. — in order to rebuild destroyed by the war Russia. It was planned to use c. 500,000 Germans, 17‑50 years old, although in practice much older were also arrested. From Upper Silesia only c. 90,000 Germans and Poles were deported 20% of which returned after many years. Among the victims were members of Polish clandestine Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) fighting with Germans. Tens of thousands were deported from Warmia and Mazurian regions. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
gross-kleeberg.de [access: 2013.05.19], files.bildarchiv-ostpreussen.de [access: 2018.11.18]
original images:
thema.erzbistum-koeln.de [access: 2018.02.15]

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