Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Peter Alexander (pl. Piotr Aleksander)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
date and place of birth
Sochaczew Cou., Masovia voiv., Poland
alt. dates and places of birth
presbyter (holy orders)/
22.06.1913 (Płock cathedral)
vicar of St Hedwig from Silesia parish (1931‑41) and chaplain in Our Lady of Mercy sisters' house (1931‑41) in Biała n. Płock , f. chaplain (and patient) of Rudka n. Mrozów spa (1921‑31), f. chaplain in Capuchins’ Sisters monastery in Przasnysz (1920‑1), f. vicar of Wąsewo (1914‑20), Nur (1913‑4) parishes
date and place of death
concentration camp, Działdowo, Działdowo Cou., Warmia-Masuria voiv., Poland
cause of death
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation arrested by the Germans evicted in 1940 by the Germans from the institute by the monastery where lived in. Arrested by the Germans on 07.03.1941. Transported to Płock and from there to KL Soldau concentration camp. There he perished.
alt. dates and places of death
n. Białut, Iłowo-Osada gm., Działdowo Cou., Warmia-Masuria voiv., Poland
alt. details of death
Murdered during an „attempt to erase typhus epidemic” in KL Soldau concentration camp.
others related in death
camps (+ prisoner no)
KL Soldau: KL Soldau concentration camp (in modern Działdowo city) — since the pre–war Polish Działdowo county was incorporated into Germ. Regierungsbezirk Allenstein (Eng. Olsztyn regency) the camp was located in occupied territories where general German law was in force, i.e. in Germany proper — was founded in 09.1939, when in former barracks of 32nd Infantry Regiment of Polish Army Germans set up a temporary camp for POW captured during September 1939 campaign. In autumn 1939 was also used as police jail. In 1939‑40 changed into niem. „ Durchgangslager für polnische Zivilgefangene” (Eng. Transit Camp for Polish Civilians), prior to transport to other concentration camps. In reality it was used then as a place of extermination of Polish intelligentsia within Germ. Intelligenzaktion genocidal program and extermination of sick and disabled within Aktion T4 program. Next in 05.1940 the camp was changed again into niem. Arbeitserziehungslager (Eng. Work Education Camp), and finally into penal comp for criminal and political prisoners, most of whom were sentenced to death. In 1939‑41 Germans imprisoned, maltreated and tortured in KL Soldau hundreds of Polish priests and religious. Approx. 80 priests, religious and nuns perished. They were murdered in the camp itself, by a shot into a head, or in places of mass executions in nearby forests — Białuty forest, Malinowo forets, Komorniki. Dates and precise locations of these murders remain unknown. Altogether in KL Soldau approx. 15,000 prisoners were murdered, including thousands victims — patients of psychiatric institutions (within Aktion T4 plan). (more on: mazowsze.hist.pl [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02])
Białucki forest: Execution site of prisoners held in the KL Soldau concentration camp. Among others Passionists from Przasnysz and c. 58 priests from Płock region were probably murdered there. Altogether in 1941‑5 Germans murdered there c. 12,000 KL Soldau prisoners. The victims were buried in 3 mass graves in the 200 ha forest. To cover up murders a pine trees were planted on the graves. In 1944 during „Kommando 10005” action Germans dug out the bodies, burnt them, scattered the ashes and again planted pine trees. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.01.13], www.polskaniezwykla.pl [access: 2015.05.09])
Płock: Detention centre and prison run by Germans.
02-03.1941 arrests (Zichenau region): In the night of 17/18.02.1941 and night of 06/07.03.1941 Germans arrested dozens of Catholic priests and nuns from Regierungsbezirk Zichenau, a occupied region belonging to German East Prussia province. All were transported through Płock prison to KL Soldau concentration camp. Among the arrested were two Catholic bishops of Płock diocese, abp Nowowiejski and bp Wetmański. Few priests were murdered in KL Soldau (including both bishops), more later on in other concentration camp, mainly in KL Dachau. Most of the nuns were subsequently released.
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])
mazowsze.hist.pl [access: 2012.11.23]
„Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939‑1945”, Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, Włocławek–Płock 2002
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
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MARTYROLOGY: TROJAŃCZYK Peter Alexander
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