• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

SPERAŃSKI

forename(s)

Stanislaus (pl. Stanisław)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Pinsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Kielce diocese
more on: www.diecezja.kielce.pl [access: 2012.12.28]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

07.02.1941

KL Dachau
Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria, Germany

alt. dates and places of death

02.08.1941

details of death

From 01.06.1919 reserve chaplain of the Polish Army. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, found himself under German occupation whereas his Mielnik parish — under Russian occupation. Arrested by the Germans in 1940. Jailed in Tarnów prison. On 13‑14.06.1940 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp — in the first ever such a mass transport (in 2nd class train coaches) of 728 political prisoners to KL Auschwitz (his name has been mentioned by his co‑prisoners though he did not get a camp’s number in KL Auschwitz). Finally on 12.12.1940 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished.

alt. details of death

According tpo some sources arrested by the Germans in Lower Seminary in Drohiczyn (not very probably for Drohiczyn was under Russian occupation and local Bishop’s gymnasium was shut by Germans in 1939). Next in 05‑06.1940 held in Pawiak prison in Warsaw. According to other sources arrested by the Germans on 10.07.1940. Jailed in Pawiak prison in Warsaw and on 21.09.1940 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

12.11.1892

Poręba Mrzygłodzka
Zawiercie pow., Silesia voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1916

positions held

from 1938 — administrator {parish: Mielnik, St Rock the Confessor; dean.: Drohiczyn}
1936–1938 — prefect {parish: Drohiczyn, The Holy Trinity; Lower Theological Seminary — Gymnasium for Men; dean.: Drohiczyn}, Church history teacher /1936‑8/, deputy director /1936‑7/, inspector /1937‑8/
1933–1936 — administrator {parish: Ruzhany, Holy Trinity; dean.: Kosava Polesky}, also: rector of a planned Mizgiri rectorate

comments

The urn containing the ashes of the victim — the body was prob. cremated at Germ. Ostfriedhof (Eng. Eastern cemetery) in Munich — is being kept in Am Perlacher Forst cemetery, at place known as Germ. Ehrenhain I (Eng. „Remembrance Grove nr 1”), in Munich (marked as urn no D1039)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22226): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Auschwitz: German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Tarnów: German penal and detention centre used by the Germans as a transit point prior to sending to concentration camps, i.e. KL Auschwitz. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw. Largest German prison in German‑led General Governorate. 100,000 prisoners went through it in the years 1939‑44, approx. 37,000 of which were murdered by the Germans in executions, during interrogations, in the cells or in the prison “hospital”. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.ordynariat.wp.mil.pl [access: 2012.12.28], www.polacyizydzi.pl [access: 2013.02.15], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Urns kept at the Am Perlacher Forst cemetery — analysis”, Mr Gregory Wróbel, curator of the Museum of Independence Traditions in Łódź, private correspondence, 25.05.2020
„Pinsk Diocese in Poland Clergy and Church Register”, Pinsk diocese bishop, 1933‑9, diocesan printing house

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