• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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surname

SPERAŃSKI

surname
versions/aliases

SPYRO

forename(s)

Stanislaus (pl. Stanisław)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Pinsk diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Kielce diocesemore on
www.diecezja.kielce.pl
[access: 2012.12.28]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of death

07.02.1941

KL Dachauconcentration camp
today: Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2016.05.30]

alt. dates and places of death

02.08.1941

details of death

From 01.06.1919 chaplain of the Polish Army reserve.

During the Second Polish Republic, 1918‑39, often changed parishes.

Also switched the diocese, moving to the Diocese of Pinsk, changing his name at the same time (the names of Spyra, Spyro, Spiro and Sperański were used in the documentation).

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, found himself under German occupation whereas his Mielnik parish — under Russian occupation.

Arrested by the Germans in 1940.

Jailed in Tarnów prison.

On 13‑14.06.1940 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp — in the first ever such a mass transport (in 2nd class train coaches) of 728 political prisoners to KL Auschwitz (however, note: his name appears in the memories of fellow prisoners and in the records of KL Auschwitz with the date of arrival on 14.06.1940, but he is not on the detailed lists of prisoners from the aforementioned transport from Tarnów).

Finally on 12.12.1940 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished.

alt. details of death

According to some sources, arrested in the spring of 1940 by the German border guards during an attempt to cross the border established by the Russian and German occupiers along the Bug River.

According to others, arrested in the Lower Seminary in Drohiczyn (unlikely, since Drohiczyn was under Russian occupation and local Bishop's gymnasium was shut by Germans in 1939 — perhaps attempted to cross the border near Drohiczyn).

Next in 05‑06.1940 held in Pawiak prison in Warsaw.

According to other sources arrested by the Germans on 10.07.1940.

Jailed in Pawiak prison in Warsaw and on 21.09.1940 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp (the KL Auschwitz registers record the admission on that day of a prisoner named „Sporański” and giving him prison number 4724).

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

12.11.1892

Poręba Mrzygłodzkatoday: part of town of Poręba, Poręba urban gm., Zawiercie pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

alt. dates and places of birth

19.11.1892

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1916

positions held

from 1938

administrator {parish: Mielniktoday: Mielnik gm., Siemiatycze pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, St Rock the Confessor; dean.: Drohiczyntoday: Drohiczyn gm., Siemiatycze pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
}

1936 – 1938

prefect {parish: Drohiczyntoday: Drohiczyn gm., Siemiatycze pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, Holy Trinity; Lower Theological Seminary — Gymnasium for Men; dean.: Drohiczyntoday: Drohiczyn gm., Siemiatycze pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
}, Church history teacher /1936‑8/, deputy director /1936‑7/, inspector /1937‑8/

1933 – 1936

administrator {parish: Ruzhanytoday: Pruzhany dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, Holy Trinity; dean.: Kosava Poleskayatoday: Kosava, Ivatsevichy dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.19]
}, also: rector of a planned Mizgiri rectorate

c. 1930

resident {Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}

1929 – c. 1930

prefect {parish: Drohiczyntoday: Drohiczyn gm., Siemiatycze pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, Holy Trinity; Lower Theological Seminary — Gymnasium for Men; dean.: Drohiczyntoday: Drohiczyn gm., Siemiatycze pow., Podlaskie voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
}

c. 1928

vicar {parish: Luninetstoday: Luninets dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
, main parish Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Luninetstoday: Luninets dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
}, acting („ad interim”)

c. 1926

resident {Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
}, prob. participant of lectures at Stephen Batory University

1922 – 1925

parish priest {parish: Poborowicetoday: hamlet of Dobranowice village, Igołomia–Wawrzeńczyce gm., Kraków pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Proszowicetoday: Proszowice gm., Proszowice pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]
}

c. 1921 – 1922

parish priest {parish: Szczebrzusztoday: Łubnice gm., Staszów pow., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.05.29]
, St John the Baptist; dean.: Pacanówtoday: Pacanów gm., Busko–Zdrój pow., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
}

c. 1920 – c. 1921

prefect {parish: Będzintoday: Będzin pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, Holy Trinity; dean.: Będzintoday: Będzin pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
}, Higher Realschule, Wanda Replińska's Gymnasium for Females, Hedwig Krzymowska's Humanities Gymnasium for Females

1919 – c. 1920

chaplain {parish: Dąbrowa Górniczatoday: Dąbrowa Górnicza city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
, Our Lady of the Angels and St Alexander; St Barbara's hospital and St Vincent's hospital by Bankowa Ironworks; dean.: Będzintoday: Będzin pow., Silesia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.12.11]
}, also: prefekt of elementary schools and Emily Zawidzka's Gymnasium for Females

1919 – c. 1921

vicar {parish: Nowy Korczynform.: Nowe Miasto Korczyn
today: Nowy Korczyn gm., Busko–Zdrój pow., Holy Cross voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Holy Trinity; dean.: Pacanówtoday: Pacanów gm., Busko–Zdrój pow., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
}, formal posting

1918 – 1919

vicar {parish: Prandocintoday: Słomniki gm., Kraków pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland, St John the Baptist; dean.: Prandocintoday: Słomniki gm., Kraków pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland}

1917 – 1918

vicar {parish: Kazimierza Wielkatoday: Kazimierza Wielka gm., Kazimierza Wielka pow., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Pińczówtoday: Pińczów gm., Pińczów pow., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
}

1912 – 1916

student {Kielcetoday: Kielce city pow., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

comments

The urn containing the ashes of the victim — the body was prob. cremated at Germ. Ostfriedhof (Eng. Eastern cemetery) in Munich — is being kept in Am Perlacher Forst cemetery, at place known as Germ. Ehrenhain I (Eng. „Remembrance Grove nr 1”), in Munich (marked as urn no D1039)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22226Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 4724): German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

Tarnów: German penal and detention centre used by the Germans as a transit point prior to sending to concentration camps, i.e. KL Auschwitz. (more on: www.sw.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw, built by the Russian occupiers of Poland in 1830‑5. During the Poland partition's period, a Russian investigative prison, both criminal and political. During World War II and the German occupation, the largest German prison in the General Government. Initially, it was subordinate to the Justice Department of the General Governorate, and from 03.1940 Germ. Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienst (Eng. Security Police and Security Service) of the Warsaw District — in particular the German Secret Political Police Gestapo. c. 3,000 prisoners were kept in Pawiak permanently, of which about 2,200 in the men's unit and c. 800 in the women's unit (the so‑called Serbia) — with a „capacity” of c. 1,000 prisoners. In total, in the years 1939–1944, c. 100,000 Poles passed through the prison, of which c. 37,000 were murdered in executions — from 10.1943 Pawiak prisoners were murdered in open executions on the streets of Warsaw (sometimes several times a day) — during interrogations, in cells or in a prison „hospital”, and c. 60,000 were taken in 95 transports to concentration camps (mainly KL Auischwitz), other places of isolation or to forced labor. The prison Germans demolished during the Warsaw Uprising in 08‑10.1944. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.08.17]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Polish-Russian war of 1919—21: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

sources

personal:
www.ordynariat.wp.mil.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
, www.polacyizydzi.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.02.15]
, www.ipgs.usClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]

bibliograhical:, „Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981, „Urns kept at the Am Perlacher Forst cemetery — analysis”, Mr Gregory Wróbel, curator of the Museum of Independence Traditions in Łódź, private correspondence, 25.05.2020, „Pinsk Diocese in Poland Clergy and Church Register”, Pinsk diocese bishop, 1933‑9, diocesan printing house

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