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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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surname

SŁODNIK

forename(s)

Edmund Stanislaus (pl. Edmund Stanisław)

function

religious seminarian

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the Holy Family Missionaries (Missionaries of the Holy Family - MSF)more on
fr.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

MSF Polish Province

date and place of death

03.03.1942

KL Niederhagenconcentration camp
today: n. Wewelsburg, Paderborn dist., North Rhine–Westphalia state, Germany

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.10.13]

alt. dates and places of death

1941

KL Gusen Iconcentration camp
today: n. St. Georgen an der Gusen, Sankt Georgen an der Gusen, Perg dist., Salzburg state, Austria

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the World War II, due to the rapid German attack, the clerics in Bąblin left the house where they were studying, and on the night of 02‑03.09.1939, reached the Congregation's house in Kazimierz Biskupi.

After a few days, the clerics were released and scatter and prob. then went home — the monastery itself was taken over by the Germans on 13.09.1939 (on 09.11.1939 Germans set up there, formally, an internment camp for Catholic priests).

Arrested by the Germans prob. in 1940, and on 21.05.1940 brought to Szczeglin transit camp.

From there transported out to KL Dachau concentration camp which reached on 24.05.1940.

On 03.09.1940 transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

Finally transferred to KL Niederhagen concentration camp where perished.

alt. details of death

According to some sources perished in KL Gusen I concentration camp — part of KL Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camps' complex — where was to slave in quarries.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

09.06.1912

Przemęttoday: Przemęt gm., Wolsztyn pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.04.02]

alt. dates and places of birth

09.06.1912

Boguszyntoday: Włoszczakowice gm., Leszno pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

religious vows

15.08.1934 (temporary)

positions held

till 1939

student {Bąblintoday: Oborniki gm., Oborniki pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Theological Study (higher theological seminary), Congregation's house, Congregation of Missionaries of the Holy Family Fathers}, 3rd year from 09.1939

student {Kruszewotoday: Ujście gm., Piła pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
, Philosophical Study (minor theological seminary), Congregation's house, Congregation of Missionaries of the Holy Family Fathers}, prob.

1933 – 1934

novitiate {Kazimierz Biskupitoday: Kazimierz Biskupi gm., Konin pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, Congregation's house, Congregation of Missionaries of the Holy Family Fathers}

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Niederhagen: German Germ. Konzentrationslager (Eng. Concentration camp) in the vicinity of Wewelsburg castle in North Rhine–Westphalia, operational from 05.1939 till 02.04.1945. Founded to serve German SS genocidal organization. First 100 prisoners were brought from KL Sachsenhausen camp and till 01.09.1941 it served as a sub‑camp of KL Sachsenhausen. Later, till 01.05.1943, it operated as an autonomous camp finally to become a sub‑camp of KL Buchenwald concentration camp. The prisoners slaved at castle rebuilding, road construction and forest upkeep. C. 3,900 were held captive of which 1,285 perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.10.13]
)

KL Sachsenhausen (prisoner no: 31513Click to display biography): In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.11.18]
)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 11399Click to display biography): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: On c. 09.11.1940, Reichsführer–SS Heinrich Himmler, head of the SS, Gestapo and German police, as a result of the Vatican's intervention, decided to transfer all clergymen detained in various concentration camps to KL Dachau camp. The first major transports took place on 08.12.1940. In KL Dachau Germans held approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2016.05.30]
)

KL Mauthausen-Gusen (prisoner no: 29400): A large group of German concentration camps set up around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria, c. 30 km east of Linz, operational from 1938 till 05.1945. Over time it became of the largest labour camp complexes in the German–controlled part of Europe encompassing four major camps concentration camps (Mauthausen, Gusen I, Gusen II and Gusen III) and more than 50 sub–camps where inmates slaved in quarries (the granite extracted, previously used to pave the streets of Vienna, was intended for a complete reconstruction of major German towns according to Albert Speer plans), munitions factories, mines, arms factories and Me 262 fighter–plane assembly plants. The complex served the needs of the German war machine and also carried out extermination through labour. Initially did not have a its own gas chamber and the intended victims were mostly moved to the infamous Hartheim Castle, 40.7 km east, or killed by lethal injection and cremated in the local crematorium. Later a van with the exhaust pipe connected to the inside shuttled between Mauthausen and Gusen. In 12.1941 a permanent gas chamber was built. C. 122,000‑360,000 of prisoners perished. Many Polish priests were held, including those captured during the program of extermination of Polish intelligentsia („Intelligenzaktion”). The camp complex was founded and run as a source for cheap labour for private enterprise. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.10]
)

Szczeglin: Transit and labour camp, operational from 01.10.1939 till 15.09.1940. Germans kept there approx. 4,600 Poles before transporting them to concentration camps. Among others on 29.08.1940 Germans sent from Szczeglin 188 Polish priests to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Approx. 150 of those held in Szczeglin were murdered — some in the camp itself, the others in an execution site in Świerkowice forest. (more on: www.dsh.waw.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.06.23]
)

Kazimierz Biskupi: As part of Germ. „Intelligenzaktion”, a program aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia, the Germans set up an internment camp for altogether 42 Polish Catholic priests, mainly from Greater Poland (Wielkopolski) — activists of Catholic organizations, canons of the Poznań cathedral chapter, Dominican and Conventual Franciscan friars from Poznań — in the Missionary of the Holy Family (MSF) monastery, in Kazimierz Biskupi village, near Konin. The camp operated from 09.11.1939 to 26.08.1940. Some of the priests were released by Germans, the rest being transported to German concentration camps, where 8 of them perished. (more on: regionwielkopolska.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.10.05]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
www.msf.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
, polacywberlinie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.05.19]

bibliograhical:, „A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965

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