• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

SKOWROŃSKI

forename(s)

Alfred

  • SKOWROŃSKI Alfred - Commemorative plaque, Beheading of St John the Baptist basilica, Chojnice, source: gdziebylec.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSKOWROŃSKI Alfred
    Commemorative plaque, Beheading of St John the Baptist basilica, Chojnice
    source: gdziebylec.pl
    own collection
  • SKOWROŃSKI Alfred - Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist cathedral, Toruń, source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSKOWROŃSKI Alfred
    Commemorative plaque, St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist cathedral, Toruń
    source: gdansk.ipn.gov.pl
    own collection
  • SKOWROŃSKI Alfred - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSKOWROŃSKI Alfred
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23]

date and place of death

14.01.1942

KL Dachau
Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bavaria, Germany

alt. dates and places of death

15.01.1942

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans at the beginning of 09.1939 by the Germans. Held in Drożdzienica (IL Resmin) transit camp. After a few days released. Arrested again on 22.10.1939. Held in Chojnice prison. On 11.11.1939 transported to Zamarte transit camp. From 04.04.1940 held in KL Stutthof concentration camp and next on 09‑10.04.1940 moved to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Finally on 14.12.1940 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

11.11.1910

Bremen
Bremen, Germany

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

11.06.1938 (Pelpin cathedral)

positions held

1939 — vicar {parish: Chojnice, Beheading of St John the Baptist; dean.: Chojnice}
c. 1938–c. 1939 — vicar {parish: Działdowo, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Lidzbark–Pomezania}
till 1938 — student {Pelplin, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

comments

The urn containing the ashes of the victim — the body was prob. cremated at Germ. Ostfriedhof (Eng. Eastern cemetery) in Munich — is being kept in Am Perlacher Forst cemetery, at place known as Germ. Ehrenhain I (Eng. „Remembrance Grove nr 1”), in Munich (marked as urn no K1828)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22340): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

Zamarte: One of the camps for civilians organised by Germans in 1939, as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — mainly for Catholic priests — set up in an Old Priests’ House. (more on: www.new.eksploracja.eu [access: 2014.03.10])

Chojnice: In a correctional facillity for minors Germans set up in 1939 and 1940 a prison for Poles from Chojnice county. Most of the prisoners, including c. 215 mentally ill children, were exterminated — as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Pomerania — in a nearby execution site in Pola Igelskie. In 1941‑3 transit camp for Poles destine for slave labour in Germany. (more on: www.sdnchojnice.pl [access: 2013.12.04])

IL Resmin: German transit camp (niem. Internierungslager) in Radzim village, set up in a local manor for Krajno region inhabitants, operational from 10.1939 till 12.1939 — exclusively men (some women and children who found themselves accidentally were murdered on the spot). Among others on c. 15.01.1939 Germans brought to it — and to a small sub‑camp Komierowo, c. 10 km away — all prisoners of a nearby — c. 10 km — transit camp in Drożdzienica. As a part of „Intelligenzaktion” — aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Pomerania — Germans murdered in Radzim approx. 5,000 victims. They were murdered at the camp itself (mainly in the manor’s park) or executed outside, in a site of mass executions in Rudzki Most n. Tuchola among others. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19])

Drożdzienica: Transit camp for interned Krajno region inhabitants, set up in a farm (prisoners were held in in pigsties and cowsheds), operational from c. 05.09.1939 till 15.10.1939 when the prisoner were transferred to Radzim concentration camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.01.21])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.01.21], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

sources

personal:
www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.zapiskihistoryczne.pl [access: 2017.01.21], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.10.13], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23]
bibliograhical:
„Urns kept at the Am Perlacher Forst cemetery — analysis”, Mr Gregory Wróbel, curator of the Museum of Independence Traditions in Łódź, private correspondence, 25.05.2020
original images:
gdziebylec.pl [access: 2019.11.11], gdansk.ipn.gov.pl [access: 2020.10.02]

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