• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • SIMOLEIT Herbert, source: www.gdw-berlin.de, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSIMOLEIT Herbert
    source: www.gdw-berlin.de
    own collection

surname

SIMOLEIT

forename(s)

Herbert

  • SIMOLEIT Herbert - Monument-cenotaph?, St Hedwig cemetery, Berlin, source: staedtepartner-stettin.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSIMOLEIT Herbert
    Monument-cenotaph?, St Hedwig cemetery, Berlin
    source: staedtepartner-stettin.org
    own collection
  • SIMOLEIT Herbert - Memorial, Südfriedhof cemetery, Halle (Salle), Germany, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSIMOLEIT Herbert
    Memorial, Südfriedhof cemetery, Halle (Salle), Germany
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • SIMOLEIT Herbert - Commemorative plaque (1994, bronze, James Lewiński), St John the Baptist church, Szczecin, source: docplayer.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSIMOLEIT Herbert
    Commemorative plaque (1994, bronze, James Lewiński), St John the Baptist church, Szczecin
    source: docplayer.org
    own collection
  • SIMOLEIT Herbert - Commemorative plaque, St Hedwig of Silesia cathedral, Berlin-Mitta, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOSIMOLEIT Herbert
    Commemorative plaque, St Hedwig of Silesia cathedral, Berlin-Mitta
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Berlin diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04]

nationality

German

date and place of death

13.11.1944

Halle
Saxony-Anhalt

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War during his weekly meetings with youth and soldiers talked about need to stop the war and discussed vast crimes perpetrated by the Germans, among others murders of Jews. Arrested on 04‑05.02.1943 by the Germans in Szczecin, during „Fall Stettin” — action aimed at Catholic clergy — together with Fr Albert Hirsch, Fr Charles Lampert, Fr Friedrich Lorenz and Fr Alphonse Maria Wachsmann (arrested later), among others. Held in German political police Gestapo prison in Szczecin. Interrogated numerous times and tortured. Next brought to a prison in Berlin and from there, on 06.12.1943, transferred to Roter Ochse prison in Halle (Salle) where on 30.12.1943 tried by the highest military court Reichskriegsgericht, together with Fr Charles Lampert and Fr Friedrich Lorenz, accused of treason and sedition. Found guilty but the lack of unanimity between the judges — only some voted for death penalty — the sentence was not signed. Prob. on 14.01.1944 sent to German army Wehrmacht prison in Torgau. On 27.07.1944 tried in Halle again, with the aforementioned priests, and again found guilty. Before however signing the death sentence during the following night presiding judge, Werner Lueben, committed suicide leaving a note stating that „These are neither 'criminals' nor 'asocial elements'. Their only tragedy is that they are Catholic priests!” Finally on 08.09.1944 (or 02‑04.09.1944) in Torgau sentenced to death — for the third time. On 10.11.1944 brought to Roter Ochse prison in Halle and beheaded, together with two aforementioned priests.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

22.05.1908

Berlin
Berlin

alt. dates and places of birth

08.05.1908

Steglitz-Berlin
Berlin

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

25.03.1939

positions held

1941–1943 — vicar {parish: Szczecin, St John the Baptist}
1939–1941 — vicar {parish: Greifswald}
till 1939 — student {Fulda, philosophy and theology, Seminary}

others related in death

HIRSCH Albert, LAMPERT Charles, LORENZ Frederick, WACHSMANN Alphonse Mary

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Fall Stettin: German action against Catholic church in Szczecin and Pomerania region. Using provocation — among others German political police Gestapo disseminated rumours that Catholic priest allegedly installed broadcasting radio‑station on top the St John the Baptist church steeple and were secretly transmitting information to London — on 04‑05.02.1943 Germans arrested 40 people, including 11 Catholic priests, friars and nuns, accusing them of spying for allies. Some of the arrested were subsequently murdered (including five Catholic priests – four of whom were tried, sentenced to death and beheaded in the prison), the rest were sent to concentration camps. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
niedziela.pl [access: 2012.11.23], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
original images:
www.gdw-berlin.de [access: 2019.04.16], staedtepartner-stettin.org [access: 2019.04.16], commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2019.04.16], docplayer.org [access: 2019.04.16], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04]

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