• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • RYDLEWSKI Sigismund John; source: Holy Ghost Fathers (www.duchacze.pl), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORYDLEWSKI Sigismund John
    source: Holy Ghost Fathers (www.duchacze.pl)
    own collection
  • RYDLEWSKI Sigismund John, source: duchacze.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORYDLEWSKI Sigismund John
    source: duchacze.pl
    own collection
  • RYDLEWSKI Sigismund John, source: ordynariat.wp.mil.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFORYDLEWSKI Sigismund John
    source: ordynariat.wp.mil.pl
    own collection

surname

RYDLEWSKI

forename(s)

Sigismund John (pl. Zygmunt Jan)

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the Holy Spirit under the protection of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Holy Ghost Fathers - CSSp)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of birth

01.05.1868

Książ Wielkopolski (Śrem county)

religious vows

15.08.1893 (temporary)
09.06.1896 (permanent)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

28.10.1892 (Orly)

positions held

superior and novice master in Puszczykowo n. Poznań (1933‑9), first superior of Holy Ghost Congregation’s vice–province of Poland (1925‑6), founder of the religious house and orphanage in Bydgoszcz (1921‑32), f. parish priest of Immaculate Heart of Mary's parish in Pittsburgh PA USA (1914‑7), f. friar of Congregation’s house in Ferndale PA USA (1912‑4) — house steward and director and master of novices, f. lecturer of moral theology in seminary in Ferndale PA USA (1912‑4), f. parish priest of St Joseph parish in Mount Carmel PA USA (1906‑12), f. director of Cornwells College PA USA (1905‑6), f. director of Bobrek n. Oświęcim orphanage (1904‑5), f. lecturer of moral theology at Cornwells College PA USA (till 1904), f. provincial steward at Cornwells College PA USA (c. 1898‑1904), f. administrator of Immaculate Heart of Mary's parish in Pittsburgh PA USA (1897‑8), f. vicar of the St Stanislaus parish in Pittsburgh PA USA (1893‑8), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Chevilly (till 1892), in Congregation from 18.04.1885

date and place of death

02.01.1941

Lubiń (Kościan county)

cause of death

extermination

details of death

At the end of I World War volunteered in 01.1918 Polish army formed in Niagara on the Lake in Canada as chaplain. In 08.1918 troops landed in France. Took post of the dean of Gen. Joseph Haller’s army. Took part in last battles on the western front and next in Polish–Ukrainian war (05‑06.1919). With Gen. Joseph Haller’s army — within 11th Infantry Division and 4th Sappers’ Regiment — took part in battles of Pomeranian Front with Germans for Polish Pomerania (10.1919–03.1920). In 07.1920 moved to Gen. Rozwadowski’s Group, as the dean of 3rd Army of Polish Armed Forces. Took part in Polish–Russian war (1919‑21). Demobilised on 20.12.1920 in deputy colonel rank. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested and interned by the Germans on 02.11.1939 in Puszczykowo. Next in the spring of 1940 transferred to Ląd transit camp and next to Chludowo transit camp. According to some source also held in Goruszki transit camp. Finally at the end of 1940 transported to Lubiń transit camp where perished.

perpetrators

Germans

biography (own resources)

click to read biography from our resources

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Lubiń: In a benedictine monastery in Lubiń n. Kościan in 1940 Germans set up an internment (transit) camp for Polish priests and religious from Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) region. Approx. 150 of them were subsequently transferred to KL Dachau concentration camp. (more on: www.benedyktyni.net [access: 2013.08.10], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Goruszki: Franciscan cloister Goruszki in Miejska Górka was an internment (transit) camp for priest from surrounding counties, prior to transport to the German concentration camps. (more on: www.franciszkanie-goruszki.pl [access: 2013.08.10])

Chludowo: In the Divine Word Missionary (SVD) congregation house, in 1940, Germans set up a transit camp for religious and priests from the nearby counties. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23])

Ląd: In 1940‑41, in a formerly cistercian priory and monastery (today Salesian Institute) in Ląd on Warta river Germans set‑up a transit camp for Polish priests and religious, from Włocławek, Gniezno, Warszawa, Poznań, Płock and Częstochowa dioceses and religious and monks from a number of congregations. Approx. 152 religious (70 till 03.04.1941 and 82 in 6‑28.10.1941) were held there prior to being sent to KL Dachau concentration camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10], yadda.icm.edu.pl [access: 2016.03.14])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10], yadda.icm.edu.pl [access: 2016.03.14], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Ukrainian war of 1918—9: One of the wars for borders of the newly reborn Poland. At the end of 1918 on the former Austro–Hungarian empire’s territory, based on the Ukrainian military units of the former Austro–Hungarian army, Ukrainians waged war against Poland. In particular attempted to create foundation of an independent state and attacked Lviv. Thanks to heroic stance of Lviv inhabitants, in particular young generation of Poles — called since then Lviv eaglets — the city was recaptured by Poles and for a number of months successfully defended against furious Ukrainian attacks. In 1919 Poland — its newly created army — pushed Ukrainian forces far to the east and south, regaining control over its territory. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.05.20])

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
www.duchacze.pl [access: 2012.12.28], www.wtg-gniazdo.org [access: 2013.08.10], ordynariat.wp.mil.pl [access: 2015.09.30], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10]
original images:
www.duchacze.pl [access: 2012.12.28], duchacze.pl [access: 2019.05.30], ordynariat.wp.mil.pl [access: 2015.09.30]

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