• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • ROSZKOWSKI Anthony, source: psbprzedborz.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSZKOWSKI Anthony
    source: psbprzedborz.pl
    own collection

surname

ROSZKOWSKI

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • ROSZKOWSKI Anthony - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus Kostka cathedral, Łódź, source: www.katedra.lodz.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSZKOWSKI Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus Kostka cathedral, Łódź
    source: www.katedra.lodz.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Łódź diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Sandomierz diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Military Ordinariate of Polandmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.12.20]

academic distinctions

Habilitation Doctor of Economy
Doctor of Economy and Political Sciences

honorary titles

Rochettum et Mantolettum canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]

Gold „Cross of Merit”more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2019.04.16]

honorary canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
(Łódź cathedral)

date and place
of death

06.09.1939

Babsktoday: Biała Rawska gm., Rawa Mazowiecka pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]

details of death

On 01.06.1919, after Poland regained its independence, appointed chaplain of the Polish Army reserve — the service lasted c. 2 years.

Prob. took part in the Polish–Russian war of 1919‑1921, in particular in the decisive battle of Warsaw in 08.1920, which ended with the defeat of the Russians (the so—called Miracle on the Vistula).

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the World War II perished during German aerial bombardment of the civilian population, when joined thousands of Polish refugees attempting to flee from advancing Germans to the east, on the road from Łódź to Warsaw, 10 km from Rawa Mazowiecka.

cause of death

shelling (bombardment)

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

07.04.1894

Żarnówtoday: Żarnów gm., Opoczno pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]

alt. dates and places
of birth

08.04.1894, 07.03.1894, 07.05.1894

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1916

positions held

1937 – 1939

dean — Zgierztoday: Zgierz urban gm., Zgierz pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
RC deanery

1937 – 1939

parish priest — Zgierztoday: Zgierz urban gm., Zgierz pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ St Catherine of Alexandria the Virgin and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Zgierztoday: Zgierz urban gm., Zgierz pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
RC deanery

from c. 1933

lecturer — Łódźtoday: Łódź city pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ [Free Polish Academy (1928‑1939) / University of Łódź (from 1945)] — from 1937/1938 prob. professor; also: diocesan correspondent of the Catholic Press Agency in Warsaw, secretary of the diocesan Secretariat for Workers' Affairs (from c. 1933), censor of religious books (c. 1937 ‑ c. 1938), Diocesan Curia s Inspector of School (c. 1937), prefect at the Mathematical and Natural Sciences Gymnasium for Boys of the Merchants' Association at 68 Narutowicza Square in Łódź (c. 1936)

from c. 1933

lecturer — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ [Higher School of Commerce (1926‑1938) / Academy of Commerce (1938‑1950) / Higher School of Economics (1950‑1974) / University of Economics (since 1974)] — from c. 1938 prob professor

from c. 1933

associate professor — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Faculty of Law and Economics, Adam Mickiewicz University (from 1955), University of Poland (1945‑1955, 1920‑1939), Piast University (1919‑1920), Royal Academy (1903‑1918) — also: lecturer

c. 1932 – 1933

postdoctoral degree (habilitation) — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Faculty of Law and Economics, Adam Mickiewicz University (from 1955), University of Poland (1945‑1955, 1920‑1939), Piast University (1919‑1920), Royal Academy (1903‑1918) — habilitation thesis „Catholic corporatism”), defense in 03.1933, published in Poznań 1932

c. 1932

student — outside the diocese (prob. a trip to Italy to undertake further research on the local social–Catholic movement)

c. 1930 – 1932

General secretary — Łódźtoday: Łódź city pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
Lat. „Secretariatus Rerum Socialium” (Eng. „Sekretariat of Social Affairs”), Diocesan Curia

c. 1930

student — civil law — postgraduate specialised studies crowned with a Master's degree

1923 – c. 1932

professor — Łódźtoday: Łódź city pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Theological Seminary — with a break in c. 1929 for a trip to France and Belgium to conduct research on the local Catholic–social movement; also: editor of the diocesan weekly „Catholic Word”, prefect of elementary schools (1923‑1926), school inspector in the city of Łódź (c. 1926), chaplain of the Congregation of the Ursuline Sisters at 6 Czerwona Str. in Łódź (c. 1929), prefect of the Commerce Gymnasium in Łódź (c. 1932), co‑organizer of the Catholic Workers' University in Łódź established under the patronage of the Diocesan Institute of Catholic Action (c. 1930)

c. 1923 – 1924

PhD student — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Faculty of Law and Economics, Adam Mickiewicz University (from 1955), University of Poland (1945‑1955, 1920‑1939), Piast University (1919‑1920), Royal Academy (1903‑1918) — PhD thesis „ocial and economic views of August Cieszkowski”, public defense in 1924, published in Poznań 1923

c. 1921 – 1923

student — Poznańtoday: Poznań city pov., Greater Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
⋄ Faculty of Law and Economics, Adam Mickiewicz University (from 1955), University of Poland (1945‑1955, 1920‑1939), Piast University (1919‑1920), Royal Academy (1903‑1918) — postgraduate specialised studies crowned with a Master's degree

c. 1920

student — Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pov., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
⋄ [University of Warsaw (from 1945) / clandestine University (1939‑1945) / Joseph Piłsudski University (1935‑1939) / University of Warsaw (1915‑1935) / Imperial University of Warsaw (1870‑1915)] — postgraduate specialised studies continued next in Poznań

1917 – 1919

vicar — Przedbórztoday: Przedbórz gm., Radomsko pov., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
⋄ St Alex the Confessor RC parish ⋄ Końskietoday: Końskie gm., Końskie pov., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.05.30]
RC deanery

c. 1917

vicar — Kunówtoday: Kunów gm., Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski pov., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
⋄ St Vladislav King of Hungary RC parish ⋄ Kunówtoday: Kunów gm., Ostrowiec Świętokrzyski pov., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.02]
RC deanery

1916 – c. 1917

vicar — Iwaniskatoday: Iwaniska gm., Opatów pov., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
⋄ St Catherine the Virgin and Martyr RC parish ⋄ Opatówtoday: Opatów gm., Opatów pov., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
RC deanery

1911 – 1916

student — Sandomierztoday: Sandomierz urban gm., Sandomierz pov., Holy Cross voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

author — author of many works in the field of Christian economic policy: e.g. „The Supreme Chamber of Commerce in Poland and abroad”, Łódź 1928, „Social Catholicism. An outline of the development of socio–Catholic views”, Poznań 1932, a series of articles in „Social Guide” (e.g. „Corporate reconstruction of Italy in the Catholic–social light”) and „Legal, Economic and Sociological Movement” (e.g. „Development trends in Italian corporatism”)

others related
in death

KACZMAREKClick to display biography Roman

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Air raids 1939: During invasion of Poland commenced on 01.09.1939 Germans systematically attacked civilian targets. Many cities (Wieluń, Frampol, Warszawa, Lwów, Łomża, Puck, etc.) were bombed during air raids and totally destroyed. The hospitals and churches, visibly marked as such, were not spared. German planes also attacked columns of fleeing people on the roads, massacring them. It is estimated that c. 150,000‑200,000 civilians were killed or murdered by the Germans in 09.1939. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
)

Ribbentrop‑Molotov: Genocidal Russian‑German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‑called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‑Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‑Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‑Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‑German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‑pre‑Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

Polish‑Russian war of 1919‑1921: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik‑like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

sources

personal:
archidiecezja.lodz.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, dziwoszbogdan.republika.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
, www.psbprzedborz.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]

original images:
psbprzedborz.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, www.katedra.lodz.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]

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MARTYROLOGY: ROSZKOWSKI Anthony

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