• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - 1937, Pelplin seminary; source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    1937, Pelplin seminary
    source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness
    own collection
  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph, source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    source: www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl
    own collection
  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - 1937, Pelplin seminary; source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    1937, Pelplin seminary
    source: thanks to Mr Wojciech Wielgoszewski kindness
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

ROSKWITALSKI

forename(s)

Joseph (pl. Józef)

  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - Monument to the priests-martyrs 1939—45, parish cemetery, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    Monument to the priests-martyrs 1939—45, parish cemetery, Pelplin
    source: own collection
  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - Commemorative plaque, monument to the murdered, Tczew, source: www.panoramio.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, monument to the murdered, Tczew
    source: www.panoramio.com
    own collection
  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - Monument to the murdered, Tczew, source: www.portalpomorza.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    Monument to the murdered, Tczew
    source: www.portalpomorza.pl
    own collection
  • ROSKWITALSKI Joseph - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROSKWITALSKI Joseph
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Theology

honorary titles

minor canon (Pelpin cathedral)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of birth

24.04.1893

Dąbrówka (Starogard Gdański county)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

14.05.1916

positions held

rector of the Theological Seminary in Pelplin (1935‑9) — professor of pedagogy, catechesisa and pastoral theology, diocesan censor of religious publications (1936‑9), f. PhD theology student at John Casimir University in Lviv (till 1933) and at Theology Department of Warsaw University, f. vicar of Grudziądz parish, f. prefect at Classical Gymnasium in Grudziądz (1920‑35) — religion and introductory course of philosophy professor, f. vicar of Starogard Gdański parish (1916‑20), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Pelplin (1912‑6), f. member of Science Society in Toruń (1919‑20)

date and place of death

20.10.1939

Tczew (Tczew county)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War left Pelplin but soon — after start of German occupation — returned. On 20.10.1939 called in by the Germans for a meeting at the Theological Seminary building in Pelplin. After arrival arrested together with 18 other Pelplin canons. Marched off from the city and rushed to Tczew. There in the former military barracks tortured and murdered during the night together with 15 other Pelplin canons.

alt. dates and places of death

21.10.1939

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

BARTKOWSKI Julius, BISTRAM John, DZIARNOWSKI Augustine Charles, GRAJEWSKI Joseph, JANKOWSKI John, KIRSTEIN Paul, KUROWSKI Paul, LEWANDOWSKI Louis, PARTYKA Boleslaus, RASZEJA Maximilian, RÓŻYŃSKI Francis, SCHÜTT Walter, SIELSKI Julius, WIŚNIEWSKI John, ZAREMBA John

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Tczew (mord kapłanów): On 20.10.1939 Germans in Pelplin and vicinity arrested c. 21 Catholic priests. The group was driven to a nearby Belawski forest where they were forced to dig a large ditch. For some reason (possibly for place was open to local inhabitants) the group was forced to march back to Pelplin, being publicly maltreated and tortured on the way, towards train station. There they were put on lorries and taken to Tczew prison. In the evening after torture 16 of them were executed in the Tczew military barracks, at the place traditionally known as Old Powder Site — by the shots to the back of the head (Germ. „Genickschuss”). Some of them were prob. buried in a mass grave alive. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23])

Tczew (obóz): Transit camp set up by the Germans on 10.09.1939 for inhabitants of Tczew county. Organised at former Polish army barracks and from end of 11.1939 in the Artisans’ school building. Altogether c. 1,000‑1,500 people where incarcerated and repeatedly tortured. 120‑150 were murdered in the barracks including 16 priests from Pelplin. Some were mass murdered in Szpęgawsk forest, others were transferred to KL Stutthof concentration camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.zkp.tczew.pl [access: 2012.11.23], niedziela.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.niedziela.diecezja.torun.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.05.19], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.10.05]
original images:
www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.panoramio.com [access: 2015.04.18], www.portalpomorza.pl [access: 2015.04.18]

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