• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

LINK to Nu HTML Checker

WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • ROHWEDDER Mary (Sr Mary Xaveria), source: newsaints.faithweb.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROHWEDDER Mary (Sr Mary Xaveria)
    source: newsaints.faithweb.com
    own collection
  • ROHWEDDER Mary (Sr Mary Xaveria) - Contemporary painting, source: katarzynki.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOROHWEDDER Mary (Sr Mary Xaveria)
    Contemporary painting
    source: katarzynki.org.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

ROHWEDDER

surname
versions/aliases

ROHWEDER

forename(s)

Mary (pl. Maria)

religious forename(s)

Mary Xaveria (pl. Maria Ksaweria)

function

nun

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the Sisters of st Catherine the Virgin and Martyr (St Catherine Sisters - CSC)
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Warmia diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02]

nationality

German

date and place of birth

25.05.1887

Płoskinia
Braniewo pow., Warmia-Masuria voiv., Poland

alt. dates and places of birth

25.02.1882

religious vows

23.04.1907 (last)

positions held

superior in Orneta hospital, member of Congregation’s General Board, f. superior in Braniewo, f. postulate master and novitiate educator in Braniewo, f. educator in Braniewo boardinghouse

date and place of death

25.11.1945

Piła
Piła pow., Greater Poland voiv., Poland

cause of death

extermination: rape and murder

details of death

During the final Russian winter offensive of 1945 of the II World War — started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 — marked by numerous gang rapes, beatings and maltreatment of women by Russians soldiers, forced by German Gestapo to leave Orneta. Ministered in St Joseph hospital in Dobre Miasto. There after town capture apprehended by the victorious Russians. Dragged to Olsztyn, constantly maltreated. After few months put on an evacuation train to Germany. During evacuation in Iława, in a cattle truck, beaten up by Russian soldier — pushed to the ground, beaten with gun butt, hit in the face by a fist. When train reached Piła was still alive but soon perished. The body was thrown out of the train.

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

ABRAHAM Mary (Sr Mary Rolanda), ANGRICK Rosalie (Sr Mary Sabinella), BOLZ Mary (Sr Mary Generosa), BÖNIGK Agatha Euphemia (Sr Mary Adelgarda), DOMNIK Mary (Sr Mary Liberia), FAHL Hedwig (Sr Mary Caritina), KLOMFASS Martha (Sr Mary Christophora), MARGENFELD Mary (Sr Mary Mauritia), MISCHKE Cecilia (Sr Mary Tiburtia), MÜLLER Catherine Elisabeth (Sr Mary Leonis), PESTKA Anne (Sr Mary Bona), RAUTENBERG Barbara (Sr Mary Secundina), SCHRÖTER Mary (Sr Mary Gebharda), SKIBOWSKA Claire Anne (Sr Mary Aniceta), STEFFEN Dorothea (Sr Mary Gunhilde)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Mass rapes in 1945: During capture in 1944‑5 of pre–war German territories and territories incorporated into Germany in 1939 after German invasion of Poland Russian soldiers committed mass, often multiple, rapes on mainly German, but also Polish, women. Up to 2 mln women might have been violated, from 8 to 80 or more years old. Many were murdered as a consequence. Rapes were prob. tolerated if not encouraged by Russian military and civilian NKVD commanders. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.03.01])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
gross-kleeberg.de [access: 2013.05.19], newsaints.faithweb.com [access: 2013.06.23], katarzynki.org.pl [access: 2015.03.01], www.studiawarminskie.uwm.edu.pl [access: 2014.03.21]
original images:
newsaints.faithweb.com [access: 2013.06.23], katarzynki.org.pl [access: 2015.03.01]

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