• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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surname

PUSZKAR

forename(s)

Józefa

function

nun

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the Daughters of Charity of Saint Vincent de Paul (Daughters of Charity - FdlC)more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Lviv archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and the beginning of World War II, after the start of the Russian occupation, arrested by the Russians on 22.04.1940 in the Public Hospital where she ministered, on charges of membership of a clandestine Polish resistance organization (perhaps the nascent Armed Struggle Union ZWZ, part of Polish Clandestine State.

Held in prisons at Zamarstynów Str., Jachowicza Str. and Kazimierzowska Str. in Lviv.

From there, on 16.02.1941 transported to the Starobielsk concentration camp (after the Russians murdered Polish prisoners of war who had been detained there, as part of the Katyn genocide) Then on 20.06.1941 deported to one of the Russian slave labor camps, Gulag in Vorkuta, in the Komi republic.

There slaved, forced to work beyond her strength, without remuneration.

Released on 19.09.1941, after Polish–Russian Sikorski–Maysky accord, signed as a consequence of the German attack on 22.06.1941 on the former ally, Russians.

Nevertheless, she was sent to Uzbekistan, near the city of Nukus, and placed in a kolkhoz, i.e. slave farm, where she was „starving”.

On 10.02.1942, in Kiermine, where the conscription commission was located, joined the Polish army of General Anders.

Appointed commander of the platoon.

On 24.03.1942, due to the fact that the Russians limited food rations for soldiers and civilians and the inability to survive in Russia, the evacuation of the Polish army to Iran began (it lasted until c. 10.09.1042).

She wrote down her memoirs on 03.03.1943, outside of Russia.

Further fate unknown.

alt. details of death

Prob. survived.

Her name appeared in a few list of Polish victims of Russian persecutions.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Russians

date and place of birth

1902

Cheremoshnyatoday: Zolochiv rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine

positions held

till 1940

nun {Lvivtoday: Lviv city rai., Lviv obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
, Congregation's house, Congregation of Daughters of Charity}, surgery nurse at Public Hospital

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Gen. Anders army’s evacuation to Iran: In 08‑09.1941 joint British and Russian invasion of Iran ( „Operation Y”) took place. On 17.09.1941 Teheran was jointly captured by British and Russian troops. When Gen. Anders decided to take Polish troops out of Russia altogether 75,003 militaries and 41,128 civilians, including c. 20,000 children, Polish victims of Russian deportations, prisons and concentration camps reached Iran between 12.03.1942 and 09.1942. One of the transit camps was in Mashhad in northern Iran, in Russian occupation zone, which 2,694 people, mainly civilians including 1,704 children (Mary Anne Tyszkiewicz known under artistic name of Hanka Ordonówna, famous Polish singer) went through. There on a separate patch of Armenian cemetery 29 Polish refugees, including 16 soldiers were buried — victims of car accidents on treacherous road from Russia and devastation and exhaustion from past experiences in Russia. Altogether 600 Polish soldiers, „43 junior–boys, 17 junior–girls, 13 volunteers of Women’s Support Services and 2 sisters of Red Cross” perished in Iran… (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.05.30]
)

Deportations to Siberia: In 1939‑41 Russians deported — in four large groups in: 10.02.1940, 13‑14.04.1940, 05‑07.1940, 05‑06.1941 — up to 1 mln of Polish citizens from Russian occupied Poland to Siberia leaving them without any support at the place of exile. Thousands of them perished or never returned. The deportations east, deep into Russia, to Siberia resumed after 1944 when Russians took over Poland. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

VorkutLag: Russian complex of concentration camps and forced labour camp (part of Gulag penal system), near Vorkuta in Komi republic, created on 10.15.1938 — as a result of the split of larger UktpechLag complex of camps — where Russians held many Poles prisoners. Up to 75,000 (at peak — in 1950‑1 — c. 100,000) prisoners slaved there mainly in coal mines. In the most tragic 1943 c. 15.5% of prisoners held in the camp perished. Total number of victims of Vorkuta camps remains unknown. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Starobielsk: In 1939‑41 in Starobielsk Russians set a concentration camp for Poles arrested after 1939 invasion of Poland. In 04.1940 approx. 3,800 were kept there and subsequently— as the fulfillment of Russian government decision to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and prisoners of war camps (Polish holocaust) — were executed in Twer. Used as a concentration camp for Poles later as well. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
)

Lviv (Zamarstiniv): Penal prison no 2 in Lviv. In 1939‑41 Russians organised there an NKVD detention centre and jailed thousands of prisoners, mainly Poles and Ukrainians, interrogating them and torturing. In 06.1941 after German invasion Russians murdered few thousands of them in a mass massacre. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
cracovia-leopolis.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.06]
, www.zapisyterroru.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.02.03]

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