• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • PIECHOWSKI Boleslaus Bronislaus, source: picasaweb.google.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPIECHOWSKI Boleslaus Bronislaus
    source: picasaweb.google.com
    own collection
  • PIECHOWSKI Boleslaus Bronislaus - 1908, as a seminarian, source: www.najigoche.kaszuby.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPIECHOWSKI Boleslaus Bronislaus
    1908, as a seminarian
    source: www.najigoche.kaszuby.pl
    own collection

surname

PIECHOWSKI

surname
versions/aliases

VON PICHOWSKI

forename(s)

Boleslaus Bronislaus (pl. Bolesław Bronisław)

  • PIECHOWSKI Boleslaus Bronislaus - Commemorative plaque, commemorative cross, Lubiszewo, source: mariateresa.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPIECHOWSKI Boleslaus Bronislaus
    Commemorative plaque, commemorative cross, Lubiszewo
    source: mariateresa.pl
    own collection
  • PIECHOWSKI Boleslaus Bronislaus - Commemorative cross, Lubiszewo, source: www.tcz.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPIECHOWSKI Boleslaus Bronislaus
    Commemorative cross, Lubiszewo
    source: www.tcz.pl
    own collection
  • PIECHOWSKI Boleslaus Bronislaus - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPIECHOWSKI Boleslaus Bronislaus
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23]

date and place of death

12.08.1942

TA Hartheim
Schloss Hartheim - Alkoven, Eferding dist., Salzburg, Austria

alt. dates and places of death

06.09.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the World War II arrested by the Germans on 10/11.09.1939. Jailed in Tczew prison and next in Neufahrwasser transit camp. Forced to slave at German farms. Next before 07.01.1940 moved to KL Stutthof concentration camp. Tortured. On 09‑10.04.1940 transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. Finally on 14.12.1940 sent to KL Dachau concentration camp and from there — totally exhausted — in a so‑called „invalid transport” transported to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center where murdered in a gas chamber.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

10.12.1885

Osówek
Starogard Gdański pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

09.03.1913 (St Barbara Theological Seminary chapel in Pelplin)

positions held

1937–1939 — parish priest {parish: Lubiszewo}
1926–1936 — curatus/rector/expositus {parish: Tczew; church: Lubiszewo}
till 1925 — administrator {parish: Fordon, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor}
from 1922 — vicar {parish: Fordon, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor}
1918–1920 — vicar {parish: Wąbrzeźno, St Simon and St Judas Thaddaeus the Apostles}
vicar {parish: Luzino, St Lawrence the Martyr}
vicar {parish: Chojnice, Beheading of St John the Baptist}
till 1913 — student {Pelplin, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}
activist {National Party}
activist {Young Kashubians Society}
{writer}, incl. author of the brochure „The History of Fordon”, under the pseudonym „Bolesław Leliwa"

others related in death

MILLER Eugene, NEBELSKI Adam, NOWAK Stanislaus Zeno, OLKOWSKI Francis, PERCZAK Edmund, POTOCKI Mieczyslav, PRABUCKI Boleslaus Rock, PYRKA Marian, PYTKO Henry, RADKOWSKI Ignatius, RADZKI Steven, ROMAS Felix, RYSZTOGI Victor, RYTEL Vaclav (Fr Viator), RZADKOWSKI Mieczyslav, SAMOLEJ John Adalbert, STACHOWIAK Casimir Alexander, STĘPNIAK Joseph (Fr Florian), STRASZEWSKI Joseph, SULIMA-PRZYBOROWSKI John, SZWABIŃSKI Michael, TARGOŃSKI Eugene Matthias, TOCHOWICZ Ignatius Marian, TOŁKACZ Vaclav, TOMIŃSKI Anthony, WIERZBICKI Cornelius, WOJTASIK Vladislav Stanislaus, ZAREMBA Joseph Bronislaus, ZUSKE Stanislaus Witold

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30])

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22747): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

Neufahrwasser: Neufahrwasser (Gdańsk — Nowy Port) was a transit camp organised by the Germans in 1939 for Polish prisoners, chiefly as a part of „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania. Z Neufahrwasser prisoners were being sent to KL Stutthof concentration camp or directly to execution sites. The camp was closed in 04.1940. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2013.08.10], ofiaromwojny.republika.pl [access: 2013.12.04])

Tczew (obóz): Transit camp set up by the Germans on 10.09.1939 for inhabitants of Tczew county. Organised at former Polish army barracks and from end of 11.1939 in the Artisans’ school building. Altogether c. 1,000‑1,500 people where incarcerated and repeatedly tortured. 120‑150 were murdered in the barracks including 16 priests from Pelplin. Some were mass murdered in Szpęgawsk forest, others were transferred to KL Stutthof concentration camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.kaszubi.pl [access: 2012.12.28], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.12.28], www.zapiskihistoryczne.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.lubiszewo-parafia.pl [access: 2013.07.06], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.05.30]
original images:
picasaweb.google.com [access: 2013.07.06], www.najigoche.kaszuby.pl [access: 2015.09.30], mariateresa.pl [access: 2017.05.20], www.tcz.pl [access: 2015.09.30]

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