• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • PAWLAK Anthony, source: panaszonik.blogspot.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWLAK Anthony
    source: panaszonik.blogspot.com
    own collection

surname

PAWLAK

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • PAWLAK Anthony - Commemorative plaque, St Peter and Paul the Apostles church, Grodzisko, source: panaszonik.blogspot.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWLAK Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, St Peter and Paul the Apostles church, Grodzisko
    source: panaszonik.blogspot.com
    own collection
  • PAWLAK Anthony - Commemorative plaque, Theological Seminary, Włocławek, source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWLAK Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, Theological Seminary, Włocławek
    source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl
    own collection
  • PAWLAK Anthony - Commemorative plaques, Holiest Heart of Jesus church, Turek; source: thanks to Ms Agatha Rola-Bruni's kindness (private correspondence, 09.11.2019), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWLAK Anthony
    Commemorative plaques, Holiest Heart of Jesus church, Turek
    source: thanks to Ms Agatha Rola-Bruni's kindness (private correspondence, 09.11.2019)
    own collection
  • PAWLAK Anthony - Commemorative memorial, Holiest Heart of Jesus church, Turek; source: thanks to Ms Agatha Rola-Bruni's kindness (private correspondence, 09.11.2019), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWLAK Anthony
    Commemorative memorial, Holiest Heart of Jesus church, Turek
    source: thanks to Ms Agatha Rola-Bruni's kindness (private correspondence, 09.11.2019)
    own collection
  • PAWLAK Anthony - Commemorative plaque, Theological Seminary, Włocławek, source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOPAWLAK Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, Theological Seminary, Włocławek
    source: pomniki.wloclawek.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

academic distinctions

Philosopy MA

date and place of death

1940

Komornicki forest
Działdowo gm., Działdowo pow., warmińsko-mazurskie voiv., Poland

alt. dates and places of death

KL Soldau
Działdowo, Działdowo pow., warmińsko-mazurskie voiv., Poland
AbL Groß—Mischen
Miszewo-Swobodnoje, Guryevsky reg., obw. królewiecki, Russia
AbL Rudau
Rudawa-Melnikowo, Guryevsky reg., obw. królewiecki, Russia

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 15.10.1939 in Theological Seminary building in Włocławek, with Fr Michael Morawski and Fr Faustinus Stefańczyk. Jailed in Włocławek prison. Next held in Springborn camp (in Stoczek Warmiński Franciscan monastery). From there prob. in 12.1939 transported to KL Hohenbruch concentration camp. Finally on 17.03.1940 transported to KL Soldau concentration camp (then operated as DL Soldau, i.e. transit camp) where perished in unknown circumstances. In the White Book it is assumed that was murdered in a nearby Komorniki forests in a mass execution during genocidal Germ. „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish ruling classes and intelligentsia.

alt. details of death

According to some sources might have been held for some time in Stablack POW camp, and next in AbL Rudau and AbL Groß‑Mischen slave camps.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

18.05.1901

Grodzisko
Świnice Warckie gm., Łęczyca pow., łódzkie voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

22.06.1930

positions held

1937–1939 — spiritual father {Włocławek, St Pius X's High School}
1930–1933 — prefect {Włocławek, The Lower Theological Seminary and the Public Supplementary School}
1930 — prefect {Zduńska Wola, State Teachers' Seminary and primary school}
1933–1937 — student {Kraków, education, Department of Philosophy, Jagiellonian University UJ}

others related in death

BIAŁY Vladislav, BRZUSKI Henry, CIBOROWSKI Thaddeus, KACZOROWSKI Henry, KRYSIAK Andrew, KURACH Anthony, LATARSKI Joseph, MORAWSKI Michael, ROGIŃSKI Joseph Stanislaus, RYSZTOGI Victor, STEFAŃCZYK Faustinus, WĄDOŁOWSKI Francis, BAGDZIŃSKI Mieczyslav, CHWIŁOWICZ Mieczyslav, JANKOWSKI Anthony, KEMPIŃSKI Stanislaus, KLEPACZEWSKI Louis, KŁAPKOWSKI Vladislav, KRYSIŃSKI John Julian, ŁADA Alexander, MIASTKOWSKI Anthony, PIEŃKOWSKI Vladislav, PŁOSZAJ Stanislaus, RAMOTOWSKI Vladislav, ROSZKOWSKI Czeslav, SZCZEPANOWSKI Stanislaus Felix, SZCZODROWSKI Marian, SZYMCZYK Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Komorniki forests: Series of mass murders perpetrated by Germans at the bottom of Komorniki Hill, c. 6 km from Działdowo. Victims were Poles, representatives of Germ. Führungsschicht (Eng. Leading Classes), teachers, Catholic priests, office workers, farmers, political and social activists — prisoners of then DL Soldau Germ. „Durchgangslager für polnische Zivilgefangene” (pl. „transit camp for Polish civilian POWs”). The first of the murders was prob. in 12.1939, on 34 teachers in Ciechanów county. Later prisoners transported from KL Hohenbruch, AbL Rudau, AbL AbL Groß‑Mischen, AbL Baydritten, Stalag I B Hohenstein camps in East Prussia, arrested earlier, were murdered. The victims were brought to the execution site — the trenches of 8 m × 6 m × 2 m were dug out earlier — in trucks and murdered from machine guns fire. Some individuals were executed in DL Soldau camp itself — in the basements of one of camp’s buildings. There they were killed with single shots to the head and bodies were subsequently buried in Komorniki forests. Altogether c. 1,500 people were murdered then, including c. 26. Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2020.07.31])

KL Soldau: KL Soldau concentration camp (in modern Działdowo city) — since the pre–war Polish Działdowo county was incorporated into Germ. Regierungsbezirk Allenstein (Eng. Olsztyn regency) the camp was located in occupied territories where general German law was in force, i.e. in Germany proper — was founded in 09.1939, when in former barracks of 32nd Infantry Regiment of Polish Army Germans set up a temporary camp for POW captured during September 1939 campaign. In autumn 1939 was also used as police jail. In 1939‑40 changed into niem. „ Durchgangslager für polnische Zivilgefangene” (Eng. Transit Camp for Polish Civilians), prior to transport to other concentration camps. In reality it was used then as a place of extermination of Polish intelligentsia within Germ. Intelligenzaktion genocidal program and extermination of sick and disabled within Aktion T4 program. Next in 05.1940 the camp was changed again into niem. Arbeitserziehungslager (Eng. Work Education Camp), and finally into penal comp for criminal and political prisoners, most of whom were sentenced to death. In 1939‑41 Germans imprisoned, maltreated and tortured in KL Soldau hundreds of Polish priests and religious. Approx. 80 priests, religious and nuns perished. They were murdered in the camp itself, by a shot into a head, or in places of mass executions in nearby forests — Białuty forest, Malinowo forets, Komorniki. Dates and precise locations of these murders remain unknown. Altogether in KL Soldau approx. 15,000 prisoners were murdered, including thousands victims — patients of psychiatric institutions (within Aktion T4 plan). (more on: mazowsze.hist.pl [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02])

KL Hohenbruch: German concentration camp Germ. Konzentrationslager Hohenbruch and forced labour camp, mainly for Poles — e.g. captured during „Intelligenzaktion” — in operation in 1939‑44/5 in East Prussia, n. Konigsberg. Prisoners — a few thousands — slaved mainly at forest clearances and swamp draining. C. 200 perished murdered. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

Springborn: In Franciscan monastery in Springborn (now: Stoczek Klasztorny) Germans interned and jailed many priests starting from 1938. In 1938 Austrian bishops were held captive there. In 1939, after German invasion of Poland, Polish priests from northern Poland were being held there prior to being sent to concentration camps. After 1945 commi–nazi authorities held Polish Primate, cardinal Stephen Wyszyński in the monastery. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.05.09])

AbL Groß—Mischen: AbL Groß‑Mischen (Miszewo–Svobodnoye in Sambia) was a German camp where approx. 200 teachers of secondary schools and priest from Włocławek and vicinity were held among others in 1939 — as part of Germ. „Intelligenzaktion”, German program of physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia and leading classes — and were forced to work on e.g. motorway constructions. The camp operated prob. as Germ. Arbeitslager (Eng. Labour Camp) — and thus it is assumed in White Book. It was dissolved in c. 12.1939 / 01.1940 and the letters sent to inmates were returned with a note „addressee unknown”. None of the prisoners held in Rudau, AbL Groß‑Mischen and AbL Beidritten camps ever returned home — all Polish prisoners at the beginning of 1940 were transferred to KL Soldau (then DL Soldau) and prompty murdered during Germ. „Intelligenzaktion” against Polish leading classes. (more on: pamiec.pl [access: 2014.03.10])

Stalag 1-A Stablack: Stalag 1‑A — German POW camp for non‑commissioned officers and privates in the vicinity of todays Stabławek and Kamińsk villages (Bartoszyce county) and partly n. Dołgorukowo, then in Preussich Eylau county (today in Russian Królewiec enclave). After attack of Poland Germans brought to it till the end of 09.1939 c. 40,000 POWs. Altogether during 1939‑45 c. 255,000 prisoners from whole Europe were held there. More than 10 thousand perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

Włocławek: Police detention centre at Karnkowski str. in downtown Włocławek run by Germans. In 1939‑40 Germans held there hundreds of Poles, including dozens of Polish priests, that were subsequently transported to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sztetl.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: www.sztetl.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
mazowsze.hist.pl [access: 2012.11.23], martyrologia.wloclawek.pl [access: 2013.10.05]
bibliograhical:
„Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislau Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‑08.1947
original images:
panaszonik.blogspot.com [access: 2016.03.14], panaszonik.blogspot.com [access: 2016.03.14], pomniki.wloclawek.pl [access: 2018.11.18], pomniki.wloclawek.pl [access: 2020.09.26]

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